2
votes
1answer
1k views

“I want to” vs. “I like to” vs. “I have to”

How do you say the following in German? I want to eat an apple. I like to eat apples. I have to eat an apple. Can you apply the same context to all verbs?
7
votes
1answer
381 views

A strange greeting! Servos?

Ever since I have arrived in Germany, I have been picking up words I here often and then going back home to check their meanings. There is one word that still baffles me. It is a form of greeting. ...
-6
votes
1answer
249 views

Can someone give the examples ( few sentences ) with words: da, deutete, dabei? [closed]

I read a book on german and meet these words very often, but the context still not clearly for me. So I want to see a few examples with these 3 words with translation. upd As I read a book further ...
2
votes
3answers
227 views

Phonetic help for 'Frobenius'

My intuition says ['fʁɔbɪnjuːs] but not sure about it. BTW, The person in question is 'Ferdinand Georg Frobenius' (the mathematician).
5
votes
1answer
251 views

Wie werden die (modischen) Flicken an Ärmeln bezeichnet?

Ich beobachte in jüngster Zeit einen Modetrend hin zu diesen Flicken an dem Ärmeln, auf Höhe der Ellenbogen, rückseitig. Haben diese Flicken einen besonderen Namen, abgesehen von "ovale Flicken am ...
5
votes
1answer
144 views

Verwendung von Nein nach negativen Fragen

F: "Darf ich das nicht?" A: "Nein" Entgegen des rein Logischen Sinnes --> "Ja du darfst das" ist hier "Nein [du darfst das nicht]" gemeint! Warum? Existiert diese Phänomen auch in der ...
2
votes
2answers
166 views

“All things being equal” auf deutsch

Was ist eine gute (d. h. für geschriebenes Deutsch) Übersetzung des englischen All things being equal...
0
votes
1answer
139 views

German Pre-fixes - Do they carry meaning? [duplicate]

I frequently come across words like versprechen, erhalten, beliefern. Because my vocabulary is limited, i can detect that the verbs sprechen, halten and liefern were spoken but i do not know what ...
4
votes
2answers
295 views

Adding -es to adjectives after “etwas”

"traurig" and other adjectives get an -es affix after "etwas" (e.g., etwas trauriges) What are the conditions for this affixation? Does this have anything to do with case?
4
votes
2answers
191 views

What is the proper use of the word “bang?”

The original context is "Bang fleht ein liebkranker Mann." (Viljaslied, Die Lustige Witwe). I once wrote a poem beginning, Ich schaue dich so gerne an. Du liesst mich immer so BANG. Bang is ...
4
votes
4answers
350 views

Ways to die in German

I want to learn the different shades of meaning and frequency of use of the following verbs that have the meaning of to die: ableben abtreten erlöschen krepieren sterben versterben ...
3
votes
1answer
814 views

'auf' oder 'an der' Bushaltestelle?

Welcher Satz ist Richtig? Ich bin auf der Bushaltestelle warten oder ich bin an der Bushaltestelle warten? UND der Bus ist auf der Bushaltestelle? oder der Bus ist an der ...
4
votes
1answer
281 views

Usage of articles with “Schule”

I read this question Articles in real life where I saw a number of comments that said that it was typical of Turks, Arabs and Slavic speakers to say something like "Ich war in Schule" or "Ich gehe in ...
2
votes
1answer
350 views

Looking for ALL german verbs database

It could be plain text. I need to have there all verbs with all forms written down. I'm afraid I can't use any web source, 'cause I want to create an application that will "read" sample german book ...
5
votes
3answers
295 views

beschränken vs einschränken – is there a difference?

What is the difference between verbs beschränken and einschränken? Do these two words have the same meaning or maybe they mean something different?
4
votes
2answers
371 views

verhindern, hindern, behindern - what's the difference?

What's the difference between verhindern, hindern, behindern - in dictionary they seem to have the same or very similar meaning?
0
votes
1answer
118 views

Namen und Vornamen mit definitem Artikel [duplicate]

In meiner Schulzeit verwendeten wir unsere Vornamen und Namen immer mit definitem Artikel: Der Andreas hat gesagt, dass der Herr Schultz in Deutsch ... Wie verbreitet ist dieser Sprachgebrauch?
4
votes
1answer
160 views

Is there a good sourcebook for practice exercises?

