6
votes
1answer
484 views

Position der Konjuktion “aber”

Könnten Sie mir mit einem Beispiel helfen? Das ist die Aufgabe: Wo kann "aber" im Satz stehen? Tom liebt Torte, (a) er (b) muss (c) auf seine Gewicht achten. Ich denke, dass "aber" nur an den ...
10
votes
1answer
160 views

Apostrophe with or without space? (»mit’m« vs. »mit ’m«)

In § 97 of the Amtliches Regelwerk (2006) (PDF) it says: Man kann den Apostroph setzen, wenn Wörter gesprochener Sprache mit Auslassungen bei schriftlicher Wiedergabe undurchsichtig sind. As ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

“I was working” in German

How can I say "I was working." in German? I was thinking: Ich war arbeiten. But I feel that is totally wrong.
9
votes
1answer
6k views

Dictionary abbreviation meanings: “jdm”, “jdn”, “etw”,

While I'm studying German vocabulary from a dictionary, I constantly see that the definitions of verbs have abbreviations next to them, such as "jdm: jemandem" and "jdn: jemanden" and "etw: etwas". I ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Meaning and construction of “Ich bedanke mich”

I started studying German few months ago. I started reading "Der Nussknacker (Niveau Eins)". I found this Ich bedanke mich but I can not really understand what does it mean and its ...
3
votes
1answer
682 views

Most common Präteritum / Imperfekt forms in written German?

I have a German examination in two weeks, which includes two comprehensions of about CEFR-B1 level. (An example of this exam from 2012 can be found here.) I have worked up to over 2000 of the most ...
1
vote
2answers
403 views

On-line German tutors [closed]

I don't know if here is the best place to ask that, I need a German tutor to help me to communicate in German via chat and sometimes voice. Do you know any sites (free or not) which can provide me ...
6
votes
3answers
796 views

How to say 'of which'

In a recent essay about school I wrote: Ich hatte Fächer, die mir ganz gut gefallen: Deutsch, Mathe und Chemie, deren mein Lieblingsfach Deutsch ist. It was all marked as correct other than the ...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

Correct usage of “sogar” and “einmal” to mean “even”

I would appreciate any clarification on the correct usage of sogar and einmal as translations of the English word "even" when used in the following sense: He didn't drink anything...not even the ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

How would I say “Or, call us at (phone number)” in German?

How would I say "Or, call us at (phone number)" in German, or perhaps "Or, contact us at (phone number)? This is to be placed next to an e-mail contact form. The tone of the site is professional ...
7
votes
4answers
4k views

Korrekte Schreibweise von Bereichen von Prozentzahlen

Im Duden steht ja, dass vor dem Prozentzeichen ein Leerschritt gesetzt wird. Wie verhält es sich jedoch mit dem Prozentzeichen selbst? Sollte dieses bei Zahlenbereichen bei jeder Zahl angegeben ...
10
votes
1answer
577 views

Word composition in German

When we have a German word composed of two or more terms, is there always an 's' between the two words? Someone who lived in Germany for a long time told me that there is always an 's', but as far as ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Groß- und Kleinschreibung von “Funktionales Testen” im Satz

Wenn ich den Fachbegriff Funktionales Testen mitten im Satz verwende, schreibe ich dann "funktionales" groß oder klein? Eigentlich ist es ja ein Adjektiv, aber andererseits bilden "Funktionales" und ...
3
votes
2answers
482 views

What is the children's song “Zehn kleine Zappelfinger” about?

Can anyone explain what the children's song "Zehn kleine Zappelfinger" is about? Zehn kleine Zappelfinger zappeln hin und her. Zehn kleine Zappelfinger finden´s gar nicht schwer. Zehn ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Distinction between “sei” and “war”

I've seen "sei" a fair bit lately and it seems to indicate something that has happened in the past. Example: Die Ärztin hatte meiner Mutter gesagt, dass meine Leber kurz vor der Zirrhose sei. ...
17
votes
2answers
3k views

Difference between “Es sind” and “Es gibt” for asserting existence of something

In English we say There are... and I know that I've seen es gibt used in German. I've also seen es sind. Are these phrases identical? There are many flowers in the garden = Es gibt viele Blumen ...
8
votes
1answer
382 views

When to use possessive pronouns vs. dative pronoun + definite article

German uses a reflexive dative pronoun and a regular definite article in many places where English would use a possessive pronoun. For example: I broke my leg. Ich habe mir das Bein gebrochen. ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Why is the verb not in second position

I studied that the verb is always in second position in a sentence. The I came across this sentence: Insbesondere das zweite Buch ist wichtig. I could not find an answer here, why is the verb in ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Is writing “Herr Prof. X” exaggerated/mandatory? Is it old-fashioned?

