8
votes
1answer
471 views

What are differences between “ins” and “in”?

My German teacher explained this last year and I never really understood when to use "ins" and when to use "in", I know they are both two way prepositions but what's the difference?
7
votes
3answers
236 views

Is “Für jeden ein Gewinn” grammatically correct?

Saw this on a flyer from a retailer advertising a contest. "Für jeden ein Gewinn" Question Is that grammatically correct? Shouldn't it be "Für jeden einen Gewinn"? Analysis Let's take it ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

Is there a colloquial/slang equivalent of “'them's fight'n words” in German?

I'm giving a keynote in Potsdam in two weeks on reputation systems, and I'm looking for a German colloquial/slang phrase for "Them's fight'n words!" I'm using it to represent the idea that people can ...
2
votes
2answers
169 views

Liturgical or church German

In a church setting, Is there a liturgical form of German for a pastor or priest to use during the service? Is it more appropriate to use formal or poetic forms of speech for everyone, anyone, or no ...
4
votes
1answer
241 views

“Von Des” vs. “Der”

Could someone please explain how to say "of", as in "the book of the man"? I suspect it is fairly simple but I don't understand the differnce between: der Buch des Mann and der von dem ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Psychisch oder Psychologisch?

In Sportlerinterviews, auf der Suche wieso es heute wieder nicht geklappt hat, wird oft von psychologischer Befindlichkeit gesprochen, wo es m.E. die psychische sein sollte. Wir konnten den ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Everyday German in conversation

I want to read some conversation in places like a shop, a restaurant, in a class between student and teacher, college and other occasions. It should be something like this English website: Everyday ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Himmel, Arsch und Zwirn?

Wo kommt der Fluch/Ausruf "Himmel, Arsch und Zwirn!" her? Gibt es Verbindungen zu "Verflixt und zugenäht!"? Wie kam es, dass "Zwirn" mancherorts durch "Wolkenbruch" ersetzt wurde? Oder lief die ...
13
votes
4answers
6k views

Difference in pronunciation of “Er” vs. “Ihr”

I'm currently learning German with Duolingo. In some of the lessons and daily practices, I have to listen to a recorded voice and type the German words that are spoken. I seem to continually get ...
28
votes
3answers
41k views

When to use “gern” vs. “gerne”

What is the difference between "gern" and "gerne"? When should each be used? An example I used in a previous question was: Ich esse gern Pizza is that better or worse than: Ich esse gerne ...
3
votes
3answers
309 views

Which of these is more common to say? - zweideutig, mehrdeutig, vieldeutig

Well, the title has the question, but I also wanted to ask if "deutig" alone means something. One would think that it comes from Deutung (interpretation?) and since it looks like an adjective, it ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Shame vs. Embarrassment

I have been able to identify two aspects where the English language distinguishes between shame and embarrassment: Shame relates to having done something wrong, while embarrassment is a result of ...
16
votes
4answers
10k views

What is the proper position of “gern”?

For example, which of these is correct: Ich esse gern Pizza or Ich esse Pizza gern
3
votes
2answers
295 views

Is there a different usage of “Erpel” vs. “Enterich”?

When referring to a male duck I was told that I should always use the appropriate term "Erpel" when talking about the bird as depicted here: Wikimedia Usage of the alternative term "Enterich" should ...
7
votes
4answers
178 views

Does form of address change when other listeners or readers are present?

I was part of an email exchange that included a group of professionals—some of whom know each other quite well and use "Du" with one another, and some of whom do not. One of the respondents on the ...
19
votes
3answers
10k views

Suggestions on preparing for the Zertifikat Deutsch (internationally accepted certificate in German) exam

I will be taking the Zertifikat Deutsch exam soon, and was looking for tips and ideas on the preparation required. This exam is legally recognized, for instance for citizenship applications, and has ...
15
votes
4answers
606 views

Übersetzung für “Fusselst Du?”

Ich habe heute im Internet Folgendes gesehen: und dachte: ehh? Im Wörterbuch konnte ich 'fusseln' nicht finden. Kann mir jemand mit einer Übersetzung helfen?
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Sentence structure tips: verb placement

I'm having some trouble getting used to placing the second verb in a phrase at the end. Sie kann sehr gut deutsch sprechen Taking the above sentence as an example, I find it hard to read ...
6
votes
2answers
772 views

What is the origin of “beziehungsweise”?

