Satzstellung - Question on how to structure group of words to fit grammatical rules.

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1answer
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How to use “weil” properly

I want to say: because aerospace is my favorite area/field, therefore... Is there any difference between these two sentences? Weil meine Lieblingsgebiete/felder Luft und Raumfahrt sind, ...
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0answers
29 views

Warum steht das Subjekt manchmal nach dem Objekt? [duplicate]

Manchmal sehe ich diesen besonderen Fall und ich muss mich immer noch fragen, warum das Objekt vor dem Subjekt steht. In anderen Fällen heißt es, dass ein "es" fehlt, z.B. in diesem Satz: Mir wird ...
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1answer
82 views

Is this sentence structure correct? [closed]

Ein anderer Nutzen für man eine Fremdsprache zu lernen ist, damit man Geld sparen kann, weil man für seine Wohnung nicht bezahlen muss. Is the first part correct? Also, is there a substitute for ...
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2answers
79 views

“Ich weiß nicht, wann der Zug abfährt” — Why is “der Zug” not accusative?

I understand "..der Zug abfährt" is an independent clause so it makes sense that it would have its own subject. I would just like to know the name of the rule/sentence structure that allows ...
5
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1answer
76 views

“Kaffee schwarz” or “schwarzer Kaffee”

I’m studying German using the book Berliner Platz and I read in it someone saying: Ich trinke Kaffee schwarz. Shouldn’t schwarz (adjective) go before the noun Kaffee as in Ich trinke ...
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1answer
43 views

Position of adverb in perfect tense

I know the rules of using adverbs in present tense, but I’m not sure how I should use them in perfect tense. For instance, I want to say: I and my friends understood well in school. Then I don’t ...
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1answer
101 views

“Lieben” vs “gefallen”

For the verb lieben, it is close to the English usage for love, e.g.: John loves Mary. -> John liebt Mary. For the verb gefallen, it's rather weird. A dictionary entry for gefallen didn't help ...
3
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2answers
34 views

Wortstellung mit Partikelverben [duplicate]

Warum stellt man das Präfix ein nicht ans Ende? Sie tritt ein für die aus wirtschaftlichen Ursachen zwingend gewordene Schaffung der europäischen Wirtschaftseinheit, für die Bildung der ...
5
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2answers
53 views

“Norminative(Subjekt)”, “Dative”, “Accusative” together cause confusion about the proper word order

In today's German course, we learned the order of "Dative" and "Accusative" after a verb. The four sentences below, 1.1 - 1.4, are correct and have the same logical meaning: 1.1 Frau Schneider ...
3
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1answer
99 views

Position of “gern”

Is there a difference between the placement of gern after the verb and at the end of the sentence? I‘ve seen it done both ways and semantically, it is the same. Examples Ich schwimme gern im ...
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3answers
874 views

How to negate “heimkommen”?

I know that nicht shouldn’t perecede a verb and so how can I say: I am not coming home until seven thirty. I thought about it the following way: Ich komme nicht bis halb acht heim. Because ...
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2answers
94 views

Do I have to state “am Wochenende” in my answer?

So if I am asked the question: Was sollen Sie am Wochenende alles tun? I respond with: Ich soll schwimmen gehen. Where can I put Wochenende in my answer, or don't I need to?
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1answer
31 views

“Was dürfen Sie alles nicht tun?” [closed]

How can one answer this question? So from my understanding the question is asking "What should you not do?". I want to say that I shouldn't go to bed late. How would I say it in German? Ich darf ...
0
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2answers
58 views

Stating that you like to watch a certain TV show [closed]

How can I answer the question “Was für Fernsehprogramme sehen Sie gern?”, if I want to say for example that I like to watch Family Guy. I want to answer using a complete sentence. So can I say the ...
3
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1answer
93 views

How do I say “once a week” vs. “twice (or more) a week”?

I want to answer the question “Wie oft räumen Sie Ihr Zimmer auf?”, saying that I clean my room once a week. I know that I have to put auf at the end of my answer (because it is a separable verb) and ...
1
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1answer
85 views

“Ich gehe abends oft aus.” – where to put “nicht” for negating? [duplicate]

I want to answer the question “Gehen Sie abends oft aus ?” and say that I don’t like to go out at evenings. I am confused where to put nicht in my answer. I know that nicht has to negate oft so it ...
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3answers
82 views

“Ich gehe oft ins Kino aus.” – Where to best place “abends”?

