5
votes
1answer
222 views

Unterschied zwischen -istan, -ei und -ien in Ländernamen

Die Endungen -istan, -ei und -ien sind üblich bei Ländernamen, etwa in Pakistan oder Kurdistan, Mongolei oder Türkei und Serbien oder Tschechien. Ich weiß, dass gelegentlich auch mehrere Versionen ...
6
votes
1answer
186 views

Adjektivierung eines Nomens, das schon mit einem Adjektiv begleitet ist

Man betrachte ein von einem Adjektiv begleitetes Nomen, zum Beispiel mathematische Physik. Wie wird dieses Substantiv zu einem Adjektiv? Hier beschränken sich meine Rateversuche auf: Sie ...
4
votes
3answers
139 views

“möglichst schnell” and “schnellstmöglich”

As quickly as possible can be translate as möglichst schnell or schnellstmöglich Is there any difference between the two versions? What other adjectives have the second version (i.e., ...
2
votes
1answer
202 views

How can 'loss function' be translated?

In mathematical optimization, statistics, decision theory and machine learning, a loss function or cost function is a function that maps an event or values of one or more variables onto a real ...
11
votes
5answers
245 views

Confusion with this ad by DB. Is it possible to omit the verb?

I got a DB ticket recently and went through the text. I took a pic of their 'Unser Angebot' text. Please note lines 1 and 2: Sie suchen Alternativen. Ich den besten Weg. Is it alright to ...
2
votes
2answers
99 views

“vor Kurzem” with capital “K”

Noch vor Kurzem sollte hier ... Why is "Kurzem" written with a capital "K"? How can it function as a noun here, and can we use the same structure with other adjectives (e.g., "vor Langem")? ...
12
votes
4answers
229 views

Article when referring to noun in genitive case

A sentence from a Spiegel Online article: Der 60-Jährige steht ... an der Spitze eines neuen Gremiums, dem Rat für nationalen Frieden und die Aufrechterhaltung der Ordnung. Why is it dem Rat and ...
3
votes
5answers
360 views

What's the difference between ,,drohen“ (dat.) and ,,bedrohen” (acc.)?

Example: Die Ukraine droht Russland nicht, aber die ukrainische Revolution bedroht Putin.
-1
votes
3answers
138 views

Webwörter neu erfinden - Für google, duckduckgo, photoshop

Please provide the equivalent german words for the following terms. google (verb) photoshopped (verb and abjective) duck it (from duckduckgo.com - brand new) Is there any urban dictionary (apart ...
15
votes
3answers
836 views

von, aus or mit (or none)

If asking a shop keeper if they have any food (baguette, wrap etc.) having fish, what is the proper way to ask? I ask: Haben Sie etwas mit Fisch or Haben Sie etwas aus Fisch I am not ...
0
votes
1answer
158 views

Past-tense Translations - figuring rules [closed]

I'm trying to figure out a couple of grammatical rules, and the easiest way for me to do that would be if I had translations of the following sentences. He had wanted a cat. I think "er hatte ...
7
votes
3answers
177 views

Usage of 'leid sein'

I've recently learnt that leid sein can be used to express being fed up with something, but I have some questions: How often is leid sein used? As often as its English equivalent? Is there a better ...
7
votes
3answers
196 views

Declension of Latin nouns or phrases in German

When using Latin nouns or phrases in a German text, what is the best practice to decline them? Take, for example, the word Col­le­gi­um mu­si­cum, which is to be declined as follows: das ...
7
votes
3answers
688 views

Which article do we use for countable units of uncountable things?

I have a question about the plural. There are countable nouns like die Banane, das Ei, die Birne, der Apfel as well as uncountable nouns der Wein, der Champagner, das Salz So when we put ...
5
votes
3answers
6k views

How to look up whether a verb uses dative or accusative

Generally, my understanding of the use of dative and accusative is a bit opaque. I am getting better at deciphering which prepositions call for which case. I have also seen that motion is another ...
3
votes
3answers
584 views

Different words for cleaning

What exactly is the difference between putzen säubern reinigen sauber machen What I research them in leo they all point to the word 'clean'. Some say that putzen can be used for 'to clean', while ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

How do you ask for the meaning of a word in German?