I can't understand "beziehungsweise" in the context of its two parts, "beziehen" and "weise". What is the logic behind its meaning?
4
votes
5answers
2k views

Recommended reading strategies for intermediate speakers to build up their German

I learnt English mostly by reading all sorts of books once I'd a very rudimentary grasp of the basics. This was not intentional, but reading a lot is what in retrospect was the most helpful for me to ...
4
votes
1answer
334 views

How do I use numerals ending with “-lei”

In German there are special numerals ("Gattungszahlwort") used to count how many kinds exist: keinerlei "Das macht doch keinerlei Umstände" einerlei "Es ist völlig einerlei, wie wir das ...
5
votes
3answers
278 views

Usage of “aber”

Why is "aber" used in this context? Darf ich dich zu einem Kaffee einladen? – Aber ja, sehr gern.
8
votes
4answers
5k views

Welcher Fall wird nach “wie [z.B.]” verwendet?

Verlangt "wie" (im Sinne von "wie zum Beispiel") einen speziellen Fall oder wird der gleiche Fall wie beim vorangegangenen Objekt verwendet? Was ist z.B. korrekt: "Bedingt durch Faktoren wie [der/dem/...
7
votes
4answers
700 views

What's this structure called?

I don't understand the structure used in this exercise: What's it called?
5
votes
2answers
500 views

Accusative vs. nominative case ambiguity?

First, let me say that I'm new to German. I see that the article of a feminine noun isn't inflected when the case is changed from nominative to accusative, i.e. in both cases the definite article is ...
5
votes
2answers
141 views

“Dank' ” oder “Dank”?

Ist der Gebrauch des Wortes Dank eine Verkürzung des Wortes Danke, der sich nur mit der Zeit dahingehend gewandelt hat, dass der Gebrauch nicht äquivalent ist? D.h. muss in einem solchen Fall: ...
3
votes
1answer
5k views

What are the differences between “vorher”, “davor” and “zuvor”?

I understand that they are all adverbs (as opposed to "vor" and "bevor"), but can they be used interchangeably?
8
votes
3answers
619 views

Sie/du reciprocity?

If person A is addressing person B as 'Sie', is it always appropriate for person B to also address person 'A' as 'Sie'? For example, a student would address a professor as 'Sie'. Would the professor ...
4
votes
3answers
746 views

“Ellbogen” vs. “Ellenbogen” - is there a difference in usage?

Both, "Ellbogen"", and "Ellenbogen" are German synonyms for elbow. All dictionaries I consulted, including English-German dictionaries, don't say that one or the other is correct but they sometimes ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Asking “Which [something]”

If someone is talking about something, saying: I don't like the [list] I'd like to ask "which list" in German. It's "die Liste", so I should ask: Welch-e [Liste]? Am I right? In general, ...
4
votes
4answers
953 views

Was ist eine “Lätsch” auf Hochdeutsch?

Im schwäbischen Dialekt gibt es für den im folgenden Bild gezeigten Gesichtsausdruck den Ausdruck "Lätsch" (hergeleitet von italienisch laccio, Schlinge). Typischerweise werden die Mundwinkel ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Differences between “muss gut gewesen sein” vs. “musste gut sein”

What is the difference between "muss gut gewesen sein" and "musste gut sein"? For example, I was told Das Konzert muss wirklich gut gewesen sein. I have three questions: What is this tense of ...
3
votes
1answer
605 views

Wissenswertes über “Fleppen”?

Fleppen (Plural) ist ein umgangssprachliches(?) Synonym für Führerschein. Ohne "Fleppen" erwischt - Nordkurier, 23.03.10 Mit Alkohol, ohne Fleppen und Helm - Märkische Allgemeine, 17.12.08 Der ...
4
votes
4answers
588 views

Abbreviations of Entschuldigung?

On a previous visit to Germany, I'm sure I've heard (although I may well be very wrong) native Germans using an abbreviation of Entschuldigung. The abbreviation I think I heard was Schuldi or ...
7
votes
1answer
478 views

Did “Hexe” originate from Greek “ἑξα, hexa”?

