3
votes
2answers
2k views

Written vs. Spoken German

Some teachers (and their books) are used to emphasize that there are certain structures used in "written German". For instance, I was told that Präteritum is rather used in texts and not so common in ...
1
vote
2answers
299 views

Associate the possessive adjective to a neutral noun

You want to associate the possessive adjective to the possessor (noun). If you have a masculine noun, you use sein/seine/sein If the possessor is feminine, you use ihr/ihre/ihr What about ...
5
votes
2answers
323 views

Chatty expression in German

There are chatty expressions in English, like in the middle of a conversation someone says: [Getting angry] Does it work the same in German? as in [sauer werden] Or such a thing isn't ...
5
votes
1answer
254 views

Präteritum of “sein” in Southern dialects

As in Southern dialects the Präteritum or Mitvergangenheit is often dropped in favor of the perfect tense, I was wondering about some things regarding the "i wår" (apparently the Präteritum of "sein") ...
5
votes
1answer
684 views

Ist “verunmöglichen” Standarddeutsch?

Ist das Wort "verunmöglichen" als Gegensatz von "ermöglichen" Standarddeutsch? Bin darüber schon mehrfach gestolpert, aber das Wort "fühlt" sich irgendwie schräg an.
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Regel für Abtrennung des Vornamens vom vorangestellten Nachnamen

Wo steht die Regel, dass der vorangestellte Nachname vom nachfolgend geschriebenen Vornamen durch ein Komma getrennt wird?
2
votes
1answer
94 views

What is the proper current tense?

I have two sentences which in my eyes mean the same, but I don't know which one is the proper current tense is in German. Zahlung information aktualisieren, I think this means, Refreshing payment ...
5
votes
1answer
409 views

Wie entstand aus “Sicht” die “Zuversicht”?

Schon länger frage ich mich, wie man die Etymologie von "Zuversicht" erkärt. Im Duden wird knapp aufgeführt mittelhochdeutsch zuoversiht, althochdeutsch zuofirsiht Duden und auch das ...
14
votes
6answers
14k views

How should we apologize in German?

The most common phrase in german phrase book for apology would be es tut mir leid or tut mir leid to mean "it does me suffering". From the questions on the difference between "entschuldigen" or "...
3
votes
3answers
227 views

Nummerierung im Text

Welche der folgenden Schreibweisen ist richtig? A) Das 8. Bit wird gesetzt. B) Das 8te Bit wird gesetzt. C) Das 8-te Bit wird gesetzt. D) Das achte Bit wird gesetzt. Im Duden habe ich folgendes ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Is the word “Wissenschaft” broader than “science”?

In my German class we were asked to deliver a little "Vortrag über ein wissenschaftliches Thema". I was surprised when more than the half of the students talked about themes which, in English, cannot ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

When is it necessary to use the definite article?

I have the sentence People search the truth in science meaning that people want science to seek the truth. I don't know why but in English you don't use any article here before "people". Is it ...
7
votes
2answers
497 views

Was bedeutet “gerne” nach einem Verb in der Befehlsform?

Ich weiss schon, was "gerne" nach einem Verb im Indikativ bedeutet, aber was heisst es, wenn es nach einem Verb in der Befehlsform steht? z.B. Ich esse gern Pizza = I like to eat pizza aber ...
4
votes
2answers
286 views

“to make faces” = “Gesichter machen”?

In English we talk about "making faces," "making funny faces," etc. Is this expressed the same way in German? E.g.: Das Baby macht lustige Gesichter, wenn es ein großes Geschäft in die Windel ...
1
vote
2answers
139 views

What is the relative position of complements when there's a time adverb?

Imagine that your mother tells you a story often. What would you say? Meine Mutter erzählte sie mir oft. Meine Mutter erzählte oft sie mir. I know that the temporal complement should go ...
4
votes
2answers
115 views

Vergessen = “to forget” AND “to forget about”?

Kann man irgendwie auf eine Weise "forget about" sagen, die sich von einfach "vergessen" unterscheidet? z.B.: Mach dir keine Sorgen, Kleines! Wir haben dich nicht vergessen! (gesagt zu einem ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Difference between “Kind”and “Jugend” [duplicate]

I am interested in not only the literal but the figurative differences between "Kind" and "Jugend" Thanks for your input!
2
votes
2answers
259 views

Can the accusative be in the first position in a sentence?

