Verben - Questions on words that describe an action, an occurrence or state of being.

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4
votes
2answers
647 views

verhindern, hindern, behindern - what's the difference?

What's the difference between verhindern, hindern, behindern - in dictionary they seem to have the same or very similar meaning?
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Positions of verbs in clauses

e.g. when we use wenn the verb goes to end. If the sentence starts with wenn, the second clause starts with verb as follows: Wenn es morgen regnet, gehe ich ins Kino. I think it is similar for ...
9
votes
2answers
451 views

The use of stand alone prefixes of separable prefix verbs

I've encountered an example of using a prefix of a separable prefix verb by itself, and I was wondering what is the right way to use such prefixes this way: A: Mach die Tür bitte zu! B: Sie ist ...
3
votes
1answer
619 views

German phrasal verbs?

I know of German separable prefix verbs and of English phrasal verbs, but these examples seem to be of phrasal verbs on German that do not fall under the definition of separable prefix verbs: weg ...
6
votes
2answers
650 views

Are “zu-” and “ein-” special prefixes widely used to form new verbs?

Are "zu-" and "ein-" special prefixes widely used to form new verbs in German language? Like the following two examples: schlafen (to sleep) einschlafen (to fall sleep) hören (to hear) ...
3
votes
4answers
3k views

What is “schlagen” slang for?

I had a German exchange student in my class and he always used "schlagen" in a weird way and it was hard to understand him. I know "schlagen" means "to fight" in English but what does it mean in ...
8
votes
2answers
901 views

Wie sage ich “used to do” auf Deutsch?

Wie übersetzt man "used to do s.th." ins Deutsche? Ich habe früher etwas regelmäßig getan, was ich jetzt nicht mehr tue. Gibt es eine bestimmte Verbform im Deutschen, die das ausdrückt?
2
votes
2answers
493 views

How to say “You must let me speak.” in German?

It seems that I have three verbs in my sentence. Are must and let verbs? Must turns to to have in its verb form, but let?
7
votes
1answer
219 views

“Ich zieh … und wünsch mir …”: what is the subject?

In the lyrics to the song "Mutter" there is this verse: ich zieh sie auf ein weißes Haar werf in die Luft die nasse Kette und wünsch mir, dass ich eine Mutter hätte What is the subject of ...
9
votes
3answers
280 views

tragen trug getragen but beauftragen beauftragte beauftragt

Could a native German speaker explain to me why the following verbs are irregular tragen trug getragen betragen betrug betragen auftragen trug auf aufgetragen beitragen trug bei beigetragen but ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Schwache Verben und starke Verben

Im Deutschen gibt es bei Verben eine Unterteilung zwischen starken und schwachen Verben. Je nachdem zu welcher Gruppe ein Wort gehört, wird das Partizip II unterschiedlich gebildet. Schwaches Verb: ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Bedeutung von “menscheln”

Seit ungefähr 15 Jahren kenne ich das Wort menscheln und ich dachte immer, es hieße, dass in einer Umgebung (wie zum Beispiel einem Meeting oder einem Parteitag), wo sonst eher Objektivität und Kühle ...
5
votes
3answers
327 views

Conjunctions in subordinate clauses

I understand that in a subordinate clause, such as with weil the main verb is sent to the end of the sentence. However, if I add a conjunction such as und does that clause also have its main verb sent ...
14
votes
5answers
1k views

Ist “rauf voten” und “runter voten” eine akzeptable Übersetzung für “upvote” und “downvote”?

Was ist eine angemessene deutsche Übersetzung von upvote und downvote? Das deutsche Verb voten findet man in Duden Online. Zur englischen Orthografie siehe EL&U.
7
votes
1answer
274 views

Conjunction of separable verbs?

One can use a conjunction like und to link two (or more) verbs, as in Ich lese und schreibe, but what happens when one or more of the verbs is separable? For the sake of concreteness, here's an ...
6
votes
2answers
262 views

Do “wuseln” or “wuselig sein” have a negative connotation?