I was wondering how could you ask for the meaning of a word in German. I'm a bit surprised that a Google search for "ask for word meaning in German" didn't provide any direct useful link. After ...
5
votes
5answers
455 views

Müssen auch Muttersprachler die Artikel der Nomen lernen?

Das ist eine auf einem Missverständnis basierende, kurze Frage. Man hört viel zu oft, Deutschlerner müssen die Genera jedes Nomens lernen. Das ist unbestritten. Ich frage mich aber nun, ob ...
3
votes
4answers
144 views

Finding suitable German translations for “micro-vibration treatment”

I need to translate a phrase into German that should read "micro-vibration treatment" in English. It is a fairly recently developed medical treatment method, founded by, as I discovered, by an ...
2
votes
4answers
416 views

What does “Da kommt sein Schiff an eine kleine Insel” mean?

Can you help me at understanding this sentence? Da kommt sein Schiff an eine kleine Insel. I know that da means there. I've looked it up in several dictionaries. Google Translate, for instance, ...
7
votes
4answers
935 views

Differences between “Lehrveranstaltung” and “Vorlesung”?

Both seem to be synonyms. In what cases should I use each one?
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Is there any difference between “ein bisschen” and “ein wenig”?

As far as I knew, "ein wenig" is mostly used in written German (usually somewhat official language), and sometimes comes off as a bit old-fashioned when used in every-day speach. It at least appears ...
6
votes
2answers
104 views

Article with dates necessary?

Ich arbeite hier zwischen 01. Februar und 15. März. Ich bleibe hier bis 22. April. Ich bin von 05. bis 12. Mai in Mailand. Do these sentences need articles for dates, or are they fine ...
3
votes
2answers
299 views

“To know somebody” as in “have knowledge of”

In English, "to know somebody" may have two different meanings: Do you know my neighbor Felix? (acquainted with) Do you know Angela Merkel? (have knowledge of) The first meaning is ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

How does the current usage of Futur I sound to native German speakers?

AFAIK Futur I (werden + inf) isn't used in German any more. But 20 years ago I still learned it, and currently I feel somehow improper if I don't use it. I have a very bad feeling that I somehow lost ...
4
votes
5answers
7k views

What is the difference between “in” and “im”?

When do you use "im" and when do you use "in"? I'm taking introduction to German, and have seen both of them being used as 'in' in English. EDIT: I don't speak much German, so it would be much ...
1
vote
2answers
178 views

Position of “nicht” and object [duplicate]

Ich habe das gleiche Gefühl nicht. (I don't have the same feeling.) Should nicht be placed in front of das gleiche Gefühl or behind? I see that in the case where there is a verb at the end, it ...
4
votes
3answers
245 views

“anschauen” as reflexive or not

The verb anschauen can be used either as a reflexive verb or not jdn/etw anschauen: to look at sb/sth sich dat etw anschauen: to take a look at sth I have trouble understanding the ...
-1
votes
1answer
128 views

German and English Future tense differences [closed]

Is the German future tense similar to the English future tense? Or is it different? Can i use it the same way as the English future tense?
1
vote
2answers
186 views

Relative clauses and the dative case

"Ich verstehe mich wirklich gut mit meiner Mutter Sylvia, der sehr intelligent ist, weil sie nett ist." Is the usage of "der" in the relative clause correct here, since 'mit' takes the dative ...
1
vote
2answers
346 views

Correct translation of “my father taught me to play football”? [closed]

How would one translate "my father taught me to play football"? Being relatively new to the language I'm unsure about how to handle the structure. What verb would one use? Lernen? Any held would be ...
4
votes
1answer
402 views

Translation of “I work whenever I want to work.”

I work whenever I want to work. What would be a good translation for that? I have a problem with "whenever". Google Translate says that the translation of "whenever" is "sobald", "wann auch ...
3
votes
2answers
137 views

Konjunktiv II for real negative events

Er hat sich so verändert, dass ich ihn gestern fast nicht wiedererkannt _____. (a) habe (b) hätte Does both (a) and (b) work? If so, what is the difference in meaning? I think (a) ...
7
votes
3answers
619 views

Unterschied zwischen “bequem”, “gemütlich” und “angenehm”

Ich weiß, dass die drei Adjektive als comfortable übersetzt werden können. Aber was ist denn der Unterschied? Sind sie austauschbar?
7
votes
5answers
2k views

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen einem Subjunktiv und dem Konjunktiv?

