8
votes
3answers
828 views

Was ist das “Das(s)” für ein Ding: “Was du nicht willst das(s) man dir tu”?

Bei der Lektüre eines Buchs überraschte mich, dass der bekannte ethische Grundsatz aus der Lutherbibel "Was du nicht willst dass man dir tu', das füg' auch keinem anderen zu" mit einem Dass mit ...
2
votes
2answers
171 views

Can the accusative be in the first position in a sentence?

How would you translate the simple sentence: We write a long letter for our grandfather and a short one for our uncle? I tried as: Wir schreiben unserem Grossvater einen langen Brief, einen ...
3
votes
2answers
122 views

“to make faces” = “Gesichter machen”?

In English we talk about "making faces," "making funny faces," etc. Is this expressed the same way in German? E.g.: Das Baby macht lustige Gesichter, wenn es ein großes Geschäft in die Windel ...
1
vote
2answers
97 views

What is the relative position of complements when there's a time adverb?

Imagine that your mother tells you a story often. What would you say? Meine Mutter erzählte sie mir oft. Meine Mutter erzählte oft sie mir. I know that the temporal complement should go ...
43
votes
12answers
2k views

How can a native English speaker know when it is appropriate to use the polite (Sie) or the familiar (Du)?

In a language such as English, where there are no "built-in" (so to say) polite and familiar forms, what are some simple tips or guidelines for when to use the polite or the familiar forms? Are there ...
4
votes
2answers
89 views

Vergessen = “to forget” AND “to forget about”?

Kann man irgendwie auf eine Weise "forget about" sagen, die sich von einfach "vergessen" unterscheidet? z.B.: Mach dir keine Sorgen, Kleines! Wir haben dich nicht vergessen! (gesagt zu einem ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Difference between “Kind”and “Jugend” [duplicate]

I am interested in not only the literal but the figurative differences between "Kind" and "Jugend" Thanks for your input!
4
votes
3answers
432 views

“Mindestens” vs “zumindest”. Gibt es einen Unterschied?

Im Internet gibt es keinen klaren Unterschied dazwischen, aber meine Lehrerin hat mich mehrmals dafür verbessert (und danach habe ich den Unterschied wieder vergessen). Könnt ihr bitte auch ein paar ...
2
votes
2answers
399 views

Are German people always sure about the declension of a noun?

Talking about masculine nouns, German has the three categories weak/strong/mixed. Then the strong one is divided into three classes for the plural. A noun is placed into a particular category/class ...
4
votes
2answers
583 views

What are the differences between “jein” and “naja”?

After reading this related post, I started wondering: what are the differences between jein and naja? I am especially interested in any context(s) where only one of them would be correct or ...
5
votes
3answers
244 views

As someone learning German, what should I put on my flash cards for each part of speech?

What should I put on my German flash cards in order to know everything I'll need to know about that word? For example, I know for nouns I need to make sure to learn the gender and plural forms, since ...
5
votes
2answers
148 views

Das Wort “ich” in offiziellen Schreiben

Sollte man einen Anfang wie z.B. "Ich, <Name>, geboren in ..., bestätige dass ..." vermeiden? Gibt es bessere Alternativen statt "ich", die öfter verwendet werden, z.B. "Unterschreiber" oder ...
2
votes
4answers
178 views

What is the difference between “fallen” and “stürzen”?

What is the difference between these two words for "fall"? On a website I read the following: Halten Sie das Baby immer so sicher, daß es auf keinen Fall stürzen kann. Would the word "fallen" ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Why isn't the adjective declined just as the corresponding noun is? [closed]

Adjectives are divided into three classes according to the presence/absence of an article. But I don't understand why a certain adjective does not simply take the ending of the noun it refers to or ...
1
vote
2answers
104 views

“Aufheben” vs. “aufnehmen” for picking something up

I want to say, "I pick the baby up off the floor," but I'm having trouble deciding whether aufheben or aufnehmen is the correct word. Ich nehme das Baby vom Boden auf or Ich hebe das Baby ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Dativ von „jemand anderes“ – „jemandem anderen“ oder „jemand anderem“?

Wie wird am geläufigsten der Dativ und der Akkusativ von „jemand anderes“ gebildet? Gibt es ein Prinzip, nach welchem hier die Objektfälle gebildet werden, und wie lässt sich diese Frage ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

Equivalent to “Deutschamerikaner” for Americans living in Germany?