In recent years there is an increased usage of "wuseln" or "wuselig sein" when it comes to describing bustling people or a very lively situation. Is this expression used in a positive sense or does ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Difference between “bieten” and “anbieten”

Is there a difference between the verbs "bieten" and "anbieten" in sense "to offer"?
5
votes
1answer
139 views

“küssen” - usage of sharp S (“ß”)

The verb "küssen" is conjugated in second person singular, plural and in the third person with 'ß' du küßt er/sie/es küßt ihr küßt Source Is it incorrect if I use it for the others too? ...
5
votes
5answers
602 views

What does “laufen” mean other than walking and running?

What does laufen mean in the following context: Also, mit ein Meter sechsundsiebzig ist es nicht so einfach. Hier laufen so viele kleine Männer rum.
3
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the difference between “ist” and “es”?

I am trying to figure out what is the difference between "ist" and "es"? for example in the phrase "Mein Auto ist blau" vs. "Mir geht es gut", can you say "Mir geht ist gut"?
9
votes
4answers
835 views

How to say that someone means a lot to you?

I'm writing an essay for German class and I was wondering how I would say that my friends mean a lot to me. I wrote "Sie (meine Freunde) bedeuten mir viel" but something about it just sounds...wrong. ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

“Abwaschen” vs. “aufwaschen”

Ich habe mir hin und wieder schon die Frage gestellt, woher die unterschiedliche Benutzung von "ab-" und "aufwaschen" für die Tätigkeit des spülens von Geschirr kommt. Im folgenden Ngram kann man ...
9
votes
2answers
383 views

“helfen jmdm.” vs. “helfen zu jmdm.”

I thought that helfen required Dative without any preposition, but in one of my favorite songs by J.S.Bach, the lyrics go like this: Wir eilen mit schwachen, doch emsigen Schritten, O Jesu, o ...
16
votes
4answers
2k views

How would you translate “to judge someone” to German?

In English, "to judge someone" often implies a negative opinion, as in "Don't judge me!". Is there a German equivalent for this? How would you translate the example? My dictionary gives "jmdn. ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

“Sich bewerben um” oder “für”?

What is the correct version? sich bewerben um etwas sich bewerben für etwas Are there cases where one or the other is preferable? Please make some examples if there are.
12
votes
1answer
200 views

peculiar verbal sentence opening

"Dennoch ist es tiefgründiger, als man zunächst meinen könnte. Erscheinen doch beide Faktoren zunächst als Antagonisten: Ist die Unsicherheit groß, so ist das Vertrauen gering." The sentence ...
4
votes
2answers
653 views

Nouns and verbs which share the same form

Beside "leben" - to live and "Leben" - life, are there other nouns which have the same form as their verbs?
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Position of verbs in clauses

When should you place the verb at the end of a clause? I know that you're supposed to place the main verb at the end of a clause if it follows another clause; such as: Ich werde es nicht kaufen, ...
25
votes
3answers
2k views

How do synchronous interpreters handle long German split verb sentences?

One of the points where German differs from other languages are the split verb sentences where the two parts of a verb form can be placed quite some distance apart, for example: Ich habe nach ...
7
votes
2answers
733 views

What's the meaning of “Er hat mit ihr geschäckert”? [closed]

Can someone translate this into English: Er hat mit ihr geschäkert. The verb "schäckern" has no entry in dict.leo.org . UPDATE The correct spelling is schäkern which you can find in most ...
4
votes
2answers
505 views

German verbs vs English verbs

Why do all English verbs have to start with "to" and German verbs don't? In English we say "to play" but in German we would just say "spielen". why don't we say "zu spielen"? Why don't we do this in ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Sentence structure tips: verb placement

I'm having some trouble getting used to placing the second verb in a phrase at the end. Sie kann sehr gut deutsch sprechen Taking the above sentence as an example, I find it hard to read ...
5
votes
3answers
938 views

When is “gehen” properly used?

When is the word "gehen" properly used? Is it only used to indicate walking? For example, are any of these correct: ich gehe nach Moskau (if I live in, say, South America) ich gehe mit dem ...
2
votes
2answers
94 views

stilllegen, but lahm legen?

In Bastian Sick, "Der Dativ ist dem Genitiv sein Tod", I read that it is "stilllegen", but "lahm legen". He didn´t understand it himself and did not give an explanation, why the first word is written ...
4
votes
4answers
529 views

Welche Verben lassen sich mit ähnlich vielen Verbalpräfix wie “legen” kombinieren?