I want to answer the question “Gehen Sie abends oft aus?” saying that I go to the movies (“ins Kino”). Which of the following would I say? Abends gehe ich oft ins Kino aus. Ich gehe abends ...
2
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3answers
79 views

How to answer “Um wie viel Uhr gehen Sie abends ins Bett”?

Can I answer saying: Um Mitternacht gehe ich ins Bett. OR Ich gehe um Mitternacht ins Bett Which one is more idiomatic (more correct) I know that time have to precede ins Bett
3
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2answers
46 views

Verb and object inversion following a comma in a list?

I was looking to translate the following sentence, which describes a state, then lists several actions that are carried out: Exhausted from her perilous flight, she sheds her wings, … I got to ...
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1answer
103 views

Should it be “mit in den Park kommen” or “in den Park mitkommen”?

I would like to know which ones of these sentences are grammatically correct in German: Ich darf meinen Hund in den Park mitnehmen. oder Ich darf meinen Hund mit in den Park nehmen. ...
2
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3answers
285 views

Placement of elements in infinitive constructions

I have trouble with certain kinds of infinitive constructions. For example: John is expected to wake up before 9 tomorrow. I’m confused how you would order everything. Would it look like ...
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1answer
104 views

How to say something like “I trained every day to be a better runner”

How would you say something with this construction? “I did X (in order) to Y”. My thought for the sentence in the title was Jeden Tag trainierte ich ein besserer Läufer zu werden. Does this ...
4
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1answer
64 views

Objektposition im Fragesatz

Ich bin vor Kurzem gefragt worden, warum in den folgenden Fragesätzen das Objekt seine Position wechseln kann: Kann mir jemand mit den Matheaufgaben helfen? Kann jemand mir mit den ...
2
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1answer
112 views

Word order in composite sentence?

I need to translate the following sentence into German: It depends on the weather, whether we will ski tomorrow or not. using the following word-combination Es hängt ab von … I think that ...
4
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1answer
137 views

Position of the adverb “auch”

In the following sentence, where is the right position for the adverb auch? Is it possible to place it at the end of the sentence like in English? Sie behauptet, dass sie keinen Alkohol mehr ...
9
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1answer
96 views

Trennbare Verbpräfixe inmitten des Satzes

Wird ein trennbares Verb in einem Satz verwendet, so steht ja bekanntlich das abgetrennte Präfix am Ende des Satzes, z.B.: weggehen: Wir gehen heute Abend zusammen weg. vorziehen: Er zieht die Jacke ...
2
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4answers
100 views

Angabe und Ergänzungen

Die Regel lautet, dass eine Dativ-Ergänzung vor/nach einer temporalen Angabe stehen soll und Akkusativ-Ergänzungen vor einer lokalen Angabe. Wenn ich das richtig verstehe, gilt die Regel nur für die ...
3
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1answer
65 views

Which prepositional phrase should come first?

In English, I want to say: There is no train to return home after arriving at the airport Is the following sentence the most direct translation in German? Es gibt keine Zugverbindung nach ...
7
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3answers
271 views

Position von “mir” in “Es ist mir nicht schwer, vorzustellen”

(a) Es ist mir nicht schwer, vorzustellen, wie viel Schwierigkeit er während seiner Krankheit gehabt haben muss. (b) Es ist nicht schwer, mir vorzustellen, wie viel Schwierigkeit er während ...
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2answers
75 views

Does the Hauptsatz of a Relativsatz follow the same rules of verb placement as a regular sentence?

Here’s the sentence I was making: Können Sie jemanden in München empfehlen, der diesen Wasserfilter installieren kann? For some reason, the Hauptsatz doesn’t feel right to me – is it?
2
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2answers
65 views

Can the subject in inverted word order be not right after the verb?

As I have learned when you want to emphasis an element that's not the subject you put it in the first position, then put the object right after the verb. Normally it's the adverbial phrase which is ...
2
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0answers
169 views

The word “dann” often takes first position in a normal statement sentence, is it inversion? [closed]

I noticed when a sentence or clause starts with dann, then the subject is inverted. But I don't know if German uses it in that way to emphasis the time or if it's an exception of the language. Is ...
1
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1answer
98 views

What is the proper phrasing of this sentence?

