All Questions

14
votes
8answers
2k views

Is “selbstbewusst” a negative word?

Sometimes I see translations of selbstbewusst as confident, arrogant or selfish. I would like to know if this word has a negative or positive denotation. If I call someone of selbstbewusst, is it a ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Meaning and construction of “Ich bedanke mich”

I started studying German few months ago. I started reading "Der Nussknacker (Niveau Eins)". I found this Ich bedanke mich but I can not really understand what does it mean and its ...
2
votes
3answers
373 views

“I was working” in German

How can I say "I was working." in German? I was thinking: Ich war arbeiten. But I feel that is totally wrong.
7
votes
2answers
193 views

Aufzählung: Numerus und Kasus

Es geht um folgenden Satz: Was ich habe, ist Mut, Entschlossenheit und der Drang, nicht auf die Nase zu fallen. Die "ist"-oder-"sind"-Frage. Ich habe mich des folgenden Threads bedient: ...
1
vote
2answers
308 views

On-line German tutors [closed]

I don't know if here is the best place to ask that, I need a German tutor to help me to communicate in German via chat and sometimes voice. Do you know any sites (free or not) which can provide me ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Correct usage of “sogar” and “einmal” to mean “even”

I would appreciate any clarification on the correct usage of sogar and einmal as translations of the English word "even" when used in the following sense: He didn't drink anything...not even the ...
6
votes
1answer
291 views

Reduplikation in der deutschen Sprache

Gemäss Wikipedia gibt es im deutschen beinahe keine Reduplikationen. Bei uns in der Schweiz sind diese aber in der gesprochenen Sprache sehr weit verbreitet. Beispiele dafür gibt es auch in ...
8
votes
1answer
277 views

Word composition in German

When we have a German word composed of two or more terms, is there always an 's' between the two words? Someone who lived in Germany for a long time told me that there is always an 's', but as far as ...
3
votes
2answers
260 views

What is the children's song “Zehn kleine Zappelfinger” about?

Can anyone explain what the children's song "Zehn kleine Zappelfinger" is about? Zehn kleine Zappelfinger zappeln hin und her. Zehn kleine Zappelfinger finden´s gar nicht schwer. Zehn ...
2
votes
2answers
410 views

Wie sagt man “Do you know if something?” auf Deutsch?

Wie kann man sagen z.B. "Do you know if there's a bar in Munich?" auf Deutsch? Oder "Do you know if we have a midterm exam tomorrow?"
1
vote
2answers
589 views

Distinction between “sei” and “war”

I've seen "sei" a fair bit lately and it seems to indicate something that has happened in the past. Example: Die Ärztin hatte meiner Mutter gesagt, dass meine Leber kurz vor der Zirrhose sei. ...
8
votes
2answers
401 views

“Etwa” vs “ungefähr”. Gibt es einen Unterschied?

Ich weiß nicht, ob es einen Unterschied zwischen etwa und ungefähr gibt und wann man welches Wort benutzt.
7
votes
1answer
210 views

When to use possessive pronouns vs. dative pronoun + definite article

German uses a reflexive dative pronoun and a regular definite article in many places where English would use a possessive pronoun. For example: I broke my leg. Ich habe mir das Bein gebrochen. ...
2
votes
2answers
174 views

Konjuktiv II Beispiel: “beginnen” oder “begonnen”?

Ich habe an einer Aufgabe gearbeitet und ich habe ein kleines Problem. Ich verstehe die Aufgabe nicht. Das ist mein Problem. Ich soll im folgenden Satz Konjuktiv II ausfüllen. Wenn ich noch ...
14
votes
2answers
974 views

Difference between “Es sind” and “Es gibt” for asserting existence of something

In English we say There are... and I know that I've seen es gibt used in German. I've also seen es sind. Are these phrases identical? There are many flowers in the garden = Es gibt viele Blumen ...
6
votes
3answers
549 views

Why is the verb not in second position

I studied that the verb is always in second position in a sentence. The I came across this sentence: Insbesondere das zweite Buch ist wichtig. I could not find an answer here, why is the verb in ...
3
votes
2answers
179 views

What is the polite way to ask if I should talk in 'Sie' or 'du' terms with the Person

It frequently happens that I am unsure whether to talk to a person in Sie or du terms. Most of the time, I wait till the person himself gives some hint. Or I talk in Sie. But what is the polite way to ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

“Lieber, sehr geehrter Herr X”: wie antworten?

