2
votes
1answer
96 views

Etymology of “Wertgegenstand”

I can't understand very well.. According to canoo.net, Wertgegenstand is composed of Wert (value), gegen (against) and Stand (state). So does this mean something like "stand against value?" And what ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Asking someone to switch to English

Not knowing quite enough yet to speak completely in German, I sometimes need to ask someone on the phone to switch to English (as they normally answer in German). My last attempt: Können wir ...
5
votes
4answers
980 views

Splitting the German word “Taucherausrüstung”

I mean splitting into prefix, suffix, and so on. Like when you look at the etymology. For example: Gelegenheit is: Ge+ legen + heit To better understand some German words I'm trying to ...
3
votes
1answer
608 views

“rucki zucki” - what is the meaning?

I hope I got that right : rucki zucki. I have a CD where a man said : Das ging rucki zucki. Later he tells how crazy is at his new job. What exactly does it mean? Quick google search just ...
15
votes
3answers
435 views

Why “schieben” guards “Wache”?

The expression "Wacheschieben" is well-known to native speakers. It's synonymous to "Wachestehen". I just realized that this word can be confusing to language learners. Ich habe vier Wochen ...
4
votes
3answers
180 views

When can I use constructions like “wenn du planst teilzunehmen?”

In writing an email to some friends, I was told that it's better to write Bitte gib uns Bescheid, wenn du planst teilzunehmen. instead of Bitte gib uns Bescheid, wenn du teilzunehmen ...
-1
votes
2answers
116 views

Are these passive sentences correct?

Do these passive sentences make sense or are they wrong? Mir wird nichts gesagt. – I’m not being talked to; nothing is being said to me. Bei den Kino wird geraucht, obwohl man es nicht darf. ...
4
votes
2answers
369 views

Using reflexive verb “vorstellen” in infinitive construction

"I can imagine that." translates to Ich kann mir das vorstellen. If I want to say "It is hard to imagine that he is only 20 years old.", would it be (a) Es ist schwer vorzustellen, dass er ...
13
votes
4answers
946 views

What is the origin of the word “Ursprung”?

From which words does the German Ursprung originate? In Portuguese we have the translation origem (origin), but I need to know more about this word. I tried to separate the ur from the sprung to see ...
2
votes
3answers
436 views

“umfahren” – trennbares Verb oder nicht?

Wir umfahren die Stadt. Das Auto fährt den Mann um. Wann ist das Verb umfahren trennbar und wann untrennbar?
4
votes
1answer
212 views

Can one suppress the comma of a relative clause in parenthesis?

Quite irrelevant question, but also quite annoying not to know. If I want to suppress a relative clause by writing parenthesis around it, can I delete the comma? That is, like in the following ...
6
votes
3answers
135 views

Does “gemacht” also mean “something done too artificially”?

I remember someone using the word "gemacht" do describe something that was done too artificially. (In this case it was a dance move that was supposed to be spontaneous but looked too pre-planned.) I ...
4
votes
3answers
134 views

Comparative with verbs

How do you compare verbs? Netflix is better than buying DVDs or going to the cinema. Would I use zu with the verbs, or convert them to nouns? Netflix ist besser als DVDs zu kaufen oder ins ...
5
votes
2answers
261 views

Preposition for “besuchen” with website

Besuchen Sie uns ___ www.abc.net. What would be the preposition here? Is it "an" or "bei" or some others?
3
votes
2answers
302 views

Verb order with multiple secondary sentences

Is this sentence correct in terms of verb order? And if not what would be correct and why? Ich wusste nicht, dass wir die Möglichkeit haben, ein Artefakt mit anderen Kollegen mitzubenutzen, die ...
2
votes
3answers
220 views

Welches Geschlecht hat “Quest”?

In Rollenspielen gibt es oft das Wort Quest, allerdings jedes mal mit einem anderen Geschlecht. Ich habe in verschiedenen Video- und Rollenspielen wirklich jede Möglichkeit gesehen: Die Quest Der ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Dativ plural: den or denen

I've always learned that the article for Dativ Plural is 'den', for example Ich kenne die Frauen, den man Bücher schenkt. My Duden grammar agrees with me, but it is more common to see forms such ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

What kind of construction is “eine Tasse Kaffee”?

