1
vote
2answers
7k views

“Schönes Wochenende” versus “Schönen Wochenende”

Is there any preference to using "Schönes Wochenende" or "Schönen Wochenende" as a parting statement? Are they both allowed, or is there a preference for one over the other? Different people have told ...
15
votes
4answers
669 views

“Der Dativ ist dem Genitiv sein Tod”: is German really loosing Genitiv? (Evolutionary viewpoint)

"Der Dativ ist dem Genitiv sein Tod" is an interesting German phrase which originates this question. I'm interested in knowing how true is it/will it be. Has German always had four cases? Or were ...
0
votes
1answer
106 views

how to translate `extend`

I have extended a casual friendly greeting towards her. Specially how do you translate the word extend in this context? Also How do you translate this: I am stating it outright!
0
votes
3answers
265 views

“Für”, “gegen”, “um” — which to use when? [closed]

All three accusative prepositions für, gegen, and um can mean "for" in certain situations. Can anybody give examples when to use which of the three?
2
votes
2answers
750 views

What is the essential semantic difference between “sein” and “werden” for passive voice?

I know that in German the passive voice is formed with both sein and werden: Das Haus wird gebaut or Das Haus ist gebaut Are these two forms of the passive voice interchangeable?
5
votes
3answers
139 views

German word for “probability score” or “likelihood”?

Ich suche Leute, die sowohl eine gewisse mathematische Grundbildung als auch gute Deutsch- und Englischkenntnisse haben. Speziell geht es um folgende Frage: Wie bezeichnet man im Deutschen einen ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

I have allowed (smth) vs. I have been allowed (smth)

If I am correct I have allowed smth would be rendered in German as Ich habe etwas gedurft and I have been allowed smth would be rendered as Ich bin etwas gedurft worden. Are these correct? If not, ...
4
votes
3answers
493 views

What is the technically correct English translation of this poem?

Weißt du, ich will mich schleichen leise aus lautem Kreis, wenn ich erst die bleichen Sterne über den Eichen blühen weiß. Wege will ich erkiesen, die selten wer betritt in ...
3
votes
3answers
475 views

Doch vs. noch/gar?

Und viele mancher Kollegen wüssten doch noch gar nicht, dass sie nicht wieder kommen würden.[FAZ] How can doch noch gar be translated, when, according to my dictionary, both doch and noch can ...
3
votes
2answers
164 views

What does “Was hat Kim Jong Un mit Texas vor?” mean?

hat... mit... vor According to my dictionary, this is etw mit jdm/etw vorhaben = to intend doing sth with sb/sth. So, the question about Kim should be rendered in English as "What does Kim intend ...
3
votes
2answers
75 views

The adjective grauenkalt

I've only seen the word 'grauenkalt' in a line from the song, 'Dieses Leben,' by Juli. The line is: "Diese Nacht ist grauenkalt und schwer." I looked up the verb 'grauen,' and it means both 'to ...
1
vote
2answers
117 views

What is the difference between “na” and “nicht”?

When do I use "na" or "nicht" in German? For example, na gut vs nicht gut, is there a difference? Which is grammatical? Na klar vs nicht klar, are both grammatical?
3
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the difference between “um” and “am”?

What is the difference between "um" and "am" in German? e.g. um 8 Uhr vs am 8 Uhr
5
votes
5answers
159 views

What does “durchwebt” mean?

I know that weben means to weave or to spin. But no such word as durchwebt. Source: Wie Amazon die Cloud durchwebt
2
votes
1answer
180 views

What does “Die Weichen waren gestellt” mean?

I am reading Peter Zolling´s "Deutsche Geschichte von 1871 bis zur Gegenwart". Can someone please help me understand the sentence: Die Weichen waren gestellt?
0
votes
2answers
384 views

Isn't “sie” always supposed to be capitalized?

A friend wrote this sentence: und sie sagt... Isn't "sie" always supposed to be capitalized?
5
votes
2answers
140 views

Ist es richtig, wenn das -e im sprachlichen Gebrauch des Imperativs oft fallen gelassen wird?

Bsp. Gespräch: Person1: "Ich möchte meinem Opa persönlich zum Geburtstag gratulieren, aber kann nicht zu ihm fahren." Person2: "Schreib ihm doch einen handgeschriebenen Brief." Wenn Person2 ...
2
votes
1answer
141 views

What is the punctuation rule in this German sentence?

