Wortauswahl - Choosing the best word out of a list of alternatives.

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2
votes
2answers
88 views

“a _ used for _” structure in German

Is there a standard way to translate phrases like "a _ used for _". Example: I'm trying to define 'Ohr' in German as "organ used for hearing". Based on what I've read, I've come up with a few ...
5
votes
4answers
304 views

Impliziert “leugnen” die Behauptung des Gegenteils einer erwiesenen Tatsache?

Die Frage steckt eigentlich schon im Titel. Aber ich möchte auch ein Beispiel geben: Atheist: der Gottesleugner Atheist: der Gottesverneiner Die erste Definition stammt so aus dem Brockhaus. Sie ...
4
votes
1answer
819 views

Words meaning 'thing' - Zeug, Gegenstand, Objekt, Sache, Ding

Is there a difference between 'Gegenstand', 'Sache', 'Ding', and 'Dinge'? covers 3 of the 5 words I've translated as 'thing'. Based on it and a few sources, these are ...
2
votes
3answers
140 views

veraltet vs veraltend

I'm marking some definitions as 'archaic' and some as 'obsolete'. From what I understand, veralten means for something to become outdated. So I think the definitions could be marked up as: veraltet ...
9
votes
5answers
4k views

Wann sagt man “physikalisch” und wann “physisch”?

Wann schreibt oder sagt man physikalisch und wann physisch?
0
votes
0answers
66 views

Why “der” and not “die”? [closed]

In the following sentence: Der Mann tanzt mit der Frau why the definite article (Der berstimmte Artikel) is der and not die? isn't Frau feminine?
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Translation of “I have never been to …”

What would be the best translation for I have never been to Germany. Would it be Ich bin noch nie nach Deutschland gegangen. or Ich bin noch nie nach Deutschland gewesen. ? Also, is ...
1
vote
2answers
906 views

Saying 'for example' and 'e.g.'

I think that all three of these are acceptable: zum Beispiel (z.B) beispielsweise Bsp. If so, are there any differences between them? Is one more formal, archaic, colloquial, etc. than the other ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Choice in “Was für { eine | welche }?”

In a questionary I got wrong the following multiple choice question — Wir bieten Ihnen wunderbares Bier an! 1. — Welches? 2. — Was für eins? 3. — Was für welches? The number I ...
5
votes
5answers
632 views

German for nickname?

A German-speaking friend of mine referred to another person, Madeline, by the nickname "Maddie." Except that she used the term "cozy name." Google translate gives me "Spitzname," or more likely ...
4
votes
4answers
257 views

German word for “passphrase”

What is a good translation of the word passphrase into German? I refer, of course, to the technical term. I.e. when used with encryption. Would it be legit to use the old, but arguably suitable, ...
7
votes
2answers
850 views

Der/die/das as demonstrative pronouns: intonation, politeness and difference with dieser/diese/dieses

Three related questions: First, I'm interested in knowing if there is any difference in the usage of der, die, das,... and dieser, diese, dieses,.... For instance z.B. Ich habe zwei Hunde. {Der ...
4
votes
1answer
125 views

Idiomatic translation for “In sum and substance?”

Google translate gives me "In Summe und die Substanz?' But is there a better, more idiomatic translation? And is that "better" translation "im großen und ganzen?" (This more literally back ...
4
votes
3answers
272 views

“von Englisch nach Deutsch” - why not “zu”?

Following the About.com article on zu vs nach, I would guess that "from English to German" would be von Englisch zum Deutsch, but Google Translate uses nach when trying to say 'to a language'. So it ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the best way to say “Thanks for reminding me”?

If I want to write "Thanks for reminding me" in a formal e-mail, which is best: Danke für die Erinnerung. Danke, dass du mich daran erinnerst. Danke, dass du mich daran erinnert hast. ...
8
votes
3answers
713 views

What is the difference between “zurzeit” and “zur Zeit”?

Word's spellchecker often suggest that I write "zur Zeit" where I would naturally write "zurzeit". Is my understanding correct, that the meaning is always: zur Zeit = at some time in the past (zur ...
1
vote
2answers
184 views

Haferschleim vs Haferbrei

I said to my friend: "Ich esse morgens Haferbrei". He asked, whether I mean Haferschleim. Is there any difference? Do these words have the same meaning or not? What about other dishes, like ...
7
votes
2answers
240 views

Relative pronouns for time (span)

Hätten Sie am Dienstag zwischen 10-11 etwas Zeit, 'wann'/'wo'/'in der' ich anrufen könnte? Which relative pronoun do I have to use in the question above?
11
votes
3answers
7k views

When to use “bezahlen” and when “zahlen”?