I'm looking for help with a translation of the German portion of the text in this image: The best I could do was: "This fragment is therefore of great interest because it the shorter end of the ...
3
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3answers
118 views

Most natural position of adverb in dependent clause

I'm trying to figure out what the most natural position for an adverb in a dependent clause is. For example, which of these two options is more natural? Ich studiere Deutsch, damit ich Sprachen ...
4
votes
1answer
102 views

When does a verb come second?

I know that if a sentence or a clause starts with some ancillary word, like 'jetzt' or 'heute', then the verb comes second. I'm interested to know all such cases. In particular: Während sie aßen, ...
6
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2answers
149 views

Warum »Alice, fing an sich zu langweilen« und nicht »Alice, fing sich zu langweilen an«?

Ich habe eine Frage. Ich habe angefangen, das Buch Alice im Wunderland zu lesen. Auf der ersten Seite steht folgender Satz: Alice, fing an sich zu langweilen; […] Meine Frage ist: Warum nicht ...
5
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1answer
104 views

Putting (part of) separable verb at beginning of sentence?

Diese Frage wurde hier auch (auf Deutsch) beantwortet: Trennbare Verben und Wortstellung I was doing some grammar exercises, one of which involved putting highlighted parts of a ...
2
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1answer
80 views

Ist »mit ihren Freunden« eine Dativergänzung?

I want to build a Sentence with: Julia - will - machen - einen Ausflug an den Bodensee - mit ihren Freunden if Mit ihren Freunden is a Dativergänzung, then my sentence would be: Julia will mit ...
2
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0answers
21 views

Position of Non-finite verb forms [duplicate]

As I see, when using a verb compound, the helping verb should always be placed in the second position of the sentence while the non-finite verb form (or the main/second verb) usually at the end, but ...
2
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2answers
68 views

Question about word order

Which is correct to say: Mit großem Interesse habe ich in Ihrer Zeitung vom 10. Juni die Meldung über Umweltschutz gelesen, und deshalb möchte ich Ihnen schreiben. or Mit großem Interesse ...
3
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2answers
104 views

How to properly use ‘sich aufmachen’

When you are using sich aufmachen in the sense of going out or heading out, is this treated as a standard separable prefix verb? I’ve only seen it used as such: Ich mache mich auf ins Studio. ...
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2answers
1k views

“gern” and “nicht gern” position

These three sentences are taken from German learning books. Ich esse gern Gemüse. Ich esse nicht gern Gemüse. Ich mag Gemüse nicht (so) gern. Why is "nicht gern" placed right after the verb in "2" ...
2
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2answers
512 views

Fernsehen verb usage practice in a sentence

During the German class, we studied that the verb fernsehen (to watch TV) should be conjugated as ich sehe fern, du siehst fern, etc. I want to translate the sentence I watch TV on evenings to ...
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1answer
137 views

What rules should one follow building German sentences? [closed]

What general rules can describe the word order in German sentences? I know the basic ones, but I feel confused every time I’ve got to build anything more complex than Ich tue etwas It would be ...
0
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2answers
222 views

Platzierung des Wortes „nicht“ im Satz

Warum sind A1 und B1 anstelle von A2 und B2 richtig? A1. Die Bevölkerung ist meistens nicht kritisch (richtig) A2. Die Bevölkerung ist meistens kritisch nicht   B1. Die Fans haben nicht mit ...
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2answers
563 views

Is putting an adverbial after the non-finite verb okay?

Roman muss zurückfahren nach Basel. Blinder Passagier, Andrea Maria Wagner Aren’t verbs combined with modal verbs supposed to be placed at the very end of the clause? I would have said Roman ...
2
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2answers
82 views

Use of ‘und’ in Nebensatz

Which sentence is correct? Which is the word order if we have two subordinate clauses that are connected with und? I know that after und there is no change in place like in a subordinate clause but I ...
3
votes
2answers
149 views

How can we approach translating complex sentences with multiple verbs or objects?

I am writing a German oral for school and am trying to add the sentence My parents will not allow me to watch TV. However one site said I should write it Meine Eltern werden mich nicht zu ...
3
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3answers
122 views

Any flexibility in the predicate word order here? Multiple prepositions

In Wilhelm Müller's Winterreise, we have the line: Eine Krähe war mit mir aus der Stadt gezogen. (This is not the full sentence of the original, but if I'm not mistaken, it is capable of ...
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1answer
459 views

Einkaufen gehen + gern, the right word order in the sentence

In German, there are a lot of ways to tell «I like to go shopping». I'm interesting how to say this sentence using the verb einkaufen gehen and the form gern. What is the right word order? Should it ...