I'm looking for a book full of practice exercises. I find that, while my vocabulary is getting better and my knowledge of grammar improving, it would really help to do more exercises and compare my ...
3
votes
3answers
576 views

How would I say “Or, call us at (phone number)” in German?

How would I say "Or, call us at (phone number)" in German, or perhaps "Or, contact us at (phone number)? This is to be placed next to an e-mail contact form. The tone of the site is professional ...
3
votes
3answers
173 views

Phonetic help for Weierstraß

As far as I remember it is pronounced like ['vaɪəʁˌʃtræs] but not quite sure about it (specially whether it is a "ʁ", "ʀ" or "x" in the middle).
12
votes
1answer
2k views

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen einer Sage und einer Legende?

Ich habe bisher die Wörter Sage und Legende synonym verwendet. Es gibt zwar Dinge die ich so nenne, und andere Dinge, die ich wieder anders nenne (bspw. würde ich nie die Niebelungenlegende sagen), ...
17
votes
5answers
692 views

Why are “vier” and the beginning of “vierzehn” not pronounced the same?

Why is "vier" in the beginning of "vierzehn" [ˈfɪrʦeːn] not pronounced the same as the standalone "vier" [fiːɐ]?
6
votes
2answers
1k views

What does the word “Schickimicki” mean?

I have seen and heard the word many many times but every time I ask "Was bedeutet Schickimicki?" they don't give a conclusive answer. I just saw it on the journal Zeit and just thought I didn't know ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

How to translate “Relever une prescription” from french to german?

How do you say in german when a nurse becomes aware of a medical prescription and prepares everything according to what the doctor asks? In french we say "Relever une prescription". The action itself ...
5
votes
1answer
137 views

Learning German through debates/ discussions - Deutsch lernen durch Debatten/ Reden

Ich habe mir gedacht dass man ab einem gewissen Deutschniveau auch durch Schreiben Fortschritte machen kann. Habt ihr Blogs, oder kennt ihr eine Seite wo man an Debatten teilnehmen kann? Ich habe ...
12
votes
4answers
242 views

Use plural or singular to refer to a »Menge« of something?

Examples: Eine ganze Menge Nüsse sind das! Sie sollten sorgfältig über die Menge der Kontextinformationen nachdenken, die notwendig sind, um sicherzustellen, dass […]. Is the use of ...
5
votes
3answers
387 views

What is the meaning of these grammatical forms involving “werden”?

Reading a book recently, I find myself wondering often about the usage of "werden" in many contexts, such as in these examples: (talking about a group of people smoking from a common pipe): Sam ...
5
votes
3answers
137 views

What is the reason for this seemingly inconsistent inflection around masculine genitive?

I found the following sentence in a book: (...) bemerkte ich (...) eine mir auffällige Übereinstimmung bezüglich des Inhaltes der drei Zeitungsfetzen: sie enthielten nämlich alle drei einen ...
2
votes
3answers
169 views

What is the German equivalent for “generation skipping trust?”

In my (unpublished) "Dynasty" novel, the (American) patriarch leaves his German estate to his favorite (German) grandaughter. Like many American millionaires, he uses a "generation skipping trust" to ...
5
votes
2answers
94 views

Pazifisch vs. pazifistisch, metabolisch vs. metabolistisch - wie funktionieren diese Suffixe?

Was ist der Hintergrund der Suffixe "-isch" und "-istisch"? An welchen Wörtern werden sie verwendet, was ist ihr unterschied? Ich vermute, dass letzteres zusammengesetzt ist aus "-ist" und "-isch". ...
-2
votes
1answer
123 views

Translated This is your life by switchfoot [closed]

Original: Yesterday is a wrinkle on your forehead Yesterday is a promise that you've broken Don't close your eyes This is your life and today is all you've got now And today is all you'll ...
2
votes
1answer
351 views

What is “hochdeutsch”? Which dialect should I learn?