How would you translate the simple sentence: We write a long letter for our grandfather and a short one for our uncle? I tried as: Wir schreiben unserem Grossvater einen langen Brief, einen ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Was genau bedeutet “Akademiker”?

Ich habe einen Artikel gelesen, aber ich wusste nicht genau was Akademiker bedeutet. Ist es jemand, der einen Hochschulabschluss geschafft hat? Oder jemand, der einen Doktortitel erhält?
2
votes
2answers
949 views

Are German people always sure about the declension of a noun?

Talking about masculine nouns, German has the three categories weak/strong/mixed. Then the strong one is divided into three classes for the plural. A noun is placed into a particular category/class ...
2
votes
5answers
2k views

Meaning of “einmal” as adverb

I've commonly heard the particle einmal as an adverb. Does it have a real meaning or is it just bitte? Situations where I have heard of it: By receiving an object Einmal deinen Ausweis, oder, ...
10
votes
4answers
5k views

What is the difference between “versuchen” and “probieren”?

According to my Collins dictionary, both versuchen and probieren mean to try. Are they synonyms?
1
vote
1answer
164 views

Why isn't the adjective declined just as the corresponding noun is? [closed]

Adjectives are divided into three classes according to the presence/absence of an article. But I don't understand why a certain adjective does not simply take the ending of the noun it refers to or ...
3
votes
2answers
268 views

German term for 'Frenemy'?

Has a German term for the English word frenemy been developed? I found a definition through Google: Eine Person, die nur vorgibt ein Freund zu sein. I would say this is accurate, however I'm ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

“Mindestens” vs “zumindest”. Gibt es einen Unterschied?

Im Internet gibt es keinen klaren Unterschied dazwischen, aber meine Lehrerin hat mich mehrmals dafür verbessert (und danach habe ich den Unterschied wieder vergessen). Könnt ihr bitte auch ein paar ...
4
votes
1answer
151 views

Equivalent to “Deutschamerikaner” for Americans living in Germany?

Wikipedia states: German Americans (German: Deutschamerikaner) are citizens of the United States who were either born in Germany or are of German ancestry. Is there an equivalent German ...
5
votes
3answers
576 views

Hinfallen, hinunterfallen vs. herunterfallen

Diese Frage wurde von einer Frage inspiriert, die ich vor kurzem zu den Verben fallen und stürzen gestellt habe. Jemand hat erwähnt, dass in einem gewissen Zusammenhang herunterfallen besser passt ...
3
votes
4answers
523 views

What is the difference between “fallen” and “stürzen”?

What is the difference between these two words for "fall"? On a website I read the following: Halten Sie das Baby immer so sicher, daß es auf keinen Fall stürzen kann. Would the word "fallen" ...
1
vote
2answers
300 views

“Aufheben” vs. “aufnehmen” for picking something up

I want to say, "I pick the baby up off the floor," but I'm having trouble deciding whether aufheben or aufnehmen is the correct word. Ich nehme das Baby vom Boden auf or Ich hebe das Baby ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

What are the differences between “jein” and “naja”?

After reading this related post, I started wondering: what are the differences between jein and naja? I am especially interested in any context(s) where only one of them would be correct or ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Why is the -ow in place names pronounced the way it is?

This question also has an answer here (in German): Die Aussprache der Endung -ow Travelling in the northeast of Germany, I have noticed that there are a lot of place names ending in -ow, but it is ...
6
votes
3answers
716 views

As someone learning German, what should I put on my flash cards for each part of speech?

What should I put on my German flash cards in order to know everything I'll need to know about that word? For example, I know for nouns I need to make sure to learn the gender and plural forms, since ...
12
votes
4answers
6k views

Usage of “zwar”

Can anyone explain how the word zwar is generally used? I see it a lot and it doesn't seem like it usually translates very well into English, if at all. Here's an example sentence: Frage: Hat ...
14
votes
2answers
524 views

Jein - a regionalism or the German-wide jargon?

