Verben - Questions on words that describe an action, an occurrence or state of being.

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1
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0answers
9 views

Verbs with past/perfect forms different than root

The verb gleiten has past and perfect forms glitt, hat geglitten Entgleiten is also irregular, with the same forms entglitt, ist entglitten But begleiten is regular: begleitete, hat ...
14
votes
1answer
461 views

Seit wann hat man aufgehört, im Perfekt Hilfsverben wegzulassen?

In der früheren Literatur war es üblich, das Hilfsverb im Perfekt oder Plusquamperfekt wegzulassen. Hier ist ein Beispiel (aus Reichtum, einer Kurzgeschichte von Arthur Schnitzler) in dem das letzte ...
6
votes
3answers
168 views

Why is “berauben” used with genitive noun?

The verb berauben is used with a genitive noun in the format jemanden einer Sache berauben Is there any reason why genitive? The related verb rauben is used with a dative, as is more common with ...
0
votes
3answers
59 views

“zu” that doesn't cover both verbs in a sentence

In my German essay I intended to say that Sunday should be a day for relaxing and another verb in my language that is translated as "relaxing", too. I wrote: Ein Sonntag sollte einen Tag für ...
2
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4answers
175 views

Participles of reflexive verbs

Mit der mittlerweile fünften Streikwelle will die Pilotengewerkschaft Vereinigung Cockpit Bewegung in die festgefahrenen Tarifgespräche bringen. The verb festfahren normally needs to be used in ...
7
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3answers
194 views

Verbs that are both separable and inseparable [duplicate]

Some verbs have both a separable and an inseparable form, like durchlaufen. In case of "durchlaufen", the separable form is mainly intransitive, while the inseparable form is mainly transitive ...
22
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4answers
2k views

Does the verb “möchten” exist?

I have often encountered the forms möchte, möchtest.... Does the verb möchten exist? Is it some special form of mögen or an independent verb?
10
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4answers
572 views

Tense and Aspect

Most linguists recognize two tenses in English, present and past, although other verb forms are often mistakenly described as tenses. I walk is present tense and I walked is past tense. A form such as ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

Whats the function of “da” in connection with verbs?

As I figured, da has several meanings. How is it understood, when it comes together with a verb? Consider the following statements Und jeder Priester steht da und verrichtet täglich den ...
2
votes
3answers
248 views

What is the difference between “testen”, “probieren” and “schmecken”?

Der Restaurantkritiker hat meinen Kuchen geschmeckt. The Food critic tasted my cake. Can I use probieren or testen in this context? What is the difference between testen, probieren and ...
5
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5answers
399 views

Deutscher Konjugator / German conjugation tables

Wo kann ich einen "Deutsch-Konjugator" finden bzw. ihn herunterladen? Where can I find German conjugation tables?
6
votes
2answers
246 views

Is there a way to form a “one who [verb]s” noun?

In English, I can take just about any verb (for example to crush), and form a noun which means "one who [does that verb]" by adding -er (for example, crusher). Is there a similar formulaic alteration ...
6
votes
3answers
133 views

Difference between “zweifeln”, “anzweifeln” and “bezweifeln”

I was looking at the verb form from the word "Zweifel" and I found 3 different words: zweifeln anzweifeln bezweifeln It probably is subtle, but could someone explain me the difference between ...
0
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4answers
156 views

When would you use “kommen”, “ankommen”, or “eintreffen”?

I was talking with my partner about when he would be arriving home and when our guest would be arriving. I didn't know the word for "arrive" and Google translate didn't provide much enlightenment. I ...
7
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5answers
2k views

Does “wiederhören” really exist?

I know that wiedersehen exists together with its declination, but what about wiederhören? Does that verb really exist?
1
vote
2answers
133 views

Liste mit “Denk-Verben” [closed]

Ich suche Quellen - gedruckt oder online - für eine möglichst umfangreiche, wenn nicht gar vollständige Liste deutscher "Denk-Verben", also Verben wie denken, wissen, verstehen, erkennen, glauben, ...
10
votes
1answer
114 views

Wie bestimmt man eindeutig die Zählform eines Verbs?

Es sollte eigentlich eindeutig sein, worauf sich das Verb in den folgenden Sätzen jeweils bezieht und wie es demzufolge - Singular oder Plural - gebildet wird. Ist es (für mich) aber nicht. ...
4
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3answers
145 views

When can I use constructions like “wenn du planst teilzunehmen?”