What are my punctuation options here: He said: «When will you come?» or: «When will you come»? How else can I punctuate that sentence to the standards of the German?
9
votes
1answer
147 views

Onten und uben: mistake or on purpose?

"Denn auch onten und uben liegen viel näher beieinander, als uns die SPD und die Linkspartei glauben machen wollen" (source) I haven't been able to find "onten" and "uben" in any dictionary. Also, I ...
7
votes
2answers
832 views

Should one necessarily learn, when a verb goes with Dativ and when with Akkusativ?

Should one necessarily learn, when a verb goes with Dativ and when with Akkusativ, or can it be deduced? How to determine if a verb in question induces akkusativ or dativ? If there are direct object ...
4
votes
3answers
577 views

What is the Deutsch equivalent of the English phrase “F@#k me”?

In English I say "f@#$ me" a lot to show annoyance with myself. So, I'm not trying to say "f@#$-me" in the sexual way such as "f@#k-me" boots etc. Is there a way to say this in the German used in ...
8
votes
3answers
488 views

What do you call being “on hold” on the telephone in German?

In the situation that someone (in the room) might ask you, Sind Sie am Telefon? and I am indeed on a call but being on hold, and thus I can still speak while waiting to be put through, I'd like ...
4
votes
3answers
288 views

Synonym für “ob”?

Das Wort "ob" kann zwei Bedeutungen/Verwendungszwecke haben, siehe Duden hier (Präposition) und hier (Konjunktion). Wenn ich nun einen Satz wie folgt konstruiere: Man sollte sich ob der Ironie ...
0
votes
2answers
427 views

What are the historical reasons behind false friends English/German (and reverse)? [closed]

I've recently encountered the verb "bekommen", which, to my surprise, is not "to become" but "to receive". This is one example of a false friend English/German. One other, more evident example is ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

Placement of the objective subordinate clause

I have this sentence to translate: Your sister has promised to visit me. I tried with: Deine Schwester hat mich zu besuchen versprochen, but I feel it as being wrong. I would also say: ...
0
votes
1answer
764 views

German/English dictionary with native audio for Android?

I'm learning German and I'm not sure who the accurate German dictionary publishers are...in English there are dictionaries that always have too many errors such as Collins. So, what publisher should I ...
7
votes
1answer
794 views

When does one use “von” and when “durch” to form the passive?

I've learnt that to form a passive sentence from an active one, one uses "von" and then one mentions the Subjekt of the aktiv sentence: Hans isst den Apfel. ---> Der Apfel wird von Hans gegessen. ...
6
votes
3answers
9k views

German shows/movies with German subtitles

I've found resources for German shows with English subtitles and vice versa, but I can't find German shows (either serials or movies) with German subtitles. Are there any online resources for this? ...
4
votes
1answer
243 views

Is there a pattern in the formation of compound verbs via prefixes?

Compound German verbs are formed as prefix + basic verb So, if you have the verb X you can have its compounds by adding one prefix to it. I'm asking whether a certain prefix carries always the ...
4
votes
2answers
122 views

When pronouncing ach Laut as an uvular sound, can you trill?

According to the wiki page: [x] occurs after /uː oː/ (for instance in Buch [buːx] 'book') and [χ] after /a aː/ (for instance in Bach [baχ] 'brook'), while either [x] or [χ] may occur after /ʊ ...
2
votes
1answer
631 views

Pronunciation of ‘ich’ in Rammstein songs

AFAIU, the h-sound in the English ‘huge’ is exactly the German ich-sound (e.g. in nicht). But I've noticed in a number of Rammstein songs, it's pronounced as ‘ish’. Is this regional or is it the ...
2
votes
1answer
203 views

Pronouncing bitte vs bitter

In Paul Joyce's German Course, he pronounces the ending of 'bitter' (sound link) with a roll. This is very different from the vocalic r I've been taught, and very different from the pronunciations on ...
9
votes
3answers
4k views

When to use “bezahlen” and when “zahlen”?

Leo shows that both bezahlen and zahlen are translated as "to pay". I noticed that people sometimes use the one, and sometimes the other. So, when to use bezahlen and when zahlen?
1
vote
3answers
257 views

What's the difference between “tun” and “antun”?