I was a little surprised to not find more information about this kind of construction in German, e.g. eine Tasse Kaffee ein Glas Wasser My intuition said that this could be a genitive (in ...
2
votes
2answers
171 views

Which cases are being used in these sentences with “geben” and “suchen”?

Please have a look at the following sentences: Lustlos suchte ich der Oma ihre Brille. and Lustlos gab ich der Oma ihre Brille. Is der Oma dative case and ihre Brille accusative case in ...
6
votes
3answers
451 views

Unterschied zwischen den Adjektivierungen mit Endungen -ig und -haft. Konkret: Wann nutzt man „eklig“, wann „ekelhaft“?

Selbst wenn ich deren Übersetzungen lese und sie miteinander vergleiche, ist mir nicht so verständlich, wann man eklig und wann man ekelhaft nutzt. Beide sind doch Adjektive und beide stammen von ...
7
votes
3answers
398 views

In what regions do you say “Das ist mir”?

To express possession you normally say Das gehört mir. or Das ist meins. But there are regions where people regularly say Das ist mir. Which are these regions and is there are ...
3
votes
5answers
2k views

Can the position of “auch” change the meaning of the sentence?

Am I correct that the position of auch can give different meanings to a sentence? For example: Ich bin auch groß. means: I have some qualities, one of which is that I am tall. Ich auch ...
7
votes
1answer
66 views

Capitalization of number-noun-adjective

Assume I want to use/create a german adjective of the form number-noun-adjective, for example think about things that are as long as two cars. Could I say zweiautoslang or Zwei-Autos-lang? ...
10
votes
8answers
1k views

German equivalent of “…, though”

For example, how would you say "The weather is nice, though". This is used in the sense of continuing someone else's thought, usually with a contrasting sentiment. For example, if two friends go to a ...
5
votes
1answer
964 views

How to say “happy cooperation” in German?

I want to express the wish for a "joyful and fruitful cooperation" to my German colleague in German. But it is hard for me to trust Google translate on this task. Can anyone kindly show me how to say ...
3
votes
3answers
187 views

German in Bach's Cantatas

My German is very rudimentary (A1) and I have no regular exposure to the language except what I get listening to Bach. Recently, I have been very interested in Bach's cantatas. It uses text from the ...
0
votes
4answers
176 views

Preposition “in”: what article to use if the following noun is masculine?

Examples with feminine and neuter genders: Ich gehe in die Schule. Ich gehe ins (in das) Restaurant. But what to use with masculine gender? Ich gehe in den Bahnhof. Is it correct to ...
3
votes
2answers
97 views

Ist “belgischer Bierabend” falsch?

Die Frage hat nichts mit dem Reinheitsgebot zu tun; es geht eher um Grammatik. Ist die folgende Adjektivierung falsch? Belgischer Bierabend Wenn, wie kann man das besser ausdrücken? Natürlich ...
7
votes
3answers
174 views

Zeitkonflikt bei Kausalsatz

Laura hat die ganze Nacht getanzt, sodass/weswegen ihr die Füße am Morgen wehtun. Warum steht wehtun im Präsens und nicht in Präteritum?
2
votes
2answers
250 views

Er liest das Buch nicht

I can't understand why nicht is positioned in the end of the following sentence: Er liest das Buch nicht According to the following site: ...
3
votes
4answers
259 views

What's the correct way to say “I will have been…” in German?

Let's say I want to say "I will have been a cat." Is it "Ich werde eine Katze gewesen haben.' or "Ich werde eine Katze haben gewesen."? I think it's the first one, but I want ...
1
vote
4answers
579 views

What does “endgeil” mean in German? [closed]

What does endgeil mean in German, is it comparable to awesome in English? Is there a direct translation of the word? This is "teen slang" and therefore hard to find in many dictionaries.
1
vote
2answers
315 views

Resources for learning verb tenses with short example sentenses

I wish to learn verbs with their tense forms for general conversation. I tried to use the verb tables, but I am not able to memorise them. I think it would help me if I learn these forms alongwith ...
4
votes
6answers
849 views

What is the etymology of “sau-”?

