7
votes
1answer
3k views

When does one use “von” and when “durch” to form the passive?

I've learnt that to form a passive sentence from an active one, one uses "von" and then one mentions the Subjekt of the aktiv sentence: Hans isst den Apfel. ---> Der Apfel wird von Hans gegessen. ...
7
votes
3answers
18k views

German shows/movies with German subtitles

I've found resources for German shows with English subtitles and vice versa, but I can't find German shows (either serials or movies) with German subtitles. Are there any online resources for this? I'...
4
votes
1answer
545 views

Is there a pattern in the formation of compound verbs via prefixes?

Compound German verbs are formed as prefix + basic verb So, if you have the verb X you can have its compounds by adding one prefix to it. I'm asking whether a certain prefix carries always the ...
4
votes
2answers
168 views

When pronouncing ach Laut as an uvular sound, can you trill?

According to the wiki page: [x] occurs after /uː oː/ (for instance in Buch [buːx] 'book') and [χ] after /a aː/ (for instance in Bach [baχ] 'brook'), while either [x] or [χ] may occur after /ʊ ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Pronunciation of ‘ich’ in Rammstein songs

AFAIU, the h-sound in the English ‘huge’ is exactly the German ich-sound (e.g. in nicht). But I've noticed in a number of Rammstein songs, it's pronounced as ‘ish’. Is this regional or is it the ...
2
votes
1answer
421 views

Pronouncing bitte vs bitter

In Paul Joyce's German Course, he pronounces the ending of 'bitter' (sound link) with a roll. This is very different from the vocalic r I've been taught, and very different from the pronunciations on ...
14
votes
3answers
15k views

When to use “bezahlen” and when “zahlen”?

Leo shows that both bezahlen and zahlen are translated as "to pay". I noticed that people sometimes use the one, and sometimes the other. So, when to use bezahlen and when zahlen?
1
vote
3answers
442 views

What's the difference between “tun” and “antun”?

What is the difference between those two words? Are they interchangeable? Could you please provide some examples of their usage?
3
votes
1answer
122 views

Nach Hackfleischspieß Art?

Ich war gerade in der Mittagspause und stolperte bei einem Kleinimbiss über folgenden Ausdruck: Döner Kebab (nach Hackfleischspieß Art) Worüber ich mich nun wunderte ist, was dies für eine ...
6
votes
1answer
444 views

Nominativ-Ergänzung und Passiv

Im Deutschen ist es möglich, einen Passivsatz ohne Subjekt zu bilden: Hier wird gearbeitet. Das ist immer dann der Fall, wenn die Aktiv-Situation intransitiv ist. Die Abwesenheit eines ...
12
votes
3answers
415 views

Nouns with 2 genitive forms (-s/-es). When to use each?

Wiktionary lists 2 genitive forms for a lot of nouns (e.g. Berg, Brauch), -es and -s. For these words and others, are these forms interchangeable or are they regional? Or is one more poetic sounding ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Difference between “ihr” and “dessen”

If I want to say: “He is their son”, which is correct: Er ist ihr Sohn. Er ist deren Sohn. What is the difference (if any) between ihr and deren in the meaning of their?
8
votes
4answers
523 views

Ist die Redewendung “das mache ich mit links” diskriminierend?

Neulich sagte ich angesichts der recht übersichtlichen Menge an Arbeit zu meinem Kollegen: "Ach, das machen wir doch mit links." Worauf dieser, ein Linkshänder, halb scherzhaft meinte, dass man ...
5
votes
4answers
5k views

Plural von “Szenario”? Szenarien oder Szenarios?

Welches ist die korrekte Form? Ich habe es ursprünglich als "Szenarien" gelernt, meine Rechtschreibprüfung will mich aber überzeugen, daß Szenarios korrekt(er?) sei. Ein alter Duden kennt nur "...
10
votes
5answers
799 views

Your point being?