In writing an email to some friends, I was told that it's better to write Bitte gib uns Bescheid, wenn du planst teilzunehmen. instead of Bitte gib uns Bescheid, wenn du teilzunehmen ...
9
votes
4answers
442 views

Verb for denoting location

I have noticed in German sein is not used as frequently as "to be" in English to denote where something is. The store is on the corner Your poster is on the wall Where is the closest ...
5
votes
6answers
442 views

What is the difference between “nachvollziehen” and “verstehen”?

What is the difference between nachvollziehen and verstehen? In my dictionary they both mean “to comprehend”. Do they have a big difference in usage?
4
votes
5answers
267 views

What is the difference between “abschliessen”, “beenden” and “aufhören”?

Nachdem ich meinen MA an der Universität Oklohoma abgeschlossen habe, werde ich nach Deutschland umziehen. After I am done with my masters at Oklohoma University, I'll move to Germany. Will it ...
6
votes
2answers
163 views

What is the difference between 'verwalten' and 'regieren'?

I came across a podcast on Berlin Wall and they said that for Germany post-World War II: "Ein Viertel wurde von den USA verwaltet." I would have imagined to use 'regieren' here. Turns out verwalten ...
5
votes
4answers
3k views

Why “Ich habe Hunger” and not “Ich bin Hunger”?

The sentence Ich bin Hunger translates to I am hungry, which seems right, whereas Ich habe Hunger translates to I have hunger. Why do Germans own or possess hunger?
2
votes
3answers
378 views

“I am going to take a shower”

Would you say Ich werde eine Dusche nehmen. or Ich gehe eine Dusche nehmen. Which one is right for the sentence: "I am going to take a shower." "I am going to take a shower" vs. "I will ...
3
votes
6answers
147 views

What's the difference between “untersuchen” and “analysieren”?

What is the difference between analysieren and untersuchen? Ich untersuche den Fall Nicole Smith. Ich analysiere den Fall Nicole Smith.
7
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3answers
805 views

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen Singular Imperativ mit und ohne 'e' am Ende?

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen Singular Imperativ mit und ohne 'e' am Ende? Zum Beispiel: „Geh(e) weiter!“ „Hab(e) Geduld!“ Bedeutet „Geh“ etwas anderes als „Gehe“? Darf man „e“ am ...
9
votes
6answers
1k views

Meaning of German verb “anflicken”

I have come across the verb anflicken in a German translation of Ars Poetica by Horace and have not been able to find the meaning or translation in English on the internet. I have found example ...
3
votes
1answer
232 views

Verb/noun pairs in German (collocation)

I am a native English speaker, relatively fluent in German - but something I continue to find quite difficult is to get a sense of which verb is appropriate for a given noun. It's possible this is ...
4
votes
1answer
218 views

List (exhaustive-ish) of predicates with “quirky subject”? (“Lexikalischer Kasus”)

I’m trying to find an exhaustive-ish list of predicates with quirky subjects (Lexikalischer Kasus) to get a better idea of how many of these there are (a dozen, a hundred?), how common they are, and ...
0
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3answers
195 views

What is the difference between “sich amüsieren” and “Spaß machen”?

Yesterday we drove to the beach and had fun. Gestern sind wir an den Strand gefahren und wir haben uns amüsiert. Does "sich amüsieren" fit in this context? Can I also use "Spaß machen"? Does ...
1
vote
2answers
93 views

Wann kann man Verben der Form [etwas]bekommen durch [etwas]kriegen ersetzen?

Kriegen sei die (oder eine) umgangssprachliche Version des Verbes bekommen, wurde mir mal gesagt. Ich hätte diese Behauptung hier sorgfältiger bestätigen lassen. Soweit kenne ich nur eine kleine ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

Hassling the Hoff - Conjugating sein with two subjects

David Hasselhoff's number Du (featured in the movie Eurotrip) has these lyrics: Ich hab' ein Ziel und dieses Ziel bist du, bist du, bist du. I found the conjugation of sein here interesting ...
1
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3answers
1k views

Difference between using the double infinitive or past participle?

For longer sentences with more verbs, it is often hard for a learner to figure out when to use the double infinitive sentence structure and when to use the past participle. For example in the ...
3
votes
3answers
128 views

Warum sind “totlachen, kaputtlachen,…” reflexiv, und “lachen” nicht?