I'm currently in Bavaria and I often hear the word jein, which means that answer could be either yes or no, depending what aspects are taken into account: Hast du das schon gemacht? Jein. Es ...
1
vote
1answer
4k views

Warum sagt man “letzte Woche” aber “in der letzten Woche”? [duplicate]

Warum gibt es einen Unterschied im Wort "letzte"?
5
votes
2answers
373 views

Anything better than “weltweit” for “All over the world”?

I would like to say something like, "You have really lived all over the world!" ...like in response to someone saying they've been to many different countries. I did a Google search for this and ...
2
votes
3answers
6k views

How to say “I come from Beijing, China” in German?

I am learning German now, I just learned how to say "where do you come from?" in German. I can say "I come from Beijing, China" in English, and I may say "Ich komme aus Beijing. Ich komme aus China." ...
6
votes
2answers
643 views

Welchen Fall benutzt man mit Phrasen wie “last year”?

Zum Beispiel im englischen Satz "Last year I visited Germany.", welchen Fall benutzt man? Letztes Jahr habe ich Deutschland besucht. Letztem Jahr habe ich Deutschland besucht. Ich glaube ...
2
votes
2answers
557 views

Artikel vs Artikelwort

Most grammars of German only call the definite and indefinite articles by the term "Artikel". This appears as utter nonsense to me, and I wonder whether someone can explain to me the reason for this ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

How to say “to check the mail”?

I did a Google search for this and all of the hits related to checking one's e-mail. Can anyone tell me how to say "to check the mail" correctly in German? I think I've seen prüfen used for "to ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Usage of “vereinzelt” / Bedeutung von “vereinzelt”

In diesem Video (10:05) spricht der Altkanzler Helmut Schmidt. Wenn ich richtig verstanden habe: Wenn man sich die Gemeinschaft der Europäer [ EU-Länder ] vorstellt, als eine die in der Eurozone ...
5
votes
2answers
286 views

Das Wort “ich” in offiziellen Schreiben

Sollte man einen Anfang wie z.B. "Ich, <Name>, geboren in ..., bestätige dass ..." vermeiden? Gibt es bessere Alternativen statt "ich", die öfter verwendet werden, z.B. "Unterschreiber" oder ...
7
votes
2answers
273 views

Relative pronouns for time (span)

Hätten Sie am Dienstag zwischen 10-11 etwas Zeit, 'wann'/'wo'/'in der' ich anrufen könnte? Which relative pronoun do I have to use in the question above?
7
votes
2answers
1k views

The pronoun “derer”

Wiktionary says it's the genitive, plural of "der" (which I thought was "deren"). I'm not only unsure how to use "derer" but also, what does it mean. Duden doesn't say too much either. Can somebody ...
2
votes
2answers
152 views

“Strahlen” vs “Strahler”

I was searching for company names, and reached to a German word 'Strahlen' through Google. As per Google it meant 'rays'. I need a suggestion that, what is the exact meaning of 'Strahlen' and '...
6
votes
1answer
313 views

When speaking about oneself, should Konjunktiv I or Indikativ be used?

I was reading about the use of Konjunktiv I, and read that it is really only used by reporters. However, this got me thinking, if I were a reporter, and I were talking about something I said, would ...
5
votes
1answer
699 views

What's the meaning of 'erl'?

"Erlkönig" (also called "Der Erlkönig") is a poem by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. By wiki I know that the word könig means 'king', but what's the meaning of erl? Is it devil, elf, or genie?
6
votes
1answer
652 views

Position der Konjuktion “aber”

Könnten Sie mir mit einem Beispiel helfen? Das ist die Aufgabe: Wo kann "aber" im Satz stehen? Tom liebt Torte, (a) er (b) muss (c) auf seine Gewicht achten. Ich denke, dass "aber" nur an den ...
10
votes
1answer
161 views

Apostrophe with or without space? (»mit’m« vs. »mit ’m«)

In § 97 of the Amtliches Regelwerk (2006) (PDF) it says: Man kann den Apostroph setzen, wenn Wörter gesprochener Sprache mit Auslassungen bei schriftlicher Wiedergabe undurchsichtig sind. As ...
1
vote
2answers
521 views

How do you say “over the hump” in German?

Google translate gives "über den Berg", which seems wrong. It translated "hump" as "mountain," but "hump" is a small obstacle, not a large one. The context was a comment I left on a post, If you ...

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