8
votes
4answers
499 views

Why is there a definite article precedent to a name?

I was talking to a native German speaker and he tends to introduce himself like this: Ich bin der Philipp. Why "der"?
5
votes
1answer
193 views

Other interpretations of “darf niemand hier nein”

In this prayer: Ich bin klein, mein herz ist rein, darf niemand hier nein, als Jesus allein. I was taught that the third line ("darf niemand hier nein") translates into English ...
10
votes
1answer
160 views

Vorläufer für “Wer traut sich jetzt noch Präsident?”

In der heutigen Heute-Sendung um 19:00 Uhr und der anschließenden Diskussionsrunde wurde gefragt: "Wer traut sich jetzt noch Präsident?" d.h. das "... zu werden" wurde verschluckt, bzw. Präsident ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Vague “daherkommen”

Why the meaning of the intransitive verb "daherkommen" is quite equivocal (I suppose)? Der Glaube an Gott, Familie und deutsche Einheit kommt meist polemisch daher, gegen den politischen Gegner ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Woher kommt das Wort “Heia”?

Das Wort Heia für Bett haben meine Eltern in meiner Kindheit oft verwendet wenn es für mich Zeit war schlafen zu gehen: Heia machen ( = schlafen gehen) in die Heia gehen ( = ins Bett gehen ) ...
11
votes
2answers
155 views

What is the original meaning of the augmentative “stock-”?

For several adjectives we can build an augmentative by adding the prefix "stock-" Gestern Nacht war es hier stockfinster. Stocksteif bleib er stehen und bewegte sich nicht von der Stelle. Hans ...
6
votes
6answers
208 views

“Ansatz” isn't thoroughly defined in German dictionaries!

What's the meaning of "Ansatz" in these sentences? Could someone paraphrase them in German?: Der Ansatz für Multikulti ist gescheitert, absolut gescheitert! Ansätze zu einem besseren ...
5
votes
1answer
183 views

Deklination eines Adjektivs zwischen Zahlwort und Nomen

Wenn in einem Satz die Rede von sämtlichen Dingen (plural) ist und zwischen sämtliche und dem Nomen ein Adjektiv ist: Endet dieses auf -en oder auf -e? Beispiel: Heisst es XY erfüllt sämtliche ...
3
votes
2answers
144 views

Accent placement in “Waldfräulein”

I understand that Fräulein is lexically accented (stressed) more on the first syllable than the second; wiktionary shows IPA pronunciation as /ˈfʁɔɪ̯laɪ̯n/, /ˈfʁɔlaɪ̯n/, and also wikipedia says ...
6
votes
4answers
800 views

Has “scheiße” become a “normal” word?

The reason I put this topic here is not trying to pull attention to the question by using swear words, but because of asking this myself the other day, when I heard this in Sunday school. I ...
6
votes
1answer
164 views

When do we omit the trailing “-e” in 1st person singular?

When I hear Germans speak - but sometimes in writing too - I observe that the trailing "-e" from verbs in 1st singular person is often omitted: "Ich geh mal schnell zur Tanke." "Ich krieg noch ...
8
votes
3answers
213 views

What is the meaning and origin of “Butzen”?

Presently around the Swabian-Alemannic "Fasnet" we can often read of "Butzenzunft", or "Butzenlauf", or "Butzen", obviously referring to people in traditional costumes. Image showing a "Butzen" ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

The prefix “ver-” and its meaning

I came across an article about the prefix "ver-" and its meaning. Welche Bedeutung hat das Präfix "ver-" in diesen Verben? A – eine Handlung bis zum Ende durchführen B – von einem Ort ...
5
votes
3answers
217 views

Wie nennt man eine Wortveredelung durch Komposition?

Immer wieder begegnet man vor allem in der Werbung und bei Produktbezeichnungen einer eigenartigen Wortneuschöpfung durch Bildung von zusammengesetzten Wörtern wie: Edelschokolade Landmilch ...
5
votes
3answers
297 views

Why the “-es” in phrases like “etwas Nasses”?

I was listening to a German audiobook this morning, and I noticed two phrases: etwas Nasses etwas Großes I can't be sure of the capitalization, since I was hearing it, not reading it. They were ...
4
votes
1answer
169 views

Am I writing these numerals correctly as words?

Please let me know if there is something wrong in the following examples: am 12. April 1961 – am zwölften April, neunzehnhunderteinsundsechzig Jahre mit 35 Jahren – mit fünfunddreißig ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

What is the meaning of “Mensch” when used between friends or family members?

