10
votes
5answers
692 views

What is the origin of the word “Ursprung”?

From which words does the German Ursprung originate? In Portuguese we have the translation origem (origin), but I need to know more about this word. I tried to separate the ur from the sprung to see ...
2
votes
3answers
85 views

“umfahren” – trennbares Verb oder nicht?

Wir umfahren die Stadt. Das Auto fährt den Mann um. Wann ist das Verb umfahren trennbar und wann untrennbar?
4
votes
1answer
155 views

Can one suppress the comma of a relative clause in parenthesis?

Quite irrelevant question, but also quite annoying not to know. If I want to suppress a relative clause by writing parenthesis around it, can I delete the comma? That is, like in the following ...
6
votes
3answers
91 views

Does “gemacht” also mean “something done too artificially”?

I remember someone using the word "gemacht" do describe something that was done too artificially. (In this case it was a dance move that was supposed to be spontaneous but looked too pre-planned.) I ...
4
votes
3answers
68 views

Comparative with verbs

How do you compare verbs? Netflix is better than buying DVDs or going to the cinema. Would I use zu with the verbs, or convert them to nouns? Netflix ist besser als DVDs zu kaufen oder ins ...
5
votes
2answers
85 views

Preposition for “besuchen” with website

Besuchen Sie uns ___ www.abc.net. What would be the preposition here? Is it "an" or "bei" or some others?
2
votes
2answers
81 views

Verb order with multiple secondary sentences

Is this sentence correct in terms of verb order? And if not what would be correct and why? Ich wusste nicht, dass wir die Möglichkeit haben, ein Artefakt mit anderen Kollegen mitzubenutzen, die ...
2
votes
3answers
154 views

Welches Geschlecht hat “Quest”?

In Rollenspielen gibt es oft das Wort Quest, allerdings jedes mal mit einem anderen Geschlecht. Ich habe in verschiedenen Video- und Rollenspielen wirklich jede Möglichkeit gesehen: Die Quest Der ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Dativ plural: den or denen

I've always learned that the article for Dativ Plural is 'den', for example Ich kenne die Frauen, den man Bücher schenkt. My Duden grammar agrees with me, but it is more common to see forms such ...
9
votes
1answer
666 views

What kind of construction is “eine Tasse Kaffee”?

I was a little surprised to not find more information about this kind of construction in German, e.g. eine Tasse Kaffee ein Glas Wasser My intuition said that this could be a genitive (in ...
2
votes
2answers
75 views

Which cases are being used in these sentences with “geben” and “suchen”?

Please have a look at the following sentences: Lustlos suchte ich der Oma ihre Brille. and Lustlos gab ich der Oma ihre Brille. Is der Oma dative case and ihre Brille accusative case in ...
4
votes
4answers
86 views

Unterschied zwischen den Adjektivierungen mit Endungen -ig und -haft. Konkret: Wann nutzt man „eklig“, wann „ekelhaft“?

Selbst wenn ich deren Übersetzungen lese und sie miteinander vergleiche, ist mir nicht so verständlich, wann man eklig und wann man ekelhaft nutzt. Beide sind doch Adjektive und beide stammen von ...
6
votes
2answers
129 views

In what regions do you say “Das ist mir”?

To express possession you normally say Das gehört mir. or Das ist meins. But there are regions where people regularly say Das ist mir. Which are these regions and is there are ...
3
votes
5answers
644 views

Can the position of “auch” change the meaning of the sentence?

Am I correct that the position of auch can give different meanings to a sentence? For example: Ich bin auch groß. means: I have some qualities, one of which is that I am tall. Ich auch ...
7
votes
1answer
31 views

Capitalization of number-noun-adjective

Assume I want to use/create a german adjective of the form number-noun-adjective, for example think about things that are as long as two cars. Could I say zweiautoslang or Zwei-Autos-lang? ...
8
votes
8answers
1k views

German equivalent of “…, though”

For example, how would you say "The weather is nice, though". This is used in the sense of continuing someone else's thought, usually with a contrasting sentiment. For example, if two friends go to a ...
5
votes
1answer
800 views

How to say “happy cooperation” in German?

