Wortauswahl - Choosing the best word out of a list of alternatives.

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3
votes
1answer
2k views

What’s the difference between “möchte”, “will”, “lieber”, “würde”?

Each of the expressions möchte, will, lieber, würde seems to mean I want / I wish / I’d like. For example: Was würden Sie gern essen? Can you help me to understand the difference between them?
39
votes
9answers
43k views

Why is “Fräulein” considered offensive, as opposed to “Frau”?

Does Fräulein imply that the woman being addressed is not fully a Frau? Does it imply a lower class status?
33
votes
7answers
18k views

How to distinguish between a female friend and a girlfriend?

The word Freundin can mean either a girlfriend or a female friend. In some cases, they can be distinguished by using the possessive pronoun to refer to the former: Ich habe mit meiner Freundin (...
3
votes
6answers
7k views

Is there any other way to say “I don't care” in German

Is there any other phrase to express "Das ist mir egal" (I don't care) in German?
29
votes
6answers
14k views

What's the difference in usage between “machen” and “tun”?

Is there any rules or guidelines when to use which one? Du darfst mir nicht sagen, was ich machen soll. or Du darfst mir nicht sagen, was ich tun soll. I find a big overlap in their usage: ...
12
votes
3answers
10k views

Word meaning “to use” – “verwenden”, “anwenden”, “benutzen”, “nutzen”, “gebrauchen”

I understand 5 words to roughly mean to use: verwenden anwenden benutzen nutzen gebrauchen When is one of these preferred to the others? I think that benutzen is the most commonly used of these,...
22
votes
4answers
4k views

How to refer to a woman based on her age?

For example, you wouldn’t use girl for a 40 years old woman or kid for a 20 years old woman (unless you’re far older). Fräulein for single woman between what ages? What is the age range for Mädchen?...
14
votes
3answers
23k views

Singular/Plural bei Aufzählungen

Man betrachte folgende zwei Sätze: Demnach muss nun das Ziel und der Zweck der Regelung ermittelt werden. oder Demnach müssen nun das Ziel und der Zweck der Regelung ermittelt werden. ...
12
votes
4answers
6k views

“wenn” vs “falls”

When should "falls" be preferred to "wenn" in expressing conditional sentences? Also, are the cases in which the use of "falls" (or of "wenn") to translate "if" is unidiomatic or a mistake?
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Words meaning 'thing' - Zeug, Gegenstand, Objekt, Sache, Ding

Is there a difference between 'Gegenstand', 'Sache', 'Ding', and 'Dinge'? covers 3 of the 5 words I've translated as 'thing'. Based on it and a few sources, these are ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

Using “nach” or “zu” for landmarks and similar

I had a little disagreement in my German class the other day regarding the use of nach and zu. We were practicing using nach and I said Ich fahre nach Disneyland. My teacher made this cringy ...
10
votes
7answers
5k views

Is There More Than One German Word For “Free”?

The obvious translation is "frei." But that is the word related to "freedom, right? If I wanted to say "free of charge," I'd use another word, like kostenlos. Or would I? The question comes from ...
7
votes
4answers
6k views

Unterschied zwischen »leihen« und »ausleihen«

Diese Frage wurde auch hier (auf Englisch) beantwortet: Difference between “leihen”, “ausleihen”, and “sich ausleihen” Gibt es einen Unterschied zwischen "leihen" und "ausleihen?" Beide bedeuten "...
6
votes
7answers
50k views

What is the accurate translation of “Best Regards” to finish a letter?

To finish up a letter addressed to a client, I use Best Regards, followed by my signature. I've looked around for a direct translation, and came up with: ┌────────────────────────────────┬───────────...
5
votes
2answers
392 views

Sind »deshalb« und »daher« austauschbar?