I met a long-time couple recently, and I frequently heard the wife calling her husband "Mensch." As an example, at one point she asked "Was ist das, Mensch?" and at another "Ach, Du ...
13
votes
2answers
2k views

“Du hast da noch ein Bier zu stehen” - richtig oder falsch?

In Berlin und Umgebung ist es üblich, Infinitive mit “zu” zu versehen, wenn es darum geht, einen Zustand bzw. eine aktuelle Lage zu beschreiben, etwa wie: “du hast deinen Taschenrechner noch ...
18
votes
8answers
1k views

What is the best German translation for the useful word “issue” when describing a problem?

I would like to say the following in German: Unfortunately, we could not reproduce the Save-as-XML issue that you are experiencing on your computer. but I cannot find a word other than ...
6
votes
2answers
245 views

Why do you say “in diesem Sinne” if “Sinne” is a feminine noun?

The LEO page for "Sinne" shows that the noun Sinne is a feminine noun, yet is used in the phrase "in diesem Sinne". Shouldn't that be "in dieser Sinne"?
6
votes
4answers
417 views

How can we translate “Don't be a wuss (or cry-baby)” into German?

I'd like to know how should we translate "Don't be a wuss (or cry-baby)" into German?
3
votes
2answers
730 views

Englische Worte in deutscher Grammatik - aber wie?

Tagtäglich benutzt man Worte aus dem Englischen im Deutschen, gerade im IT-Umfeld, aus dem ich stamme, sind sie allgegenwärtig. Bei Nomen ist der Begriff selbst unverändert, hier stellt sich nur die ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Wie heißt es richtig, Masterthesis oder Masterarbeit?

Ich schreibe gerade an meiner deutschsprachigen Abschlussarbeit und wurde darauf angesprochen, warum auf meinem Titelblatt "Masterthesis" steht. Sollte es richtig "Masterthesis" oder "Masterarbeit" ...
4
votes
2answers
644 views

Was ist “Umgangssprache”?

Immer wieder verwende ich beim Schreiben Ausdrücke aus der sogenannten "Umgangssprache". Auch hier bei uns wurde "Umgangssprache" und "umgangssprachlich" schon mehrfach genannt. Eine klare Definition ...
4
votes
1answer
222 views

How do we overcome ambiguity when using the particle “wohl”?

The particle "wohl" can be used in two different meanings: "Auf GL&U kann man sich vorzüglich über Deutsch informieren." "Das ist wohl wahr." - This is probably true. "Das ist wohl ...
6
votes
2answers
729 views

Words for the degree of carbonation of German mineral water

A typical situation when having guests at home or the office, is - since you know they will have to drive - after asking about their desire for non-alcoholic beverages getting the following reply: ...
23
votes
3answers
1k views

How do synchronous interpreters handle long German split verb sentences?

One of the points where German differs from other languages are the split verb sentences where the two parts of a verb form can be placed quite some distance apart, for example: Ich habe nach ...
15
votes
4answers
804 views

Difference between “ziemlich” & “ganz”

I learned that ziemlich means "quite, rather" and ganz means "whole, entire." but I just encountered this tweet: ganz leichter Schneefall. sehr dekorativ. My dictionary agrees that ganz can also ...
11
votes
2answers
495 views

What is the gender distribution of nouns in the German language?

I want a rough estimate of the percentage of nouns that belongs to each gender category
2
votes
1answer
157 views

Was bedeutet eigentlich “gesäßkalt”?

Ist gesäßkalt (oder in Schweizer Schreibweise gesässkalt) eine persönliche Wortschöpfung von Herrn Kachelmann oder gebrauchen auch andere schweizer Wetterfrösche dieses Wort? Welche Kältegrade ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Enthält der Duden und vergleichbare Werke alle gebräuchlichen, einfachen Komposita?

Das der aktuellen deutschen Rechtschreibung zugrunde liegende Dokument das Wörterverzeichnis2006 siehe IDS enthält definitiv nicht alle Komposita, sondern legt durch Regeln fest, wie zusammengesetzte ...
5
votes
3answers
261 views

Translating what The Queen said: does she always address her subjects as «Du»?

Today’s General-Anzeiger Bonn has an article containing an excerpt from The Queen’s Diamond Jubilee message in which to your service is translated as in Euren Dienst Now I don’t believe ...
5
votes
2answers
513 views

Woher kommt der Begriff “Laufhaus”?

