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4

The correct way would be: Du brauchst ihn, um ihm etwas zu kaufen. translated directly from English. to buy him something and um ihm etwas zu kaufen are infinitive constructions in both languages. German needs the comma here, however.


0

As you can see in the above reply, there are different cases for the the substantives. In this case it is Wen oder Was? the Akkusativ case, which results in sein Name becoming seinen Namen. It is just a rule of German grammar and might not make any sense to you if you are not familiar with German grammar in general.


2

Here there are two clauses. The main clause is: Ich weiß nicht and the subordinate clause is: wann der Zug abfährt. In first clause, Ich is the subject. The second clause is an altogether different sentence with its own subject. The subject of main clause is related with the action to know and the subordinate clause has has the subject der Zug, ...


6

The sentence consists of two clauses, one main clause (ich weiß nicht) and one subordinate clause (wann der Zug abfährt), each having their own verb and their own subject. Complex sentences can consist of many clauses.


2

Namen is the accusative form of Name. You can determine the case of an objective by asking following questions: Wer oder was? Nominativ Wen oder was? Akkusativ Wem oder was? Dativ Wessen oder was? Genitiv So, in this case you ask "Wen oder was trägt die Straße?" — "Seinen Namen". The definite article is also dependent on the case. Nominativ: sein ...



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