Folgende Situation: Sie kontaktieren Firma A in einer geschäftlichen Angelegenheit. Der Telefonanruf wird an Frau B duchgestellt, gemeinsam mit ihrem Ehemann geschäftsführende Gesellschafterin des ...
4
votes
2answers
319 views

Is writing “Herr Prof. X” exaggerated/mandatory? Is it old-fashioned?

How necessary or exaggerated is the following Anrede? "Sehr geehrter Herr Prof. X" bzw. "Sehr geehrte Frau Dr. Z" I mean, should I write Herr Prof. X, or is Prof. X enough? Also, is it ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Etwas anschauen vs. ansehen = to look at?

Can anschauen and ansehen both be used to say that you are looking at something? For example, "Ich schaue das Foto an" vs. "Ich sehe mir das Foto an"? I think I have seen these verbs used ...
3
votes
2answers
147 views

How do you translate this: Ich messe meiner Zeit Wert zu

I have difficulties to understand this phrase: Ich messe meiner Zeit Wert zu How would you translate it?
4
votes
1answer
694 views

Is there a practical difference between “e” and “ä”?

The e and ä are considered as different phonemes. In practice, do people make and notice the difference? Which problems, if any, would not bothering to make such difference lead to?
6
votes
2answers
555 views

Does German phonetics fully determine the spelling?

It is clear that there are different, equally valid ways to read a word in German (e.g. alveolar or uvular r, etc.) How true is the converse statement: phonetics fully determine the spelling? I'm ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Dativ von „jemand anderes“ – „jemandem anderen“ oder „jemand anderem“?

Wie wird am geläufigsten der Dativ und der Akkusativ von „jemand anderes“ gebildet? Gibt es ein Prinzip, nach welchem hier die Objektfälle gebildet werden, und wie lässt sich diese Frage ...
2
votes
2answers
800 views

Good short stories for learning German? [closed]

I'm trying to learn german and I think I would really benefit from reading short stories in german. Possibly with a translation. So do you know any good sites that can offer me that?
5
votes
2answers
345 views

“Fehlen” weak, “empfehlen” strong. But “finden” and “empfinden” both strong. Cases when [some_verb] conjugates differently from [prefix+some_verb]?

Compare this pair: finden - strong conjugation empfinden - strong conjugation [exactly the same] With this pair: fehlen - weak conjugation empfehlen - strong conjugation ...
14
votes
3answers
401 views

Is there a 'da-' construct with 'ohne'? if not, are there any more prepositions that can't form 'da-' constructs

I'm talking about "damit, daraus, darauf, darin, da-..." I've never heard "darohne" or anything like that, and according to the dictionary, nothing like that exists. Can anyone explain a bit and ...
11
votes
1answer
188 views

Grammaticality of “original italienisches Eis”

Something you will often find is a phrase like the one given in the title: original italienisches Eis. What kind of word is original here though? An adverb? Shouldn't this phrase either read ...
1
vote
2answers
352 views

Alternate sentence construction using “lassen”

The sentence: "Er hat Reim in seinem Gedicht benutzt." My instructor has suggested that I rewrite the sentence using "a more sophisticated construction, such as one with 'lassen'." How would I do ...
3
votes
1answer
161 views

Can “liegen” be used for people?

Can "liegen" be used for people. For instance I am here. - Ich liege hier. or it is wrong? Is Ich bin hier better?
8
votes
3answers
364 views

What is the etymology of “eh” in “Ich habe eh nichts zu machen”?

My question is straightforward: What is the etymology of eh? Could eh in Ich habe eh nichts zu machen be an abbreviation for eher? (I spelled eh with an h because the e seems to be pronounced ...
7
votes
4answers
671 views

When does one write numbers with words, when with figures (e.g. “drei” statt “3”)?

Assuming it is not completely irrelevant, when does one write the numbers with words? Sie isst drei Äpfel or Sie isst 3 Äpfel. Assuming that there is a rule, is it just an aesthetics ...
6
votes
3answers
190 views

“Film” verhält sich zu “Verfilmung” wie “Computerspiel” zu..?