Liebe ist eine sehr spezielle Sache, daher verliert sie nicht! Liebe ist eine sehr spezielle Sache, deshalb verliert sie nicht! Was ist der Unterschied dazwischen und wieso? Danke!
3
votes
4answers
441 views

Is there a difference between verbs 'bereisen' & 'reisen'

Recently I heard the verb bereisen which means to tour, travel. I have been using reisen to mean the same. Do these two verbs have the exact same meaning? Is there a context in which one verb fits ...
2
votes
3answers
217 views

Reiz und seine Synonyme

Reiz: 1. äußere oder innere Einwirkung auf den Organismus, z. B. auf die Sinnesorgane, die eine bestimmte, nicht vom Willen gesteuerte Reaktion auslöst 2.a. von jemandem oder einer ...
13
votes
1answer
1k views

Redewendung wenn man an ein fremdes Telefon gehen muss

Im Arbeitsumfeld gibt es üblicherweise mehr oder minder festgelegte Formulierungen die man benutzt, etwas in der Art von Firma Meier, Michael Müller, Apparat von Peter Schmitz hört man öfter. Im ...
10
votes
4answers
504 views

When would one use “Zahl” and when “Anzahl”?

I understand that Zahl represents a single number or figure and can be used in statements like (from Pons): Zahl der Arbeitslosen die Zahl der Besucher Die tatsächliche Zahl der Ebola-...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

What are “Marmelade”, “Konfitüre”, or “Fruchtaufstrich”?

Living in Germany I almost exclusively hear "Marmelade" for any spread made of fruits including "Erdbeermarmelade", "Himbeermarmelade", "Aprikosenmarmelade" and so on. Only rarely I also hear "...
9
votes
2answers
835 views

Wann Drache und wann Drachen?

Wann nehme ich das Wort 'der Drache' und wann 'der Drachen'? Ist es egal oder gibt es einen feinen Unterschied?
8
votes
3answers
246 views

Which spelling is the right one: “deinstallieren” or “desinstallieren”?

Some computer software uninstallers that are localized for German users use the word "deinstallieren" and others "desinstallieren". Which one is the correct one - or are both words right? -- Update ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

“That is the reason why…”

To say That's the reason why he came would Das ist der Grund, warum er gekommen ist. Das ist der Grund, aus dem er gekommen ist. Das ist der Grund, weshalb er gekommen ist. Das ist ...
7
votes
3answers
366 views

Unterschied zwischen “es geht irgendwie” und “es ergeht irgendwie”

Wo liegt der Unterschied zwischen „gehen“ und „ergehen“ in den folgenden Beispielen? Ist „gehen“ in diesem Fall nur der umgangssprachliche Ausdruck für „ergehen“? Wenn nein, wann benutzt man ein Wort ...
7
votes
2answers
273 views

Relative pronouns for time (span)

Hätten Sie am Dienstag zwischen 10-11 etwas Zeit, 'wann'/'wo'/'in der' ich anrufen könnte? Which relative pronoun do I have to use in the question above?
5
votes
2answers
630 views

What is the difference between “schätzen” and “abschätzen”?

The following to sentenses have different meanings Er schätzt sie. Er schätzt sie ab. But looking at Er schätzt die zurückgelegte Strecke auf 5 Kilometer. and Er schätzt, dass er ...
1
vote
3answers
150 views

“hören” or “anhören” for listening to opera

"Wollen wir uns die Oper zusammen ___?" a) hören b) anhören From this dictionary, anhören is used for concerts, while hören is used for singers. So, does both work here, or only "anhören"?
29
votes
6answers
3k views

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen “Worte” und “Wörter”?

Diese Frage wurde auch hier (auf Englisch) beantwortet: die Worte vs die Wörter Wann sagt man „Worte“, wann „Wörter“? Beide sind ein Plural vom Singular „Wort“ und ich nehme an, dass es im ...
12
votes
3answers
3k views

Is there a difference between “anschalten” and “einschalten”

Is there a difference between anschalten and einschalten? If I turn on the TV, oven, heat, start the car etc., can either verb be used?
7
votes
3answers
323 views

Translation of “such that”: “so, dass”?

Consider the following english sentence: A function f: A → B is called surjective if for every b in B, there is some a in A such that f(a) = b. What is the German translation of this sentence? ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

Is there any difference between “laufen” and “rennen”?

This question also has an answer here (in German): Wann benutzt man “laufen” und wann “rennen”? I can’t quite grasp the difference between laufen and rennen. I know they both mean running. In ...
20
votes
2answers
714 views

Is “sitt” really a German word?

Some people use "sitt" to indicate that they are no longer thirsty. It is used in the same way as "satt" if you're no longer hungry. I've also read that this is an artificial word that people are ...
17
votes
12answers
229k views

What are informal ways to say “good bye”?