In dieser Frage war von einem „Subjunktiv“ die Rede: Subjunctive I for recommendation? Dort entstand Verwirrung um die Begriffe „Subjunktiv“ und „Konjunktiv“. Ich habe etwas recherchiert und dabei ...
1
vote
2answers
254 views

“viel” and “wenig” with adjective

Die Politik ist _____ sinnvoll. (a) viel (b) wenig Do both (a) and (b) fit into the blank, and would the meaning be "The policy is very sensible" and "The policy is not very sensible", ...
4
votes
1answer
349 views

Idiom: einen Türken bauen. Etymology?

What is the origin of the strange idiom "einen Türken bauen"? I have already checked wiktionary, and they present a few alternatives. All these alternatices are insufficient IMO, as they all smell ...
1
vote
4answers
121 views

Subjunctive I for recommendation?

Wer sich die Fotos zu Hause anschauen möchte, dem sei der Ausstellungskatalog empfohlen. Why is the Subjunctive I "sei" used here? Is it to make a recommendation?
5
votes
1answer
185 views

Pflanzen in dem/den Garten

Sie pflanzt die Küchenkräuter in _____ Garten. Should "den" or "dem" go into the blank? It is not clear to me whether "planting" counts as moving into the garden (i.e. would use "den") or as ...
4
votes
2answers
298 views

“von Beruf” but not “Beruf von”?

I am new to German and I have some questions when asking for someone's job in German: Was ist die Person von Beruf? I was taught that "von" in German means "of" in English like in the sentence ...
2
votes
3answers
387 views

verb for “look up a word”

You should look up that word in the dictionary. What is the common way to say this in German? Du sollst das Wort im Wörterbuch nachschlagen. Which verbs are acceptable? I'm thinking of ...
1
vote
1answer
202 views

Komparativ gewisser Adjektivisierungen

Betrachte man zum Beispiel folgendes Adjektiv: blauäugig1. Im Sinne von Naivität ist es total nachvollziehbar, dass dessen Komparativ blauäugiger ist (was ein Wörterbuch bestätigt), weil die ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

What does “Petze” mean?

My daughter came back from Kindergarten and mentioned this word to me. She said it means dumme Gans and dictionary says differently. Can someone give a few simple examples where it is used?
5
votes
1answer
76 views

Aufzählung: trennt “sowie” die Glieder einer Aufzählung?

Aus den Beförderungsbestimmungen der BVG (Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe) stammt folgender Satz: "Vollständig zusammengeklappte Fahrräder sowie Kleinkindfahrräder bzw. fahrradähnliche Roller (mit einem ...
6
votes
4answers
284 views

Übersetzung für “random”

Ich suche eine gute Übersetzung für That answer was somewhat random Wie ist die folgende? Die Antwort war recht zufällig/willkürlich. Sagt man das so?
0
votes
1answer
121 views

Den Substantiv (AKK) -(e)n

Wieso ist -en in folgendem Fall nötig? (Warum ist den Student nicht richtig?) Zwei Freunde besuchen den Studenten. Gibt es Regeln für die Fälle, wo "den Substantiv (AKK) -(e)n" nötig ist?
5
votes
4answers
1k views

When to use “circa” or “ungefähr”?

Both words can be translated as "approximately". Is there any rule/guidance as to the usage of circa and ungefähr? I have heard circa being used more often and when there are numbers involved (and ...
3
votes
2answers
91 views

“folgende” or “folgendes”?

I am writing test instructions for a website. Which is (more) correct from these two sentences? Testanweisung ist folgendes: Testanweisung ist folgende: I know that it is die Testanweisung, ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Particle “ter” in german surnames such as Marc-André ter Stegen. Does it mean something?

I read the football news and I have a non-football question now. Does the particle "ter" mean something in a such kind of german names as Marc-André ter Stegen? Are there other particles?
4
votes
2answers
101 views

“…, nie ohne etwas Neues zu erfinden.” — Bedeutung?

Meine Großmutter erzählte uns Kindern Geschichten, nie ohne etwas Neues zu erfinden.* Was bedeutet der Satz genau? Hat sie jedes Mal etwas Neues erfunden? Oder hat sie niemals etwas Neues ...

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