I want to express the wish for a "joyful and fruitful cooperation" to my German colleague in German. But it is hard for me to trust Google translate on this task. Can anyone kindly show me how to say ...
3
votes
3answers
113 views

German in Bach's Cantatas

My German is very rudimentary (A1) and I have no regular exposure to the language except what I get listening to Bach. Recently, I have been very interested in Bach's cantatas. It uses text from the ...
0
votes
4answers
106 views

Preposition “in”: what article to use if the following noun is masculine?

Examples with feminine and neuter genders: Ich gehe in die Schule. Ich gehe ins (in das) Restaurant. But what to use with masculine gender? Ich gehe in den Bahnhof. Is it correct to ...
3
votes
2answers
79 views

Ist “belgischer Bierabend” falsch?

Die Frage hat nichts mit dem Reinheitsgebot zu tun; es geht eher um Grammatik. Ist die folgende Adjektivierung falsch? Belgischer Bierabend Wenn, wie kann man das besser ausdrücken? Natürlich ...
6
votes
3answers
105 views

Zeitkonflikt bei Kausalsatz

Laura hat die ganze Nacht getanzt, sodass/weswegen ihr die Füße am Morgen wehtun. Warum steht wehtun im Präsens und nicht in Präteritum?
2
votes
2answers
154 views

Er liest das Buch nicht

I can't understand why nicht is positioned in the end of the following sentence: Er liest das Buch nicht According to the following site: ...
3
votes
4answers
186 views

What's the correct way to say “I will have been…” in German?

Let's say I want to say "I will have been a cat." Is it "Ich werde eine Katze gewesen haben.' or "Ich werde eine Katze haben gewesen."? I think it's the first one, but I want ...
1
vote
4answers
158 views

What does “endgeil” mean in German? [closed]

What does endgeil mean in German, is it comparable to awesome in English? Is there a direct translation of the word? This is "teen slang" and therefore hard to find in many dictionaries.
1
vote
2answers
107 views

Resources for learning verb tenses with short example sentenses

I wish to learn verbs with their tense forms for general conversation. I tried to use the verb tables, but I am not able to memorise them. I think it would help me if I learn these forms alongwith ...
4
votes
6answers
584 views

What is the etymology of “sau-”?

I lived in Germany during half a year and when hanging out, I heard lots of times this word. I know it's quite an inappropriate word prefix and that it should only be used in a friendly setting, but ...
2
votes
2answers
84 views

“Gateway language” to German

I want to learn to speak German, but I'm having some trouble getting the words right (not sure exactly what I'm hearing). Since I intend to learn to speak a few new languages, I figured maybe I ...
2
votes
3answers
287 views

Help with Sogar and Darauf

I'm currently reading Harry Potter und der Stein der Weisen. I am managing to comprehend a bit of it (I'm far from fluent in German) although the first sentence in the book is really confusing to me. ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

How to say “now a days…” / “nowadays” in German?

Google Translate says Nun wird ein Tag but I think it does not feel correct. Can we just say "Heute..."? Are there any other ways to say this? Example: Now a days smartphones are very ...
2
votes
2answers
90 views

What is the etymology of Gelegenheit?

I've tried to look for it and I found out a strange result: http://www.wordreference.com/deen/Gelegenheit => http://www.wordreference.com/deen/gelegen I pperf → liegen => ...
1
vote
2answers
132 views

What is the difference between hinzufügen and fügen?

Both should mean to add something, according to Wikipedia the first has the following ethimology: From "hin" there + "-zu" to + "fügen" add http://www.wordreference.com/deen/f%C3%BCgen ...
3
votes
2answers
76 views

por la ciudad, по городу, across(?)/over(?) the city

(The title is in Spanish and Russian, because I'm not sure what's the best way to say it in English either.) I'd like to say that I took a walk in the city (and visited many different places on the ...
14
votes
5answers
202 views

How should one pronounce “Denglisch” words when one is a native English speaker?

I'm not sure if this question is completely on-topic since I think it's largely a cultural question rather than being strictly about German language, but I noticed a pronunciation tag so I thought it ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

Can the genitive relative pronoun be replaced with dative?