How necessary or exaggerated is the following Anrede? "Sehr geehrter Herr Prof. X" bzw. "Sehr geehrte Frau Dr. Z" I mean, should I write Herr Prof. X, or is Prof. X enough? Also, is it ...
3
votes
2answers
244 views

What is the polite way to ask if I should talk in 'Sie' or 'du' terms with the Person

It frequently happens that I am unsure whether to talk to a person in Sie or du terms. Most of the time, I wait till the person himself gives some hint. Or I talk in Sie. But what is the polite way to ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Etwas anschauen vs. ansehen = to look at?

Can anschauen and ansehen both be used to say that you are looking at something? For example, "Ich schaue das Foto an" vs. "Ich sehe mir das Foto an"? I think I have seen these verbs used ...
6
votes
2answers
780 views

Does German phonetics fully determine the spelling?

It is clear that there are different, equally valid ways to read a word in German (e.g. alveolar or uvular r, etc.) How true is the converse statement: phonetics fully determine the spelling? I'm ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Good short stories for learning German? [closed]

I'm trying to learn german and I think I would really benefit from reading short stories in german. Possibly with a translation. So do you know any good sites that can offer me that?
-7
votes
1answer
854 views

Can someone give the examples ( few sentences ) with words: da, deutete, dabei? [closed]

I read a book on german and meet these words very often, but the context still not clearly for me. So I want to see a few examples with these 3 words with translation. upd As I read a book further ...
6
votes
3answers
461 views

„Welcher“ zur Kennzeichnung explikativer Relativsätze?

Beim Meditieren über diese Frage ist mir eingefallen, dass ich welcher u. Ä. manchmal als Relativpronomen nutze, um zu betonen, dass der Relativsatz explikativ ist. Ein Beispiel: A) Derjenige ...
12
votes
1answer
223 views

Grammaticality of “original italienisches Eis”

Something you will often find is a phrase like the one given in the title: original italienisches Eis. What kind of word is original here though? An adverb? Shouldn't this phrase either read ...
2
votes
3answers
437 views

Phonetic help for 'Frobenius'

My intuition says ['fʁɔbɪnjuːs] but not sure about it. BTW, The person in question is 'Ferdinand Georg Frobenius' (the mathematician).
3
votes
1answer
199 views

Can “liegen” be used for people?

Can "liegen" be used for people. For instance I am here. - Ich liege hier. or it is wrong? Is Ich bin hier better?
9
votes
3answers
474 views

What is the etymology of “eh” in “Ich habe eh nichts zu machen”?

My question is straightforward: What is the etymology of eh? Could eh in Ich habe eh nichts zu machen be an abbreviation for eher? (I spelled eh with an h because the e seems to be pronounced ...
4
votes
4answers
7k views

What's the meaning of “schon”?

Today in the class I heard German guy saying: "Ist der Platz schon frei?". Which supposedly means "Is this place already available/free?" and that makes no sense to me. What's the meaning of "schon" ...
1
vote
2answers
485 views

Alternate sentence construction using “lassen”

The sentence: "Er hat Reim in seinem Gedicht benutzt." My instructor has suggested that I rewrite the sentence using "a more sophisticated construction, such as one with 'lassen'." How would I do ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Wieso schafft man wie ein “Brunnenputzer”?

Im Schwäbischen gibt es die Redewendung "der schafft wie ein Brunnenputzer" für hart arbeitende Menschen. Er arbeitete sich vom Verkäufer zum Marketing-Direktor hoch. Die ersten 15 Berufsjahre ...
6
votes
3answers
207 views

“Film” verhält sich zu “Verfilmung” wie “Computerspiel” zu..?

Wenn ein Film produziert wird, der auf einer Literaturvorlage, Comic, Computerspiel etc. basiert, dann nennt man das "Verfilmung". Wie nennt man analog das Produzieren eines Computerspiels, das z.B. ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

What does “Kantenblatt” mean?