In German you may say Auf Wiedersehen or Guten Tag when leaving. Both seem rather formal and may be inappropriate in a non-formal context. What would be the alternatives? In what context can we use ...
15
votes
10answers
3k views

Wann benutzt man “laufen” und wann “rennen”?

Diese Frage wurde auch hier (auf Englisch) beantwortet: Is there any difference between “laufen” and “rennen”? Ein Mann geht auf einer Straße. Er muss den Bus nehmen, um zur Arbeit zu kommen. Er ...
13
votes
1answer
670 views

Zweite und dritte Person im gleichen Satz - wonach richtet sich das Verb?

This question also has an answer here (in English): "Paula und ich bin..." or "Paula und ich sind..." Wenn man zwei verschiedene Personen im gleichen Satzteil beschreibt, von denen einer ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

What should I reply for “Sorry” / “Entschuldigung”?

This question also has an answer here (in German): Erwiderung auf eine Entschuldigung? To make it more clear: I am not asking how I should apologize, but how to respond to an apology. I have ...
6
votes
2answers
800 views

How do we define the strength of coffee?

Coffee is the most consumed drink in Germany. No wonder it comes in a huge variety of flavours. However the list of coffee specialities does not say much on the strength of the brew. I heard of ...
5
votes
3answers
8k views

Difference between “Ich möchte” and “Ich hätte gern(e)” and “Ich würde gern(e)”

I don't like phrase books for their original purpose. I prefer to use them to find out different ways to to say the same thing and learn the differences. This brings us to these three... 1 ."Ich ...
4
votes
2answers
344 views

Difference between “bis auf”, “bisher”, and “bis zu”?

My understanding is that they all mean "up to." But could they mean "up to in different contexts, some in time, for instance, and other with regards to space?
13
votes
3answers
4k views

Differences between “obwohl” and “obgleich” and when to use them?

Subordinating conjunctions always seem to raise the most questions for me, specifically in the differences between obwohl and obgleich. The text I am using in my studies states that they both mean "...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

Differences between “Klausur”, “Prüfung” and “Examen”

Is there any differences in usage between Klausur, Prüfung, Examen, Test*, and (Klassen)arbeit*? * Edit: added more synonyms based on answers below.
10
votes
4answers
359 views

Welche Bedeutungen kann das Adjektiv “günstig” haben?

Welche Bedeutungen kann das Adjektiv günstig haben? Wie steht günstig zu billig?
8
votes
2answers
571 views

Unterschied zwischen „Achtung!“ und „Vorsicht!“

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen „Achtung!“ und „Vorsicht!“? Welches Wort sollte man z.B. rufen, wenn man in einer Straße ist und es eine Gefahr gibt, oder wenn jemand den Weg versperrt?
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Using “nötig” vs “notwendig”

What is the difference between "nötig" and "notwendig"? When would one be preferred over the other, or are they always interchangeable?
7
votes
2answers
202 views

Difference between “buchstäblich” and “wortwörtlich”

I am reading a book in which the author uses both the word buchstäblich and the word wortwörtlich alternatively. Looking them up, both mean literally. Is there any significant difference in their ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

How to discuss your graduation?

What is the proper way to talk about your graduation? From high school, Germans have the "Abitur", but would we use the same term for an American high school graduation perhaps? Also, what about ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

What are the differences between “jein” and “naja”?

After reading this related post, I started wondering: what are the differences between jein and naja? I am especially interested in any context(s) where only one of them would be correct or ...
4
votes
4answers
762 views

»Peter hatte angst« – Why do we use »hatte« instead of »war«?

If I translate Peter was afraid with Google Translate, I obtain: Peter hatte angst Why does it use hatte instead of war?
3
votes
3answers
359 views

Is There Another Way to (Poetically) Say “Sie ist schön?”

In one of my translations, I used: "[Deine Mutter] hat Schönheit. The original is a line in Gershwin's Summertime. My translation was: Sommerzeit, und das Leben ist leicht. Fische beissen, wenn ...
1
vote
5answers
6k views

Difference between “vor” and “seit”

I struggle to understand how to use these two words correctly. I cannot grasp their difference. In these next two sentences I can't see any. Ich habe vor einem Monat in Graz gewohnt and Ich ...