Hier auf dieser Seite habe ich einen Kommentar gesehen, in dem es behauptet wird, Komposita mit lachen reflexiv seien bzw. reflexiv sein können. Warum?
2
votes
4answers
149 views

How to use the verb “pflegen” with the meaning of - being used to do something?

How to use the verb "pflegen" with the meaning of - be used to doing something? Example - How to say My grandmother is used to taking a nap every afternoon.
19
votes
4answers
6k views

Wie ist die richtige Schreibweise – “geliket”? “geliked”?

Offen gestanden denke ich, dass es eher geliket sein müsste, da deutsche Partizipien gewöhnlich auf t enden, wie z. B. gemacht, getanzt, etc. Dagegen spricht meine Beobachtung, ich habe geliket fast ...
2
votes
5answers
199 views

What's the difference between “ausziehen” vs “ablegen”?

Sie zieht den Mantel und die Handschuhe aus. Er legt den Mantel ab. What is the difference between these two words?
2
votes
2answers
183 views

“Hat erfolgt”? Echt?

Wiktionary meint, das Hilfsverb für erfolgen sei haben. Wenn man den Link öffnet, findet man aber, dass es mit sein das Partizip bildet. Ich erkenne ein paar Verben, die mit beiden Hilfsverben ...
2
votes
2answers
199 views

Usage of the verb “gehen”

Gehen actually means 'to go'. The use of gehen is a semi-auxiliary in colloquial. It expresses a possibility and the infinitive has passive force. Die Uhr geht zu reparieren. which means 'The ...
3
votes
2answers
273 views

“To know somebody” as in “have knowledge of”

In English, "to know somebody" may have two different meanings: Do you know my neighbor Felix? (acquainted with) Do you know Angela Merkel? (have knowledge of) The first meaning is ...
4
votes
3answers
92 views

“anschauen” as reflexive or not

The verb anschauen can be used either as a reflexive verb or not jdn/etw anschauen: to look at sb/sth sich dat etw anschauen: to take a look at sth I have trouble understanding the ...
2
votes
3answers
315 views

verb for “look up a word”

You should look up that word in the dictionary. What is the common way to say this in German? Du sollst das Wort im Wörterbuch nachschlagen. Which verbs are acceptable? I'm thinking of ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

How to use verbs when demanding? [closed]

Sorry if this is a stupid question but what verb ending would you use when demanding something? Examples: "Get me a apple" or "Sing me a song".
3
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2answers
570 views

Wann wird die richtige Konjunktiv-II-Form bei schwachen Verben verwendet?

Ich weiß, dass die richtige Konjunktiv-II-Form nur bei einigen starken/gemischten Verben üblich ist, aber wenn sie so benutzt wird, ist klar, dass die im Konjunktiv II stehen: Ich hülfe gerne, ...
8
votes
5answers
358 views

What the difference between öffnen and aufmachen?

Meagan opens her car door and gets in. Meagan macht die Wagentür auf und steigt ein. Can I also use öffnen in this context? What's the difference between aufmachen and öffnen?
0
votes
3answers
174 views

What is the difference between sich unterhalten and sprechen

I am talking on skpe with my German friends. Ich spreche mit meinen deutschen Freunden auf Skype. Can I also use sich unterhalten in this context? What is the difference between sprechenand sich ...
1
vote
2answers
152 views

What is the difference between “checken”, “nachprüfen” and “kontrollieren”?

Ich muss mal das Haus kontrollieren, ob wirklich alle Fenster zu sind. Can I use nachprüfen or checken in this context? What is the difference between nachprüfen, checken and kontrollieren?
2
votes
2answers
185 views

What is the difference between “losfahren” and “losgehen”?

The bus driver drove off after picking up passengers at the stop. Der Busfahrer fuhr los, nachdem er Fahrgäste an der Bushaltesstelle aufgenommen hatte. Can I also use losgehen in this context? ...
8
votes
4answers
441 views

Is there a dictionary for verb meanings with different prefixes?

So my problem is that I find it slightly confusing that there are some verbs that change their meaning with different prefixes, and others that have the same meaning but are used in different ...
2
votes
3answers
174 views

What is the formal way to say “to say” in German?

My mom asks me whether I want to go to my friend's house and I said yes. Meine Mutter fragt, ob ich zu meiner Freundin gehen will und ich antworte mit "ja". What is the formal way to say "to ...