What is the difference between those two words? Are they interchangeable? Could you please provide some examples of their usage?
3
votes
1answer
102 views

Nach Hackfleischspieß Art?

Ich war gerade in der Mittagspause und stolperte bei einem Kleinimbiss über folgenden Ausdruck: Döner Kebab (nach Hackfleischspieß Art) Worüber ich mich nun wunderte ist, was dies für eine ...
6
votes
1answer
269 views

Nominativ-Ergänzung und Passiv

Im Deutschen ist es möglich, einen Passivsatz ohne Subjekt zu bilden: Hier wird gearbeitet. Das ist immer dann der Fall, wenn die Aktiv-Situation intransitiv ist. Die Abwesenheit eines ...
7
votes
3answers
216 views

Nouns with 2 genitive forms (-s/-es). When to use each?

Wiktionary lists 2 genitive forms for a lot of nouns (e.g. Berg, Brauch), -es and -s. For these words and others, are these forms interchangeable or are they regional? Or is one more poetic sounding ...
10
votes
3answers
791 views

Difference between “ihr” and “dessen”

If I want to say: “He is their son”, which is correct: Er ist ihr Sohn. Er ist deren Sohn. What is the difference (if any) between ihr and deren in the meaning of their?
7
votes
4answers
314 views

Ist die Redewendung “das mache ich mit links” diskriminierend?

Neulich sagte ich angesichts der recht übersichtlichen Menge an Arbeit zu meinem Kollegen: "Ach, das machen wir doch mit links." Worauf dieser, ein Linkshänder, halb scherzhaft meinte, dass man ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Plural von “Szenario”? Szenarien oder Szenarios?

Welches ist die korrekte Form? Ich habe es ursprünglich als "Szenarien" gelernt, meine Rechtschreibprüfung will mich aber überzeugen, daß Szenarios korrekt(er?) sei. Ein alter Duden kennt nur ...
8
votes
5answers
565 views

Your point being?

How would you translate "your point being?". Best thing I can come up with is "Und?". But that only works if the context is there. Is there some more "correct" translation?
1
vote
0answers
47 views

What case for time expressions? [duplicate]

What is the appropriate case for time expressions that don't involve a preposition? Letzten Monat sah ich ihn. (accusative) Letzter Monat sah ich ihn. (nominative)
3
votes
2answers
769 views

Written vs. Spoken German

Some teachers (and their books) are used to emphasize that there are certain structures used in "written German". For instance, I was told that Präteritum is rather used in texts and not so common in ...
1
vote
2answers
180 views

Associate the possessive adjective to a neutral noun

You want to associate the possessive adjective to the possessor (noun). If you have a masculine noun, you use sein/seine/sein If the possessor is feminine, you use ihr/ihre/ihr What about ...
3
votes
2answers
205 views

Chatty expression in German

There are chatty expressions in English, like in the middle of a conversation someone says: [Getting angry] Does it work the same in German? as in [sauer werden] Or such a thing isn't ...
5
votes
1answer
164 views

Präteritum of “sein” in Southern dialects

As in Southern dialects the Präteritum or Mitvergangenheit is often dropped in favor of the perfect tense, I was wondering about some things regarding the "i wår" (apparently the Präteritum of "sein") ...
5
votes
1answer
318 views

Ist “verunmöglichen” Standarddeutsch?

Ist das Wort "verunmöglichen" als Gegensatz von "ermöglichen" Standarddeutsch? Bin darüber schon mehrfach gestolpert, aber das Wort "fühlt" sich irgendwie schräg an.
3
votes
1answer
65 views

Regel für Abtrennung des Vornamens vom vorangestellten Nachnamen

Wo steht die Regel, dass der vorangestellte Nachname vom nachfolgend geschriebenen Vornamen durch ein Komma getrennt wird?
2
votes
1answer
88 views

What is the proper current tense?

I have two sentences which in my eyes mean the same, but I don't know which one is the proper current tense is in German. Zahlung information aktualisieren, I think this means, Refreshing payment ...
5
votes
1answer
215 views

Wie entstand aus “Sicht” die “Zuversicht”?

Schon länger frage ich mich, wie man die Etymologie von "Zuversicht" erkärt. Im Duden wird knapp aufgeführt mittelhochdeutsch zuoversiht, althochdeutsch zuofirsiht Duden und auch das ...

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