Satzstellung - Question on how to structure group of words to fit grammatical rules.

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29
votes
3answers
3k views

Where is exactly the position of “nicht” in the sentence?

A question came to my mind while I was reading a conversation in German: Ich bin krank, Ich kann nicht einkaufen. Ich kann nicht mit Jonas zum Arzt gehen. Ich kann Anna nicht in den ...
5
votes
2answers
8k views

When to use “gibt es” and “es gibt”, respectively?

Being new to German, I am not properly affiliated with the correct grammatical use of gibt es and es gibt. All I know is that they both mean there is in English. So in what scenarios do I use each one ...
8
votes
4answers
5k views

Verb inversion with adverbs used at the beginning

I know that when adverbs are used in the first position, at the beginning of the sentence, the verb and subject position in German is inverted, such as in these examples with adverbs of place and ...
3
votes
2answers
267 views

Verb order with multiple secondary sentences

Is this sentence correct in terms of verb order? And if not what would be correct and why? Ich wusste nicht, dass wir die Möglichkeit haben, ein Artefakt mit anderen Kollegen mitzubenutzen, die ...
1
vote
1answer
206 views

Positioning subordinate clauses and verbs in sentences with subordinate clauses

I know that a finite verb should be put in the second position and a non-finite verb should be positioned at the end of a main clause, while in a subordinate clause the finite verb should in the last ...
14
votes
4answers
5k views

What is the proper position of “gern”?

For example, which of these is correct: Ich esse gern Pizza or Ich esse Pizza gern
5
votes
2answers
348 views

When to use “ist es” and when “es ist”? [duplicate]

I am currently learning German and I am having a bit of trouble with word order, especially with the two words es and ist. For example, contrast the following sentences: Es ist eine Katze. ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

Word order with “so” and “also”

I want to say "So, I still don't understand this. Why did you do it that way?" I think the two most appropriate words for "so" are the German so and also. But I'm not sure about the word ordering. ...
13
votes
4answers
3k views

Where to place “Bitte” in a sentence

As far as I know, many languages have no rules for the place of "please" in the sentence. In German, seems it's not the same. Is it right to use "bitte" at the beginning or at the end of each ...
5
votes
2answers
91 views

Word ordering in subclause “die Sache wäre entschieden gewesen”

From Der Spiegel: Andererseits bleibt das Spiel durch Prags Halbherzigkeit offen; hätten die Kommunisten etwa die Wasserversorgung der Vertretung mit Hinweis auf einen "technischen Defekt" ...
5
votes
4answers
103 views

Can the indirect pronoun go before the subject?

I often see sentences like Allerdings ist mir der Begriff nicht total unbekannt or Hier werden euch neue Ideen präsentiert I know the rule that an indirect object pronoun always goes ...
4
votes
1answer
80 views

Word order for subclause with double infinitive “lassen” in past tense

Ich bin froh, dass du mich das Auto waschen lassen hast. Es hat mir viel Spaß gemacht! Is the ordering of "waschen lassen hast" correct, or does it need to be "hast waschen lassen"? I wanted to ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

Word order for “los” in “Was ist denn hier los?”

This quote, like many that I mention, is from the film "Der Untergang." "Was ist denn hier los?" My question is why "hier" comes before "los" and not the other way around? Please provide an example ...
3
votes
2answers
55 views

Ordering of “John und ich” or “er und ich”

(a1) John und ich haben uns gestritten. (a2) Ich und John haben uns gestritten. (b1) Er und ich haben uns gestritten. (b2) Ich und er haben uns gestritten. Which sentences are ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Order of the “aber” in the sentence

Someone wrote me this sentence (a native speaker): Mein Deutsch ist aber noch nicht so gut. Shoudn't "aber" stay in the beginning of the sentence? Like: Aber mein Deutsch ist noch nicht so ...
3
votes
1answer
157 views

On word order in this type of context

If I want to say, I want to show it to you, do I say, Ich will dir es zeigen, or, Ich will es dir zeigen? Which is the grammatically correct word order? (I'm mainly interested in how the formal ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Sentence structure tips: verb placement

I'm having some trouble getting used to placing the second verb in a phrase at the end. Sie kann sehr gut deutsch sprechen Taking the above sentence as an example, I find it hard to read ...
2
votes
3answers
97 views

“Ich weiß es erscheint seltsam” - is the word order correct?

Does erscheint go to the end of the clause, or does it switch places with es to be the second idea?
2
votes
1answer
229 views

Verbal idea: a call for examples

This website presents a very good explanation of the verbal idea and it's effect on word order in German: http://www.dartmouth.edu/~german/Grammatik/WordOrder/WordOrder.html. However, there are not ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Position of relative clause

I have this part of a sentence: ... deswegen hatte ich ein paar Worte geschrieben, über was ich machen kann. That syntax makes more sense, or that: ... deswegen hatte ich ein paar Worte, ...