Usually German words containing the letter "X" are loanwords from Greek words containing the letter Χῖ. In other European languages a "Hexe" is named very differently: witch (English), sorcière (...
2
votes
2answers
94 views

stilllegen, but lahm legen?

In Bastian Sick, "Der Dativ ist dem Genitiv sein Tod", I read that it is "stilllegen", but "lahm legen". He didn´t understand it himself and did not give an explanation, why the first word is written ...
5
votes
1answer
194 views

Why do deprecative descriptions of a person sound funny today?

There are many expressions describing a person in a deprecative or insulting way because of his bad properties or behaviour, which today would more or less trigger a laugh if someone called you that ...
4
votes
2answers
437 views

Does “frech wie Oskar sein” have a negative connotation to it?

Does the following sentence have negative connotation? If it does, is there an equivalent without the negative connotation? „Du bist ja frech wie Oskar!“ As I searched, none of the following ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

How does the crew address the captain in “Das Boot”?

In the movie Das Boot, the crew address the captain with a word I don't understand. I think it may be "Kaleun", which I assume is short for "Kapitan Leutnant". Am I right? Is that a real word?
5
votes
3answers
2k views

When is “gehen” properly used?

When is the word "gehen" properly used? Is it only used to indicate walking? For example, are any of these correct: ich gehe nach Moskau (if I live in, say, South America) ich gehe mit dem ...
4
votes
2answers
396 views

When to use the future tense?

One of the things I've been struggling with as a relative newcomer to German is when to use the future tense. It appears that, as in Russian, there isn't a lot of circumstances in which one would use ...
2
votes
2answers
191 views

“Nicht unerheblich” vs. “erheblich” - is there a difference?

We can see that both, "erheblich", and "nicht unerheblich" are used in the meaning of e.g. "considerable, extensive, remarkable". Branchengerüchten zufolge können die Besucherzahlen dank des ...
1
vote
2answers
384 views

Is the plural form of “Oscar” “Oscars” or “Oscare”?

I was wondering how to decline an English loanword like "Oscar". I know that there are no fixed rules. Sometimes the native declination is adopted, sometimes words are declined according to ...
7
votes
1answer
421 views

Origin and Usage of “i wo”?

A colloquial way of answering negatively/dismissing an offered statement can be the use of the word(s) "i wo / iwo". The meaning of "i wo", according to Wiktionary, is this: (umgangssprachlich) ...
14
votes
3answers
23k views

Singular/Plural bei Aufzählungen

Man betrachte folgende zwei Sätze: Demnach muss nun das Ziel und der Zweck der Regelung ermittelt werden. oder Demnach müssen nun das Ziel und der Zweck der Regelung ermittelt werden. ...
4
votes
1answer
123 views

How do I build subordinative clauses relating to genderless nouns?

In German there are few nouns that have no article and thus seemingly no gender: Examples Google Nahost Nord Allerheiligen In the example "Nord" we could overcome this by using "der ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Bedeutungswandel des Wortes “gemein”

Angeregt durch die Frage nach dem Präfix "hund(s)-" und der akzeptierten Antwort, stellte sich mir die Frage, wann das Wort "gemein" einen Bedeutungswandelt von "gewöhnlich, alltäglich" hin zu "...
3
votes
1answer
614 views

Books helping with most common mistakes of German learners?

Is there anything one could recommend to get rid of the most common mistakes the non-native German speakers make? I love the "Is That What You Mean?" series by Pinguin which features very nice ...
8
votes
2answers
338 views

Wird das Wort “Strippe” noch benutzt?

Mir ist vor Kurzem aufgefallen, dass ich das Wort "Strippe" nur noch im Sinne vom Telefon ("an der Strippe hängen", "Quasselstrippe") gehört habe, und nie in seinem ürsprünglichen Sinne. Da man heute ...
2
votes
3answers
834 views

Words Frequency List

I've searched the forum and found this question, but the list there is not very good for general purposes, I think. It's based on newspapers as far as I could tell and is thus irrevocably slanted ...

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