How would you translate "your point being?". Best thing I can come up with is "Und?". But that only works if the context is there. Is there some more "correct" translation?
1
vote
0answers
53 views

What case for time expressions? [duplicate]

What is the appropriate case for time expressions that don't involve a preposition? Letzten Monat sah ich ihn. (accusative) Letzter Monat sah ich ihn. (nominative)
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Written vs. Spoken German

Some teachers (and their books) are used to emphasize that there are certain structures used in "written German". For instance, I was told that Präteritum is rather used in texts and not so common in ...
1
vote
2answers
300 views

Associate the possessive adjective to a neutral noun

You want to associate the possessive adjective to the possessor (noun). If you have a masculine noun, you use sein/seine/sein If the possessor is feminine, you use ihr/ihre/ihr What about ...
5
votes
2answers
323 views

Chatty expression in German

There are chatty expressions in English, like in the middle of a conversation someone says: [Getting angry] Does it work the same in German? as in [sauer werden] Or such a thing isn't ...
5
votes
1answer
258 views

Präteritum of “sein” in Southern dialects

As in Southern dialects the Präteritum or Mitvergangenheit is often dropped in favor of the perfect tense, I was wondering about some things regarding the "i wår" (apparently the Präteritum of "sein") ...
5
votes
1answer
706 views

Ist “verunmöglichen” Standarddeutsch?

Ist das Wort "verunmöglichen" als Gegensatz von "ermöglichen" Standarddeutsch? Bin darüber schon mehrfach gestolpert, aber das Wort "fühlt" sich irgendwie schräg an.
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Regel für Abtrennung des Vornamens vom vorangestellten Nachnamen

Wo steht die Regel, dass der vorangestellte Nachname vom nachfolgend geschriebenen Vornamen durch ein Komma getrennt wird?
2
votes
1answer
94 views

What is the proper current tense?

I have two sentences which in my eyes mean the same, but I don't know which one is the proper current tense is in German. Zahlung information aktualisieren, I think this means, Refreshing payment ...
5
votes
1answer
412 views

Wie entstand aus “Sicht” die “Zuversicht”?

Schon länger frage ich mich, wie man die Etymologie von "Zuversicht" erkärt. Im Duden wird knapp aufgeführt mittelhochdeutsch zuoversiht, althochdeutsch zuofirsiht Duden und auch das ...
14
votes
6answers
15k views

How should we apologize in German?

The most common phrase in german phrase book for apology would be es tut mir leid or tut mir leid to mean "it does me suffering". From the questions on the difference between "entschuldigen" or "...
3
votes
3answers
230 views

Nummerierung im Text

Welche der folgenden Schreibweisen ist richtig? A) Das 8. Bit wird gesetzt. B) Das 8te Bit wird gesetzt. C) Das 8-te Bit wird gesetzt. D) Das achte Bit wird gesetzt. Im Duden habe ich folgendes ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Is the word “Wissenschaft” broader than “science”?

In my German class we were asked to deliver a little "Vortrag über ein wissenschaftliches Thema". I was surprised when more than the half of the students talked about themes which, in English, cannot ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

When is it necessary to use the definite article?

I have the sentence People search the truth in science meaning that people want science to seek the truth. I don't know why but in English you don't use any article here before "people". Is it ...
7
votes
2answers
500 views

Was bedeutet “gerne” nach einem Verb in der Befehlsform?

Ich weiss schon, was "gerne" nach einem Verb im Indikativ bedeutet, aber was heisst es, wenn es nach einem Verb in der Befehlsform steht? z.B. Ich esse gern Pizza = I like to eat pizza aber ...
4
votes
2answers
289 views

“to make faces” = “Gesichter machen”?

In English we talk about "making faces," "making funny faces," etc. Is this expressed the same way in German? E.g.: Das Baby macht lustige Gesichter, wenn es ein großes Geschäft in die Windel ...
1
vote
2answers
139 views

What is the relative position of complements when there's a time adverb?

Imagine that your mother tells you a story often. What would you say? Meine Mutter erzählte sie mir oft. Meine Mutter erzählte oft sie mir. I know that the temporal complement should go ...
4
votes
2answers
116 views

Vergessen = “to forget” AND “to forget about”?

Kann man irgendwie auf eine Weise "forget about" sagen, die sich von einfach "vergessen" unterscheidet? z.B.: Mach dir keine Sorgen, Kleines! Wir haben dich nicht vergessen! (gesagt zu einem ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

Difference between “Kind”and “Jugend” [duplicate]

I am interested in not only the literal but the figurative differences between "Kind" and "Jugend" Thanks for your input!
2
votes
2answers
260 views

Can the accusative be in the first position in a sentence?