In general, we know that Das Buch meiner Mutter can be replaced by Das Buch von meiner Mutter Can the same transformation be applied to genitive relative pronouns, eg can Ich sehe den ...
5
votes
3answers
137 views

Is “Er ist gehend” or “Er ist am gehen” proper German?

Is "Er ist gehend" possible in german? As in "Right now he is going". I realize that adding another word, as in "Er ist gehend nass geworden", makes more sense, but still "Er ist gehend" doesn't ...
4
votes
3answers
82 views

Verwendung von „Herrschaften“ je nach Alter

Die Nutzung des Nomens Herrschaften für Menschen verwirrt mich etwas. Laut Wiktionary bedeutet es Herrschaft. Plural. Veraltend und mitunter ironisch gebraucht: vornehme Anrede für eine Gruppe von ...
5
votes
1answer
84 views

Herkunft von “Ausnahmen bestätigen die Regel”

The idiom "Ausnahmen bestätigen die Regel" exists in English, too. The exception proves the rule. However, someone recently told me that this originally was based on the old meaning of "to ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Weak masculine nouns

Has anybody come across reliable ways to know if a masculine noun is weak or not? Der Präsident... Wir brauchen einen neuen Präsidenten. Der Held... Gotham braucht einen Helden. I have noticed ...
4
votes
2answers
995 views

How do I say in german “car parking fine lawyer”?

I would like to make a search on Google for finding information about a lawyer company specialized on this. I know only the word Strafzettel. I've found many words but which is the more correct for ...
14
votes
10answers
767 views

Good online resources for improving German over Summer Vacation?

I recently finished an evening class in beginners German (Common European Framework A1/A2), and plan to take an intermediate class in September. I don't want to slip out of practice over the summer. ...
19
votes
4answers
312 views

Do Latin loanwords conserve their gender?

When I asked my teacher for the gender of Mensa, she replied that it is feminine, because the Latin word mensa is feminine. When it comes to words that share the same spelling in both German and ...
11
votes
7answers
391 views

Gibt es ein eigenes Wort für beschmutztes Geschirr?

Gibt es ein eigenes Wort für beschmutztes Geschirr? Z.B: "Du hast zu viel __ in deinem Zimmer!"
9
votes
4answers
278 views

German student preparing for travel abroad

I've studied German in an academic setting in the US for a number of years. When conversing with native German speakers I've noticed slang and other "non-academic" mannerisms. I'm preparing to ...
17
votes
6answers
4k views

In what context do we write “Guten Tag” rather than “Sehr geehrte Damen und Herren”?

Formal letters almost always used to start with "Sehr geehrte Damen und Herren," or "Sehr geehrter Herr Maier" if the person is known. However more and more we see formal correspondence that addresses ...
8
votes
3answers
212 views

Benutzt man immer einen Wasserschlauch in einer Wasserschlacht?

Ich suche ein Wort für das Kinderspiel, in dem sich Kinder mit Wasser bekriegen. Wasserschlacht klingt gut, aber mein Wörterbuch merkt an, dass es ein Krieg "mit einem Wasserschlauch" sei. Ist das ...
67
votes
15answers
5k views

How can I better learn noun genders?

One of the things that I really liked about German, as I was studying it in college, was the very orderly grammar, which actually helped me to understand my native English better. As a non-native ...
18
votes
10answers
2k views

What are the differences in punctuation between German and English?

Each languages has its own ideas of how to punctuate, e.g. space before question marks in French. How is German punctuation different from English?
19
votes
6answers
539 views

Is there a good on-line resource to look up the etymology of German words?

Is there a good on-line resource - free or not free - to look up the etymology of German words? Something like Duden's "Das Herkunftswörterbuch"?
32
votes
19answers
2k views

What are good online dictionaries for translation between German and English?

What are good online dictionaries for translation between German and English?
12
votes
2answers
805 views

Gibt es andere übliche Märchenbeginnformeln neben “es war einmal”?

Sehr viele Märchen beginnen auf Deutsch mit "Es war einmal", aber ich kenne auch ein Märchen, das anfängt mit "Zu der Zeit, als das Wünschen noch geholfen hat ...". Gibt es noch andere Beginnformeln ...

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