Leo shows that both bezahlen and zahlen are translated as "to pay". I noticed that people sometimes use the one, and sometimes the other. So, when to use bezahlen and when zahlen?
4
votes
2answers
2k views

What are the differences between “jein” and “naja”?

After reading this related post, I started wondering: what are the differences between jein and naja? I am especially interested in any context(s) where only one of them would be correct or ...
5
votes
2answers
215 views

Das Wort “ich” in offiziellen Schreiben

Sollte man einen Anfang wie z.B. "Ich, <Name>, geboren in ..., bestätige dass ..." vermeiden? Gibt es bessere Alternativen statt "ich", die öfter verwendet werden, z.B. "Unterschreiber" oder ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Correct usage of “sogar” and “einmal” to mean “even”

I would appreciate any clarification on the correct usage of sogar and einmal as translations of the English word "even" when used in the following sense: He didn't drink anything...not even the ...
1
vote
2answers
428 views

Alternate sentence construction using “lassen”

The sentence: "Er hat Reim in seinem Gedicht benutzt." My instructor has suggested that I rewrite the sentence using "a more sophisticated construction, such as one with 'lassen'." How would I do ...
4
votes
3answers
275 views

Words derived from “Kinder”?

My understanding is that kinderlos means childLESS. In the opposite vein, I once described a woman as "kinder fähig." That literally means "child capable," and would refer to someone's ability to ...
4
votes
2answers
126 views

Welche Präposition für “admirer of”?

Wenn man sagt, "I am an admirer of Mr. X, sagt man ich bin ein Bewunderer [des/von/auf/etwas ander] Herr X?" Tatsachlich ist Herr X, Frederick the Great, King of Prussia. Ist "King of Prussia" "König ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

What's the “more correct” term — “achronologisch” or “antichronologisch”?

Which of the two is the "correct" form, or are both correct? Do they mean the same? Or is there a subtle distinction between anti- and a-? Edit: replaced the English terms by the German ones, sorry.
0
votes
2answers
160 views

Schuld oder Scham

Wikipedia spricht davon, dass Überlebende von Flugzeugabstürzen sich gelegentlich für ihr Weiterleben schuldig fühlen, obwohl sie objektiv keine Schuld am Flugzeugabsturz tragen. Weder haben sie ...
10
votes
3answers
5k views

What's the difference between “ehrlich” and “wirklich”?

During conversation, I've seen both words used singularly as a question: Ehrlich? And: Wirklich? In this context, are they both essentially the same as the English: Really? More ...
5
votes
2answers
443 views

What is the difference between “schätzen” and “abschätzen”?

The following to sentenses have different meanings Er schätzt sie. Er schätzt sie ab. But looking at Er schätzt die zurückgelegte Strecke auf 5 Kilometer. and Er schätzt, dass er ...
4
votes
5answers
324 views

“Mögen”, “gefallen”, “erfreuen” - was sagt man zu gutem Essen?

When you want to say that you like a particular food or dish to eat, which do you say: Ich mag die Suppe; Die Suppe gefällt mir; and/or Die Suppe erfreut mich? Or other? Does it matter ...
9
votes
3answers
412 views

Was “haut man in die Fresse”?

"Hau ihm eine in die Fresse!" (Aus 50 dessins d'humour pour perfectionner votre allemand, ) Eine was? Ich hätte "einen (Faustschlag)" erwartet.
5
votes
3answers
189 views

What is the difference between “nicht größere” and “keine größeren”

What is the grammatical difference between these two sentences: Die Lehrer essen nicht größere Eier. Die Lehrer essen keine größeren Eier. Why the ending -n in the second sentence?
8
votes
4answers
3k views

“wenn” vs “falls”

When should "falls" be preferred to "wenn" in expressing conditional sentences? Also, are the cases in which the use of "falls" (or of "wenn") to translate "if" is unidiomatic or a mistake?
4
votes
4answers
414 views

Usage of “dort” or “da” in proper context

I read the question "How to use “hier”, “dort” and “da” properly in German?" and in the answer says that if the distance is far away, you use 'da' and the farthest is 'dort'. I was given a home work ...
22
votes
2answers
669 views

Grammatisch oder grammatikalisch?