I lived in Germany during half a year and when hanging out, I heard lots of times this word. I know it's quite an inappropriate word prefix and that it should only be used in a friendly setting, but ...
2
votes
2answers
155 views

“Gateway language” to German

I want to learn to speak German, but I'm having some trouble getting the words right (not sure exactly what I'm hearing). Since I intend to learn to speak a few new languages, I figured maybe I ...
2
votes
3answers
739 views

Help with Sogar and Darauf

I'm currently reading Harry Potter und der Stein der Weisen. I am managing to comprehend a bit of it (I'm far from fluent in German) although the first sentence in the book is really confusing to me. ...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

How to say “now a days…” / “nowadays” in German?

Google Translate says Nun wird ein Tag but I think it does not feel correct. Can we just say "Heute..."? Are there any other ways to say this? Example: Now a days smartphones are very ...
2
votes
2answers
124 views

What is the etymology of Gelegenheit?

I've tried to look for it and I found out a strange result: http://www.wordreference.com/deen/Gelegenheit => http://www.wordreference.com/deen/gelegen I pperf → liegen => ...
1
vote
2answers
355 views

What is the difference between “hinzufügen” and “fügen”?

I looked up the verbs fügen and hinzufügen and they both should mean to add something; according to Wikipedia the first has the following etymology: from "hin" there + "-zu" to + "fügen" add. What's ...
3
votes
2answers
99 views

por la ciudad, по городу, across(?)/over(?) the city

(The title is in Spanish and Russian, because I'm not sure what's the best way to say it in English either.) I'd like to say that I took a walk in the city (and visited many different places on the ...
16
votes
5answers
699 views

How should one pronounce “Denglisch” words when one is a native English speaker?

I'm not sure if this question is completely on-topic since I think it's largely a cultural question rather than being strictly about German language, but I noticed a pronunciation tag so I thought it ...
2
votes
1answer
164 views

Can the genitive relative pronoun be replaced with dative?

In general, we know that Das Buch meiner Mutter can be replaced by Das Buch von meiner Mutter Can the same transformation be applied to genitive relative pronouns, eg can Ich sehe den ...
5
votes
3answers
249 views

Is “Er ist gehend” or “Er ist am gehen” proper German?

Is "Er ist gehend" possible in german? As in "Right now he is going". I realize that adding another word, as in "Er ist gehend nass geworden", makes more sense, but still "Er ist gehend" doesn't ...
4
votes
3answers
523 views

Verwendung von „Herrschaften“ je nach Alter

Die Nutzung des Nomens Herrschaften für Menschen verwirrt mich etwas. Laut Wiktionary bedeutet es Herrschaft. Plural. Veraltend und mitunter ironisch gebraucht: vornehme Anrede für eine Gruppe von ...
6
votes
1answer
216 views

Herkunft von “Ausnahmen bestätigen die Regel”

The idiom "Ausnahmen bestätigen die Regel" exists in English, too. The exception proves the rule. However, someone recently told me that this originally was based on the old meaning of "to ...
2
votes
1answer
225 views

Weak masculine nouns

Has anybody come across reliable ways to know if a masculine noun is weak or not? Der Präsident... Wir brauchen einen neuen Präsidenten. Der Held... Gotham braucht einen Helden. I have noticed ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How do I say in german “car parking fine lawyer”?

I would like to make a search on Google for finding information about a lawyer company specialized on this. I know only the word Strafzettel. I've found many words but which is the more correct for ...
6
votes
1answer
309 views

Man erwartet eine Spur von Dativ in „zu dessen“. Wo ist sie? Warum erscheint nur da der Genitiv? Oder existiert „zu dessem“?

Betrachte man die Rolle des Bezugwortes dessen im folgenden Satz: Klaus, zu dessen Vater diese Krawatte gar nicht passt, hat […] Wie kommt man auf solchen Satz? Anscheinend wählt man zwischen ...
11
votes
4answers
1k views

Can wissen mean remember?

In a book I'm reading, the author used the question "Weißt du noch". I'm guessing from the context it means "Do you remember". Is that so? Does the addition of the word "noch" turn "wissen" into ...
2
votes
2answers
112 views

Subclause with “wollen” and “ob”

I'm trying to say "I'm making these videos because I want to see if I can improve." I came up with this: Ich mache diese Videos, weil ich sehen wollen, ob ich verbessern kann. I'm ...

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