How would you translate the simple sentence: We write a long letter for our grandfather and a short one for our uncle? I tried as: Wir schreiben unserem Grossvater einen langen Brief, einen ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Was genau bedeutet “Akademiker”?

Ich habe einen Artikel gelesen, aber ich wusste nicht genau was Akademiker bedeutet. Ist es jemand, der einen Hochschulabschluss geschafft hat? Oder jemand, der einen Doktortitel erhält?
2
votes
2answers
962 views

Are German people always sure about the declension of a noun?

Talking about masculine nouns, German has the three categories weak/strong/mixed. Then the strong one is divided into three classes for the plural. A noun is placed into a particular category/class ...
2
votes
5answers
2k views

Meaning of “einmal” as adverb

I've commonly heard the particle einmal as an adverb. Does it have a real meaning or is it just bitte? Situations where I have heard of it: By receiving an object Einmal deinen Ausweis, oder, ...
11
votes
4answers
5k views

What is the difference between “versuchen” and “probieren”?

According to my Collins dictionary, both versuchen and probieren mean to try. Are they synonyms?
1
vote
1answer
167 views

Why isn't the adjective declined just as the corresponding noun is? [closed]

Adjectives are divided into three classes according to the presence/absence of an article. But I don't understand why a certain adjective does not simply take the ending of the noun it refers to or ...
3
votes
2answers
272 views

German term for 'Frenemy'?

Has a German term for the English word frenemy been developed? I found a definition through Google: Eine Person, die nur vorgibt ein Freund zu sein. I would say this is accurate, however I'm ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

“Mindestens” vs “zumindest”. Gibt es einen Unterschied?

Im Internet gibt es keinen klaren Unterschied dazwischen, aber meine Lehrerin hat mich mehrmals dafür verbessert (und danach habe ich den Unterschied wieder vergessen). Könnt ihr bitte auch ein paar ...
4
votes
1answer
152 views

Equivalent to “Deutschamerikaner” for Americans living in Germany?

Wikipedia states: German Americans (German: Deutschamerikaner) are citizens of the United States who were either born in Germany or are of German ancestry. Is there an equivalent German ...
5
votes
3answers
591 views

Hinfallen, hinunterfallen vs. herunterfallen

Diese Frage wurde von einer Frage inspiriert, die ich vor kurzem zu den Verben fallen und stürzen gestellt habe. Jemand hat erwähnt, dass in einem gewissen Zusammenhang herunterfallen besser passt ...
3
votes
4answers
531 views

What is the difference between “fallen” and “stürzen”?

What is the difference between these two words for "fall"? On a website I read the following: Halten Sie das Baby immer so sicher, daß es auf keinen Fall stürzen kann. Would the word "fallen" ...
1
vote
2answers
307 views

“Aufheben” vs. “aufnehmen” for picking something up

I want to say, "I pick the baby up off the floor," but I'm having trouble deciding whether aufheben or aufnehmen is the correct word. Ich nehme das Baby vom Boden auf or Ich hebe das Baby ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

What are the differences between “jein” and “naja”?

After reading this related post, I started wondering: what are the differences between jein and naja? I am especially interested in any context(s) where only one of them would be correct or ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Why is the -ow in place names pronounced the way it is?

This question also has an answer here (in German): Die Aussprache der Endung -ow Travelling in the northeast of Germany, I have noticed that there are a lot of place names ending in -ow, but it is ...
6
votes
3answers
726 views

As someone learning German, what should I put on my flash cards for each part of speech?

What should I put on my German flash cards in order to know everything I'll need to know about that word? For example, I know for nouns I need to make sure to learn the gender and plural forms, since ...
12
votes
4answers
6k views

Usage of “zwar”

Can anyone explain how the word zwar is generally used? I see it a lot and it doesn't seem like it usually translates very well into English, if at all. Here's an example sentence: Frage: Hat ...
14
votes
2answers
526 views

Jein - a regionalism or the German-wide jargon?

I'm currently in Bavaria and I often hear the word jein, which means that answer could be either yes or no, depending what aspects are taken into account: Hast du das schon gemacht? Jein. Es ...

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