Mir ist aufgefallen, dass sich Bordelle bei uns (Wien) seit einiger Zeit "Laufhaus" nennen. Vor ein paar Jahren war das noch anders. Woher kommt dieser Begriff?
6
votes
3answers
331 views

How does one say “Five cubic metres”?

I found myself on the telephone today attempting to explain the volume that a bunch of furniture would perhaps occupy in a truck, and I used Fuenf cubisch Metern But it was fairly clear to me ...
6
votes
2answers
490 views

Why is it “mir ist übel” and not “ich bin übel”?

To express we feel nauseous we may say Mir ist übel. Mir ist schlecht. Mir ist schwindlig. What are the grammatical rules behind this? Why don't we say "Ich bin übel" when we say Ich bin ...
8
votes
1answer
784 views

Ist die Schreibweise “Reflektion” falsch?

Wenn eine Welle reflektiert wird, spricht man von Reflexion. Ich finde die Schreibweise "Reflektion" hier intuitiver und empfinde die Schreibweise mit "x" als falsch (obwohl ich weiß, dass sie ...
5
votes
1answer
230 views

Looking for translation of “Tanzverbot ”

How would you translate the German word "Tanzverbot" and more interesting, Why can't I find any ("official") translation online, nor a wikipedia article about the issue, even though (probably) Germany ...
2
votes
1answer
364 views

What are some reading comprehension activities for early language learners? [closed]

I am a German teacher at the secondary level, and my German 2 students are reading the Lese-Novelas von Hueber Verlag, such as Anna, Berlin. The book is very good for beginners, but I'm running out of ...
8
votes
1answer
534 views

Why is “eu” used for spelling the sound “oi”?

My little daughter, allthough not being in school yet, is very keen in writing words - naturally, she writes them as she thinks they are written by translating each sound to a letter. Recently, she ...
5
votes
1answer
247 views

Did the gender of “Müll” change with its meaning?

Still in the 19. Century for "Müll" we have both, a neuter and a masculine gender whereas its gender today is masculine. Interestingly it also seems to have had a different meaning than today (trash, ...
4
votes
2answers
587 views

What does this German sentence mean?

While perusing this question, I generally was at least able to understand what all of the playful examples of word repetition meant. There was one, however, that left me completely baffled. Selbst ...
15
votes
5answers
2k views

What does it mean when my friend comes up to me and says “Na”?

I think it means something like "Hello" or "How are you?", am I right?
4
votes
2answers
213 views

Are second-hand books suitable for learning German?

On the second hand market there are lots of opportunities to buy used books for little money. As in 1996 there was a major orthography reform in Germany I am uncertain if reading second-hand books ...
15
votes
4answers
9k views

What are differences between “fließend” and “verhandlungssicher”?

Filling in a questionnaire, in different languages, after picking a language up, you get 4 options : Basiswissen fließend verhandlungssicher Muttersprache So, how are "fließend" and ...
8
votes
4answers
940 views

How would you translate “you have my vote” into German?

In English, you'd say to candidates that you'll vote for them. How would you say this in German? Something like: Hey Stefano, go for it. You have my vote.
3
votes
4answers
374 views

Wie nennt man eine Kinderfrisur mit zwei nicht geflochtenen seitlichen “Pferdeschwänzchen”?

In einer Talkrunde im Fernsehen nannte ein Gast ihre Kinderfrisur "Rattenschwänzchen". Ich erinnnere mich, dass in meiner Kindheit eine Mädchenfrisur auch so genannt wurde. Den anderen Gästen war ...
3
votes
1answer
206 views

Roman Numeral 2 (II) under Bundesadler

I have a west german military greatcoat that I found on ebay. On the shoulder there is a patch with the Bundesadler and a roman number 2 (II) underneath it. What does this mean? I was hoping to ...
5
votes
1answer
320 views

Is there a style guide for German similar to The Elements of Style for English?

Is there a German style guide similar to "The Elements of Style" by Strunk and White or "Style: The Basics of Clarity and Grace" which are well known for English?
8
votes
3answers
371 views

What's the difference between “der Fehler” and “der Irrtum”?

Is there a difference between these two terms? I'm asking especially thinking about the grammatical/language sphere, but if you're aware of other important differences, you can post them. My ...
4
votes
3answers
128 views

Did the connotation of “emsig” change?

When looking up the meaning of "emsig" (assiduous, diligent) it seems it has an entirely positive connotation unausgesetzt fleißig, ununterbrochen tätig DWDS The first that come to mind with ...

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