Wenn ein Film produziert wird, der auf einer Literaturvorlage, Comic, Computerspiel etc. basiert, dann nennt man das "Verfilmung". Wie nennt man analog das Produzieren eines Computerspiels, das z.B. ...
5
votes
1answer
90 views

“Visual saliency” auf Deutsch

Ich lese zur Zeit ein Paper, in dem der Ausdruck "visual saliency" immer wieder vorkommt, z.B. im folgenden Kontext: In a user study, the authors evaluated in which way and how much the visual ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

»Passt das dir?« oder »Passt dir das?«?

Welcher Satz ist richtig? Ich glaube, der erste, weil das das Subjekt ist Passt das dir? oder Passt dir das?
3
votes
1answer
112 views

What does “Kantenblatt” mean?

What does "Kantenblatt" mean? I did not find it in a dictionary. I know that "Blatt" is a kind of list.
5
votes
2answers
161 views

»Vergiss nicht den Reisepass« oder »Vergiss den Reisepass nicht«?

Welcher Satz ist richtig? Vergiss nicht den Reisepass. Vergiss den Reisepass nicht.
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Wieso schafft man wie ein “Brunnenputzer”?

Im Schwäbischen gibt es die Redewendung "der schafft wie ein Brunnenputzer" für hart arbeitende Menschen. Er arbeitete sich vom Verkäufer zum Marketing-Direktor hoch. Die ersten 15 Berufsjahre ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

“I want to” vs. “I like to” vs. “I have to”

How do you say the following in German? I want to eat an apple. I like to eat apples. I have to eat an apple. Can you apply the same context to all verbs?
10
votes
2answers
557 views

A strange greeting! Servos?

Ever since I have arrived in Germany, I have been picking up words I hear often and then going back home to check their meanings. There is one word that still baffles me. It is a form of greeting. ...
-6
votes
1answer
405 views

Can someone give the examples ( few sentences ) with words: da, deutete, dabei? [closed]

I read a book on german and meet these words very often, but the context still not clearly for me. So I want to see a few examples with these 3 words with translation. upd As I read a book further ...
2
votes
3answers
306 views

Phonetic help for 'Frobenius'

My intuition says ['fʁɔbɪnjuːs] but not sure about it. BTW, The person in question is 'Ferdinand Georg Frobenius' (the mathematician).
5
votes
1answer
326 views

Wie werden die (modischen) Flicken an Ärmeln bezeichnet?

Ich beobachte in jüngster Zeit einen Modetrend hin zu diesen Flicken an dem Ärmeln, auf Höhe der Ellenbogen, rückseitig. Haben diese Flicken einen besonderen Namen, abgesehen von "ovale Flicken am ...
6
votes
1answer
282 views

Verwendung von Nein nach negativen Fragen

F: "Darf ich das nicht?" A: "Nein" Entgegen des rein Logischen Sinnes --> "Ja du darfst das" ist hier "Nein [du darfst das nicht]" gemeint! Warum? Existiert diese Phänomen auch in der ...
3
votes
2answers
182 views

“All things being equal” auf deutsch

Was ist eine gute (d. h. für geschriebenes Deutsch) Übersetzung des englischen All things being equal...
0
votes
1answer
163 views

German Pre-fixes - Do they carry meaning? [duplicate]

I frequently come across words like versprechen, erhalten, beliefern. Because my vocabulary is limited, i can detect that the verbs sprechen, halten and liefern were spoken but i do not know what ...
4
votes
2answers
406 views

Adding -es to adjectives after “etwas”

"traurig" and other adjectives get an -es affix after "etwas" (e.g., etwas trauriges) What are the conditions for this affixation? Does this have anything to do with case?
5
votes
2answers
222 views

What is the proper use of the word “bang?”

The original context is "Bang fleht ein liebkranker Mann." (Viljaslied, Die Lustige Witwe). I once wrote a poem beginning, Ich schaue dich so gerne an. Du liesst mich immer so BANG. Bang is ...
4
votes
4answers
446 views

Ways to die in German

I want to learn the different shades of meaning and frequency of use of the following verbs that have the meaning of to die: ableben abtreten erlöschen krepieren sterben versterben ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

'auf' oder 'an der' Bushaltestelle?

Welcher Satz ist Richtig? Ich bin auf der Bushaltestelle warten oder ich bin an der Bushaltestelle warten? UND der Bus ist auf der Bushaltestelle? oder der Bus ist an der ...

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