Wortgebrauch - Questions on usages in German language.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

10
votes
2answers
20k views

When to use “gibt es” and “es gibt”, respectively?

Being new to German, I am not properly affiliated with the correct grammatical use of gibt es and es gibt. All I know is that they both mean there is in English. So in what scenarios do I use each one ...
2
votes
2answers
179 views

Jemand, der diskriminiert, ist ein …?

Wie nennt man jemanden, der diskriminiert? „Diskriminator“ vielleicht?
4
votes
2answers
116 views

Usage of “pro Tag” and “am Tag”

I am trying to write a conversation between a doctor and his patient for an assignment. I'd like for the doctor to ask the patient about how much sleep he gets in a day. Here are my attempts: Wie ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

German equivalent of “to do something about”?

There doesn't seem to be a translation on dict.cc. Is there a German equivalent of this phrase, or would you just have to use another verb or rephrase it in some way? For example, You really ...
4
votes
2answers
356 views

What does “in den Fokus rücken” mean?

I am trying to find out what the collocation "in den Fokus rücken" means. - move the focus? - to be at the center of attention? - become the focus? I am really not sure. I am especially wondering, ...
11
votes
3answers
243 views

What is understood by Inbetriebnahme with regard to machinery?

Do Germans understand the word "Inbetriebnahme" to simply mean getting a system up and running at any point, or does it specifically mean getting a system up and running for the first time only?
4
votes
1answer
647 views

Woher kommt die fragende Antwort “Okay?”?

Schon lange wird "okay" für "abgemacht, einverstanden, in Ordnung" in der deutschen Umgangssprache verwendet. Neuerdings hört man aber zunehmend "okay" als Frage formuliert, mit einer mir noch ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

“Sorglich” im allgemeinen Sprachgebrauch

Gesehen heute Morgen auf einem LKW: Spedition xxx: Sorglich und sanft Ist denn sorglich noch ein akzeptiertes Wort im allgemeinen Sprachgebrauch? Benutzt das jemand? Oder hatte die Spedition nur ...
4
votes
2answers
112 views

Kann man »weder noch« so benutzen?

Kann man weder noch so benutzen? Meine Frau hat in Jordanien weder Verwandte noch sind ihr Lebensunterhalt und Unterkunft gesichert."
3
votes
2answers
730 views

What are “bad dreams” called and which verbs are associated with it in German?

Over at ELL, I've opened a question about bad dream i.e. nightmares. English doesn't see a nightmare but it uses it with the verbs have and be (as in: it was a nightmare). I would like to know how it ...
2
votes
2answers
92 views

die Bekleidung und die Kleidung

I know that die Kleidung is derived from kleiden by removing -en and adding ung. Therefore, I expect die Bekleidung is derived from bekleiden. However, it seems that this word is not so common. I ...
6
votes
4answers
314 views

run-on sentence

What is a proper German translation for the term "run-on sentence?" I found Band­wurm­satz, but Duden notes that this is scherzhaft, abwertend. Is there a professional word for the concept that could ...
5
votes
2answers
179 views

Academic titles in Germany

When addressing a female university professor, is the title Univ.-Prof. Dr. phil. XYZ used in academic circles? Is it the same as Frau Prof. Dr. XYZ?
3
votes
1answer
63 views

Are “Sprachaneignung” and “Spracherwerb” synonymous?

I am studying language teaching at university in a German speaking country. I was wondering if "Sprachaneignung" and "Spracherwerb" are synonymous or if there are some differences in usage or meaning ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Entgegengesetzt als Adjektiv

Zum ersten mal habe ich das Adjektiv "entgegengesetzt" an einer Haltestelle gesehen. Da stand so etwas wie "Bushaltestelle befindet sich 100 Meter in entgegengesetzter Richtung". Seitdem versuche ich ...
2
votes
3answers
181 views

Worin unterscheiden sich eine Kathedrale, eine Kirche und ein Dom?

Diese Frage wurde auch hier (auf Englisch) beantwortet: What is the difference between "Dom", "Kathedrale" and "Münster" Eine Kathedrale zum Beispiel wird ...
11
votes
3answers
11k views

Unterschied zwischen “das Hühnchen” und “das Hähnchen”

Was ist das Unterschied zwischen "das Hühnchen" und "das Hähnchen"? Ich habe oft in den Menus deutscher Restaurants das Wort "Hähnchen" gesehen, aber ich weiß nicht, ob dieses Wort ein Synonym für "...
14
votes
2answers
3k views

Why do we still use “Sie” even if the context is disrespectful?