What does "Kantenblatt" mean? I did not find it in a dictionary. I know that "Blatt" is a kind of list.
4
votes
2answers
793 views

Woher kommt “suutsche”?

Folgenden Dialog könnte man in weiten Teilen Norddeutschlands hören: "Ab an die Arbeit, Männer! Pause is' vorbei!" "Immer suutsche, Chef. Geht gleich los." "Immer suutsche" (oder schreibt ...
4
votes
2answers
724 views

Adding -es to adjectives after “etwas”

"traurig" and other adjectives get an -es affix after "etwas" (e.g., etwas trauriges) What are the conditions for this affixation? Does this have anything to do with case?
5
votes
1answer
624 views

Wie werden die (modischen) Flicken an Ärmeln bezeichnet?

Ich beobachte in jüngster Zeit einen Modetrend hin zu diesen Flicken an dem Ärmeln, auf Höhe der Ellenbogen, rückseitig. Haben diese Flicken einen besonderen Namen, abgesehen von "ovale Flicken am ...
11
votes
2answers
615 views

Reference work on prefixes, suffixes, etc

It's not unusual for me not to be able to find some German word in any dictionary (or dictionary-like resource) I try. Since such words are often of the form PREFIX+STEM, I figure I'm not finding ...
0
votes
1answer
229 views

German Pre-fixes - Do they carry meaning? [duplicate]

I frequently come across words like versprechen, erhalten, beliefern. Because my vocabulary is limited, i can detect that the verbs sprechen, halten and liefern were spoken but i do not know what ...
9
votes
1answer
825 views

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen Gouvernante und Kindermädchen?

When I was young, my parents put me in the care of a German-American woman. That's why I'm here. (Deshalb bin ich hier.) How is such a woman referred to, as a "governess," or "nanny?" Or some thing ...
5
votes
5answers
433 views

Pronunciation of “lernst”

It's easy to pronounce the letter 'r' in "lernen". But when it comes to pronouncing "lernst", it becomes really hard to keep pronouncing 'r' next to "nst". Listening to some native speaker ...
4
votes
4answers
640 views

Ways to die in German

I want to learn the different shades of meaning and frequency of use of the following verbs that have the meaning of to die: ableben abtreten erlöschen krepieren sterben versterben ...
7
votes
2answers
729 views

Pronunciation of 'r' in German

According to the answer of @what to the question Pronunciation of "lernst" there are 3 different ways to pronounce the alphabet r in German: voiced uvular fricative [ʁ] (splattne's sample) ...
7
votes
3answers
623 views

beschränken vs einschränken – is there a difference?

What is the difference between verbs beschränken and einschränken? Do these two words have the same meaning or maybe they mean something different?
4
votes
2answers
842 views

verhindern, hindern, behindern - what's the difference?

What's the difference between verhindern, hindern, behindern - in dictionary they seem to have the same or very similar meaning?
3
votes
1answer
3k views

'auf' oder 'an der' Bushaltestelle?

Welcher Satz ist Richtig? Ich bin auf der Bushaltestelle warten oder ich bin an der Bushaltestelle warten? UND der Bus ist auf der Bushaltestelle? oder der Bus ist an der ...
4
votes
1answer
829 views

Usage of articles with “Schule”

I read this question Articles in real life where I saw a number of comments that said that it was typical of Turks, Arabs and Slavic speakers to say something like "Ich war in Schule" or "Ich gehe in ...
0
votes
1answer
176 views

Namen und Vornamen mit definitem Artikel [duplicate]

In meiner Schulzeit verwendeten wir unsere Vornamen und Namen immer mit definitem Artikel: Der Andreas hat gesagt, dass der Herr Schultz in Deutsch ... Wie verbreitet ist dieser Sprachgebrauch?
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Is there a good sourcebook for practice exercises?

I'm looking for a book full of practice exercises. I find that, while my vocabulary is getting better and my knowledge of grammar improving, it would really help to do more exercises and compare my ...
3
votes
3answers
343 views

Phonetic help for Weierstraß

As far as I remember it is pronounced like ['vaɪəʁˌʃtræs] but not quite sure about it (specially whether it is a "ʁ", "ʀ" or "x" in the middle).

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