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen "grammatisch" und "grammatikalisch"? Ist am Ende eins von beiden falsch? Wenn ja, warum? Wie kommen diese beiden unterschiedlichen Wortformen zustande?
12
votes
3answers
310 views

Umgangssprache für «on second thought»

Gibt es eine einfache, deutsche Art zu «on second thought»? Beispiele: Ich möchte das Bargeld in kleinen Noten haben; [on second thought], es wäre besser, wenn ich grosse Noten haben könnte. ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

“IT” oder “EDV”? Empfindet man “IT” als Anglizismus?

Wenn es um IT geht, finde ich es immer schwer EDV zu benutzen (oder verstehen). Es fällt mir einfach nicht ein. Mein Frage ist: empfindet man IT als Anglizismus? Sollte ich anstreben EDV zu ...
5
votes
2answers
348 views

Technical drawing glossary: How do you translate “cross section” (of a boat)?

I'm designer and 3D artist and I'm translating my portfolio in German. I'm uncertain how to translate some specific design words, in this case: (of a boat, yacht) side cross section I found ...
3
votes
3answers
581 views

What's the difference between “manch” and “viel”?

They both mean "many," right? But are they used in different contexts or ways? The question arises from my German translation of the following song. ...
3
votes
2answers
231 views

Difference between “bis auf”, “bisher”, and “bis zu”?

My understanding is that they all mean "up to." But could they mean "up to in different contexts, some in time, for instance, and other with regards to space?
2
votes
2answers
613 views

When is it appropriate to say you have “Sehnsucht” for someone?

A few years ago I wrote something to a female German teacher who I was quite fond of (not in a romantic way), and it included the phrase: Ich habe Sehnsucht nach dir. I was shooting for a ...
7
votes
3answers
185 views

Gibt es ein deutsches Pendant zur englischen Wendung «writ large»?

In der englischen Sprache gibt es die Wendung «writ large», die normalerweise so benutzt wird: Switzerland is a democracy writ large. oder The State is the organization of robbery writ ...
5
votes
5answers
453 views

Adapting a Quote in Old English Style

I'd like to give someone a gift (who speaks German, and is also a fountain pen user) and include a quote from S.B.R.E. Brown (podcast here) written down with my own calligraphy. The problem is that ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

“Nice summary +1”: Wie sagt man das hier?

Leo zeigt viele Möglichkeiten auf: der Abriss die Aufstellung die Auswertung der Auszug - Text die Inhaltsangabe die Inhaltsübersicht der Kurzbericht die Kurzfassung das ...
6
votes
2answers
926 views

Was ist das Gegenteil von “Autodidakt”?

Gerne würde ich in einem Projekt die Kategorie "Person, die auf Basis fremder vorgegebener Inhalte und Strukturen lernt" etwas griffiger fassen, denn ihr Pendant heißt schlicht "Autodidakt". Googeln ...
9
votes
2answers
252 views

Differences between “Nutzungsverhalten” and “Nutzerverhalten”

I'm struggeling to find a concrete explanation/differentiation for both terms, "Nutzungsverhalten" and "Nutzerverhalten". I've seen Nutzungsverhalten being used mostly in the context of ...
5
votes
2answers
912 views

When to use 'Ich bin', 'es geht mir', 'Ich habe' and 'mir ist'?

If you wanted to translate "I'm hot" into German, like "I'm burning up cause it's hot outside", it would translate to "Ich bin heiß" which has a bad connotation. So it is translated to "Mir ist heiß". ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

“Sich bewerben um” oder “für”?

What is the correct version? sich bewerben um etwas sich bewerben für etwas Are there cases where one or the other is preferable? Please make some examples if there are.
4
votes
2answers
606 views

Of starting and stopping

In English start and stop are pretty much interchangeable with begin and end, although they are usually grouped together in those particular pairs. In German, however, there are many more choices. I ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

Is this the proper use of “welches”?

When I write German for work, I continually try to use new words and phrases I am not yet comfortable with in order to break out of linguistic fossilization. One construct is using "welches" which I ...