One thing about German language bothers me since ever. As far as I know you still use "Sie" even if the context is disrespectful. For example: "Sie sind ein Arschloch!" ("You are an asshole!") ...
11
votes
2answers
320 views

What is the neutral and the male word for 'Hausfrau'?

I think the male word is Hausmann. But what is the overall, neutral word?
4
votes
5answers
150 views

Was bedeutet „enttäuschungsfest“?

Ich habe den Begriff in einer Vorlesung gehört und er kommt auch in diesem Zeit-Artikel vor. Ich habe zwar Vermutungen, aber da ich den Begriff nirgendwo anders finden kann und er auch nicht im Duden ...
11
votes
2answers
8k views

Menschen vs Leute

Is the same to say Menschen and Leute? When are they exchangeable? I've heard that if you know the people you use one of this words, but I don't know which. (And I don't know if what I've heard is ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

What is the meaning of “Vom Typus her streng”? [closed]

I've read this word while searching the meaning of a preposition here But it was another confusing word to me, could you please explain, if you're exprerienced, what does it mean? Vom Typus her ...
1
vote
4answers
103 views

Wann wird der Ausdruck »am Herd stehen« verwendet?

Ich habe eigentlich diesen Ausdruck auf der Webseite Wiktionary gefunden, aber leider wurde er nicht in einem Satz verwendet. Ich werde einen damit bilden, aber ich weiß nicht, ob er sinnvoll sein ...
66
votes
8answers
7k views

How to use “doch”

I know "doch" is used to contradict a negative statement: A: Das ist nicht wahr. B: Doch! It's a great word for this usage and some languages really lack this word. But, I found it hard to ...
-1
votes
1answer
72 views

What's the difference between “gelingen” and “gelangen”? [closed]

What are the differences between gelingen and gelangen? I am confused about the usage differences between to succeed and to reach.
-1
votes
1answer
334 views

When to use Jahren or Jahre? [closed]

When we say how old we are we use 'jahre', i.e. 'Ich bin zwei Jahre alt.' So when do we ever use 'Jahren'?
8
votes
4answers
6k views

What does the word “Schickimicki” mean?

I have seen and heard the word many many times but every time I ask "Was bedeutet Schickimicki?" they don't give a conclusive answer. I just saw it on the journal Zeit and just thought I didn't know ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Ist das Wort “Ungleichnis” zulässig? [duplicate]

Das Wort Gleichnis lässt sich im Duden zwar nachschlagen, Ungleichnis jedoch nicht. Meinem Gefühl nach würde ich sagen, dass Ungleichnis ein valides deutsches Wort ist. Meine Frage lautet also, ob dem ...
1
vote
4answers
207 views

Is this usage of 'zu' correct?

Eine andere Sprache zu sprechen, ist eine beeindruckende Fähigkeit zu haben. I want to say: Speaking another language is an impressive skill to have. I’m not sure if speaking another language ...
6
votes
3answers
7k views

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen “worden” und “geworden”

Laut Canoo.net ist das Partizip von werden entweder worden oder geworden. Gibt es einen Unterschied zwischen den beiden? Kann man immer geworden benutzen, oder gibt es Fälle, in denen geworden falsch ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Why is 'Zur' used in these sentences?

From a german magazine, "Der Trend zur stylishen Kopfbedeckung aber bleibt." I don't understand why zur is used there. What is it's meaning in the sentence? The trend to the stylish headgear... Does ...
20
votes
3answers
11k views

How to use “hier”, “dort” and “da” properly in German?

In English "here" and "there" are typical pairs to indicate space and distance. The same is true of Hungarian ("itt" and "ott"). But in German it's a bit different: I have seen "da" many times in ...
8
votes
5answers
382 views

“Penner” as an insult?

I'm studying German, but I'm fairly new to it - could anybody explain to me what does "Penner" mean, and how it is used in general? I know it does refer to a homeless person, but I often find it ...
7
votes
2answers
199 views

Warum wird eine “Karotte” regional als “Gelbe Rübe” bezeichnet?