If I want to learn the German language, which dialect should I learn? In other words, I would like to know about the dialect which is most common? (I have just arrived in Germany and living in ...
7
votes
2answers
325 views

Pronunciation of 'r' in German

According to the answer of @what to the question Pronunciation of "lernst" there are 3 different ways to pronounce the alphabet r in German: voiced uvular fricative [ʁ] (splattne's sample) ...
6
votes
2answers
167 views

Nachgestellte Spezifikationen in Firmennamen

Viele Firmennamen enthalten nachgestellte Spezifikationen über die Art der Firma, z. B.: Müller Maschinenwerke Octothorpe Bürobedarf Schmidt Müllpressen Derartige Ergänzungen werden und ...
7
votes
2answers
131 views

Etymology and meaning of “Lotterleben”

A German friend of mine used the term "Lotterleben" to describe to me someone as a "free spirit", although the dictionary translate the term as "dissolute lifestyle" which have a string negative ...
4
votes
1answer
179 views

A kind of – German Expressions

Whenever I try to say something like ‘A type of car’, or ‘a type of food’, I end up saying ‘eine Art + nominative singular’ or ‘eine Art von nominative singular’ but I’m not really sure about it. ...
5
votes
1answer
90 views

Pronouncing “chs” as /ks/

"ch" is pronounced as /x/ or /ç/ depending on the vowel in front of it, and "s" is pronounced /z/ before a vowel, how come then that the sequence "chs" in the words wachsen and Wechsel is pronounced ...
2
votes
1answer
189 views

How to translate Perfekt into English

I came across these sentences with their translations: Du bist aus Berlin gekommen. - You have come from Berlin. Wo seid ihr so lange gewesen? - Where were you so long? From what I have ...
7
votes
4answers
557 views

What is the difference between “Dom”, “Kathedrale” and “Münster”

"Dom", "Kathedrale" and "Münster" all translate as "cathedral" in English. When I searched online, all explanations were in German and I could not quite understand them. Is there any difference in ...
4
votes
4answers
205 views

Adjective endings in accusative case and in comparison (neu/new)

This page suggests that neu/neuer is new/newer. This page suggests that "ein neuer Wagen" (a new car) is an identification of gender. Is it true that neuer can stand for both - and thus the only way ...
1
vote
1answer
272 views

Nominative / accusative - what to use with preposition “als” and constructions like “John the engineer”?

Sie halten Johannes der Ingenieur als der wichtigste Fachmann ihrer Firma. I don't know if I used the two "der" articles well. In the sentence "Sie halten den Mann" the accusative is obvious, ...
7
votes
2answers
138 views

Gibt es ein Verb für “Ein Zeichen wird durch seine Escape-Sequenz ersetzt”?

Beim Programmieren (oder LaTeX-Schreiben) müssen manche Zeichen durch Escape-Sequenzen ersetzt werden. Beispiel (in LaTeX): Ich habe 10$. Wird zu Ich habe 10\$. da $ ein für den mathmode ...
5
votes
3answers
134 views

What is the difference between “schmeichelhaft” and “schmeichlerisch”?

The words "schmeichelhaft" and "schmeichlerisch" seem to have the same meaning. Is there any difference in connotation between these words, e.g., contexts when you would use one and not the other?
0
votes
1answer
269 views

Schreibst du einen Brief an deinen Vater?

Please explain what are the cases (accusative, dative) here and why exactly those. Schreibst du einen Brief an deinen Vater? I assume that schreibst is a verb, ein Brief is a subject the same ...
13
votes
2answers
234 views

Is there a common origin for “to count on s.o.” / “auf jmd. zählen”

My girlfriend told me that the phrase "You can count on me" exists also in French, with the same meaning and as a literal translation to count on s.o. => to rely on s.o. In German, it is also ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

What's the meaning of “schon”?

Today in the class I heard German guy saying: "Ist der Platz schon frei?". Which supposedly means "Is this place already available/free?" and that makes no sense to me. What's the meaning of "schon" ...
3
votes
1answer
334 views

German phrasal verbs?

I know of German separable prefix verbs and of English phrasal verbs, but these examples seem to be of phrasal verbs on German that do not fall under the definition of separable prefix verbs: weg ...
8
votes
2answers
294 views

The use of stand alone prefixes of separable prefix verbs

I've encountered an example of using a prefix of a separable prefix verb by itself, and I was wondering what is the right way to use such prefixes this way: A: Mach die Tür bitte zu! B: Sie ist ...
4
votes
1answer
87 views

Article to go with plural accusative noun

I found this sentence in a magazine: Herr Minister, sind Sie mit den Ergebnissen des EU-Gipfels am 28. und 29. Juni in Brüssel zufrieden? I understand this as: Minister, are you happy with ...
7
votes
1answer
210 views

The suffix -sal, usage and examples

Here is an excerpt form the Book "German: An Essential Grammar": I was surprised to see the suffix -sal, of which I had never encountered. What is the usage of this of this suffix?

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