Auf Wikipedia findet man eine beachtliche Zahl von Präfixen, die sich mit "legen" kombinieren lassen. ab- an- auf- aus be- bei- dar- ein- er- hin- hinter- nach- nieder- über- (unbetont) über- ...
9
votes
5answers
224 views

Gab es früher mal ein Verb “untergeben”?

Irgendwie hat mich der Brotaufstrich darauf gebracht, dass folgende Vorsilben ab an auf unter über sich gut mit folgenden Verben kombinieren lassen geben gehen laufen schreiben streichen also ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Vague “daherkommen”

Why the meaning of the intransitive verb "daherkommen" is quite equivocal (I suppose)? Der Glaube an Gott, Familie und deutsche Einheit kommt meist polemisch daher, gegen den politischen Gegner ...
9
votes
2answers
457 views

Was bedeutet eigentlich “laufen”?

Laut LEO kann das Wort "laufen" sowohl mit "to walk" als auch mit "to run" übersetzt werden. Wann wird "laufen" verwendet und wie weiß ich, was gemeint ist? "Er läuft die Straße entlang." - Is he ...
3
votes
3answers
494 views

Are the subjunctives of “brauchen” and “verbrauchen” different?

There seems to be a difference when building subjunctives from the verb "brauchen" when used alone, or in the composite verb "verbrauchen". Hätten wir überall Energiesparlampen, verbrauchten wir ...
10
votes
1answer
355 views

“Bäckt” or “backt”?

In Dreyer/Schmitt, "bäckt" is given as the main third person form of "backen". Since I never used this and have not heard it often in my area (northern germany), I was very surprised about this and ...
4
votes
2answers
271 views

Meaning of “übertragen”

I was reading a German magazine and I came across the verb "übertragen" in this context: Alte Gewohnheiten werden deshalb besser nicht auf die neue Partnerschaft übertragen. As far as I ...
3
votes
1answer
565 views

“Could” phrases

As far as I know the word could is the subjunctive of "can/to be able to" which translates to "können". However I'm not sure about the subjunctive of "können", and how it affects German sentence ...
7
votes
3answers
594 views

Was bedeutet “buzzern”?

http://www.the-voice-of-germany.de/news/voting-bestes-team-1.2995534 Alle Teams sind voll besetzt. Da stellt sich die Frage aller Fragen: Wer hat sich eurer Meinung nach das beste Team ...
3
votes
2answers
407 views

“Darum -— ich mir ein Auto.”

How should I complete the following sentence: Ich mochte nicht mit der Bahn fahren. Darum ---- ich mir ein Auto. Is "mieten" the correct answer? If yes, why "mir"? Is it a reflexive verb? I ...
5
votes
1answer
245 views

If an English verb is regular, its German equivalent is regular as well?

I've found out a rule in which if an English verb is regular, its German translation is regular as well and the other way around: To see: sehen ; to drink: trinken ; to go: gehen ... Seems to be ...
16
votes
1answer
405 views

Verwendung des umgangssprachlichen Verbs “bongen”

Mir ist die Redewendung Ist gebongt! geläufig. Sie ist eine umgangssprachliche Form von "ist ausgemacht!". Anscheinend ist gebongt das Partizip Perfekt von bongen. Ist dieses Verb – außerhalb ...
13
votes
3answers
916 views

Why is “kennenlernen” written as compound word?

According to Duden online the suggested spelling of of the verb is kennenlernen. Why is it written as composite and not as separate words like every other combination of verbs with lernen? lesen ...
10
votes
2answers
130 views

“So wären/wäre es Träume nur gewesen?”

I saw a poster with this text: So wären es Träume nur gewesen? The subject seems to be "es", not "Träume". Why is the Konjunktiv plural? I'd write: So wäre es Träume nur gewesen?
9
votes
5answers
1k views

Difference between “ist um die Ecke” and “liegt um die Ecke”

I've found a local German tutor who is fluent in German (she's American but lived in Germany for years and teaches German). We were going over some "quickies". One example she gave was: Das Hotel ...
8
votes
3answers
415 views

What is the correct form of past tense of “sich ausgehen”

I'm looking for a form of the verb sich ausgehen in the past sense, close to the meaning of We didn't make it (because of time constraints) yesterday anymore. I was wondering if I could say ...