Wikipedia states: German Americans (German: Deutschamerikaner) are citizens of the United States who were either born in Germany or are of German ancestry. Is there an equivalent German ...
5
votes
2answers
143 views

Anything better than “weltweit” for “All over the world”?

I would like to say something like, "You have really lived all over the world!" ...like in response to someone saying they've been to many different countries. I did a Google search for this and ...
14
votes
8answers
1k views

Is “selbstbewusst” a negative word?

Sometimes I see translations of selbstbewusst as confident, arrogant or selfish. I would like to know if this word has a negative or positive denotation. If I call someone of selbstbewusst, is it a ...
6
votes
1answer
228 views

Reduplikation in der deutschen Sprache

Gemäss Wikipedia gibt es im deutschen beinahe keine Reduplikationen. Bei uns in der Schweiz sind diese aber in der gesprochenen Sprache sehr weit verbreitet. Beispiele dafür gibt es auch in ...
4
votes
3answers
286 views

Why is the -ow in place names pronounced the way it is?

Travelling in the northeast of Germany, I have noticed that there are a lot of place names ending in -ow, but it is not pronounced phonetically, but rather like the English word "oh", for example in ...
13
votes
2answers
334 views

Jein - a regionalism or the German-wide jargon?

I'm currently in Bavaria and I often hear the word jein, which means that answer could be either yes or no, depending what aspects are taken into account: Hast du das schon gemacht? Jein. Es ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

How to say “I come from Beijing, China” in German?

I am learning German now, I just learned how to say "where do you come from?" in German. I can say "I come from Beijing, China" in English, and I may say "Ich komme aus Beijing. Ich komme aus China." ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

R's: Trilled R, Uvular Fricative R, and Uvular Trill R

I've read that the Bavarian accent (or the southern regions in general) uses a trilled R -- IPA [r] -- instead of the "standard" voiced uvular fricative -- IPA [ʁ]. I've also read that the uvular ...
1
vote
1answer
196 views
7
votes
2answers
675 views

The pronoun “derer”

Wiktionary says it's the genitive, plural of "der" (which I thought was "deren"). I'm not only unsure how to use "derer" but also, what does it mean. Duden doesn't say too much either. Can somebody ...
6
votes
2answers
157 views

Welchen Fall benutzt man mit Phrasen wie “last year”?

Zum Beispiel im englischen Satz "Last year I visited Germany.", welchen Fall benutzt man? Letztes Jahr habe ich Deutschland besucht. Letztem Jahr habe ich Deutschland besucht. Ich glaube ...
2
votes
2answers
269 views

Artikel vs Artikelwort

Most grammars of German only call the definite and indefinite articles by the term "Artikel". This appears as utter nonsense to me, and I wonder whether someone can explain to me the reason for this ...
3
votes
4answers
506 views

How to say “to check the mail”?

I did a Google search for this and all of the hits related to checking one's e-mail. Can anyone tell me how to say "to check the mail" correctly in German? I think I've seen prüfen used for "to ...
4
votes
1answer
64 views

Usage of “vereinzelt” / Bedeutung von “vereinzelt”

In diesem Video (10:05) spricht der Altkanzler Helmut Schmidt. Wenn ich richtig verstanden habe: Wenn man sich die Gemeinschaft der Europäer [ EU-Länder ] vorstellt, als eine die in der Eurozone ...
2
votes
2answers
102 views

“Strahlen” vs “Strahler”

I was searching for company names, and reached to a German word 'Strahlen' through Google. As per Google it meant 'rays'. I need a suggestion that, what is the exact meaning of 'Strahlen' and ...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

Warum wird “wohlgesinnt” von “wohlgesonnen” verdrängt?

Man liest und hört heute häufig den folgenden Satz: Er ist mir wohlgesonnen Nun ist "wohlgesonnen" aber grammatikalisch nicht richtig, denn es muss "wohlgesinnt" heißen. Der Duden listet ...
5
votes
1answer
136 views

When speaking about oneself, should Konjunktiv I or Indikativ be used?

I was reading about the use of Konjunktiv I, and read that it is really only used by reporters. However, this got me thinking, if I were a reporter, and I were talking about something I said, would ...
15
votes
4answers
804 views

Difference between “ziemlich” & “ganz”

I learned that ziemlich means "quite, rather" and ganz means "whole, entire." but I just encountered this tweet: ganz leichter Schneefall. sehr dekorativ. My dictionary agrees that ganz can also ...
2
votes
2answers
315 views

Wie sagt man “Do you know if something?” auf Deutsch?