Gestern wurde hier nach dem Unterschied zwischen einer Karotte und einer Möhre gefragt. Beim Lesen der Antworten fiel mir auf, dass dort die Bezeichnung "Gelbe Rübe" erwähnt wurde, welche ich bis dato ...
6
votes
2answers
146 views

»Wer nicht vorwärts geht, der kommt zurücke«. Woher kommt das »e«?

Wer nicht vorwärts geht, der kommt zurücke. Ich habe diese Zitate von Goethe gesehen und ich wollte fragen, warum der Buchstabe »e« am Ende des Wortes »zurücke« steht? Was ist der Unterschied ...
6
votes
2answers
209 views

Is “Parameter” in German more widely/commonly understood as “setting” in English?

I'm building a user interface for a program which connects to some external device. Among other things, the UI displays certain values being reported by the device, which in English I've grouped under ...
3
votes
2answers
118 views

How to say abstract “this”?

I know dies is generally used to say this when referring to a noun. But what about if I want to say something like "This is ridiculous!" or "This is my story". Is there a German equivalent of ...
4
votes
1answer
53 views

»versichern vor« oder »versichern gegen«

I have seen those two forms and I can’t decide which use is correct. Unser neue Wagen ist [vor/gegen] Diebstahl versichert Which of the prepositions below suits the sentence best?
1
vote
2answers
129 views

“How to” construction in German

In English, there is the construction how to + [infinitive], e.g. in: I don't know how to do such and such thing. How to this and that is a different matter. How to win friends and ...
17
votes
2answers
2k views

“To tell” in German

I’ve come across the following verbs: erzählen, verraten, and sagen, which all mean ‘to tell’. What’s the difference between them?
39
votes
5answers
3k views

What is the difference in usage between “Möhre” and “Karotte”?

I've been doing a bit of German practice and encountered the words Möhre and Karotte. Supposedly, they both mean carrot, but I can’t see where these would differ in usage. Any ideas?
9
votes
1answer
122 views

Schrieb man früher “Beet” statt “Bett”?

Im folgenden interessanten Text von Heine (vielleicht weniger bekannt als Die Lorelei) schreibt er: Ich habe die friedlichste Gesinnung. Meine Wünsche sind: eine bescheidene Hütte, ein ...
3
votes
2answers
166 views

Zutritt verboten

When I was in Germany, I saw many signs saying Zutritt verboten. I understand what it means, but why do they write it this way instead of Dir ist nicht erlaubt eintreten! or something ...
6
votes
3answers
375 views

Why is “Close the door.” translated to “Tür zu.”?

How does the meaning of "Close the door." come from "Tür zu."? I get that Tür means door. But how does zu mean close? I thought zu means to or too, and I can't fathom what I'm not understanding.
4
votes
2answers
291 views

Usage of “gleich” and “nur”

What is the difference between gleich and nur? Do they both mean just? For example, consider the translation of "I am coming back in just 2 minutes". Ich komme nur in 2 Minuten zurück. Ich ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

Why is “umwehten” used instead of “umwehte” in this Kafka text?

Below is a quote from Kafkas Die Verwandlung (boldface mine). Er fühlte ein leichtes Jucken oben auf dem Bauch; schob sich auf dem Rücken langsam näher zum Bettpfosten, um den Kopf besser heben zu ...
6
votes
2answers
171 views

What's the difference between “ausführen” and “durchführen”?

I don't understand the difference between durchführen and ausführen. I understand that both mean to conduct, to execute, to perform. At my workplace I often hear "Ich habe dieses Skript ausgeführt", ...
11
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the reason why the translation of “Speed” is “Geschwindigkeit”?

I am not a native speaker of German and I’ve been learning the language for some months. Recently, I read some texts about cars and I noticed the word Geschwindigkeit, which means speed in English. ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Does German have a word for “thing” [duplicate]

In English you can use the word thing if you don't know the word you're looking for, or if you want to be inexact. For example, if I forgot the word for key in German (Schlüssel), I might want to say ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

Usage of “an/nach/anhand etwas erkennen”

Ich kann meine Freunde nach ihren Stimmen erkennen. Ich kann meine Freunde anhand der Stimmen erkennen. Ich kann meine Freunde an den Stimmen erkennen. Haben die Präpositionen dieselbe ...