Wie kann man sagen z.B. "Do you know if there's a bar in Munich?" auf Deutsch? Oder "Do you know if we have a midterm exam tomorrow?"
3
votes
2answers
122 views

How do you translate this: Ich messe meiner Zeit Wert zu

I have difficulties to understand this phrase: Ich messe meiner Zeit Wert zu How would you translate it?
5
votes
1answer
191 views

What's the meaning of 'erl'?

"Erlkönig" (also called "Der Erlkönig") is a poem by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. By wiki I know that the word könig means 'king', but what's the meaning of erl? Is it devil, elf, or genie?
1
vote
2answers
272 views

How do you say “over the hump” in German?

Google translate gives "über den Berg", which seems wrong. It translated "hump" as "mountain," but "hump" is a small obstacle, not a large one. The context was a comment I left on a post, If you ...
5
votes
1answer
139 views

Position der Konjuktion “aber”

Könnten Sie mir mit einem Beispiel helfen? Das ist die Aufgabe: Wo kann "aber" im Satz stehen? Tom liebt Torte, (a) er (b) muss (c) auf seine Gewicht achten. Ich denke, dass "aber" nur an den ...
10
votes
1answer
118 views

Apostrophe with or without space? (»mit’m« vs. »mit ’m«)

In § 97 of the Amtliches Regelwerk (2006) (PDF) it says: Man kann den Apostroph setzen, wenn Wörter gesprochener Sprache mit Auslassungen bei schriftlicher Wiedergabe undurchsichtig sind. As ...
7
votes
2answers
162 views

Aufzählung: Numerus und Kasus

Es geht um folgenden Satz: Was ich habe, ist Mut, Entschlossenheit und der Drang, nicht auf die Nase zu fallen. Die "ist"-oder-"sind"-Frage. Ich habe mich des folgenden Threads bedient: ...
8
votes
2answers
172 views

Welche Präpositionen folgen auf “Portierung” (Softwareportierung)?

Ich bin gerade über einen Titel gestolpert: "Portierung eines Verfahrens von Matlab zu C++ in Qt". Mein Sprachgefühl würde in dieser Situation lieber "Portierung von ... nach ..." verwenden. Ich habe ...
2
votes
3answers
333 views

“I was working” in German

How can I say "I was working." in German? I was thinking: Ich war arbeiten. But I feel that is totally wrong.
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Dictionary abbreviation meanings: “jdm”, “jdn”, “etw”,

While I'm studying German vocabulary from a dictionary, I constantly see that the definitions of verbs have abbreviations next to them, such as "jdm: jemandem" and "jdn: jemanden" and "etw: etwas". I ...
5
votes
2answers
571 views

Meaning and construction of “Ich bedanke mich”

I started studying German few months ago. I started reading "Der Nussknacker (Niveau Eins)". I found this Ich bedanke mich but I can not really understand what does it mean and its ...
3
votes
1answer
276 views

Most common Präteritum / Imperfekt forms in written German?

I have a German examination in two weeks, which includes two comprehensions of about CEFR-B1 level. (An example of this exam from 2012 can be found here.) I have worked up to over 2000 of the most ...
1
vote
2answers
229 views

On-line German tutors [closed]

I don't know if here is the best place to ask that, I need a German tutor to help me to communicate in German via chat and sometimes voice. Do you know any sites (free or not) which can provide me ...
6
votes
3answers
173 views

How to say 'of which'

In a recent essay about school I wrote: Ich hatte Fächer, die mir ganz gut gefallen: Deutsch, Mathe und Chemie, deren mein Lieblingsfach Deutsch ist. It was all marked as correct other than the ...
5
votes
2answers
299 views

The use of an infinitive with the pronoun “es”

I have seen a few examples where one uses an infinitive with the pronoun "es." Namely, in the movie Downfall (Der Untergang), Hitler says: Es bleiben im Raum: Keitel, Jodl, Krebs und Burgdorf. ...
5
votes
1answer
971 views

Correct usage of “sogar” and “einmal” to mean “even”

I would appreciate any clarification on the correct usage of sogar and einmal as translations of the English word "even" when used in the following sense: He didn't drink anything...not even the ...

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