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33

In this case it's wrong. The correct forms would be: Ich war in der Schule. and Ich gehe in die Schule. You can (have to) omit the article for toponyms: Ich war in Berlin. Ich gehe nach Hamburg. There a some cases where you can omit the article though, but you have to pay attention to the semantics: Sie glaubten dem Präsidenten ...


17

My perception as a native speaker of German is that "Gott" can be used as a normal noun (in that case, it appears with an article), or like a name (in that case, it appears without an article). The usage as a name is quite apparent in all contexts where the exclusive existence of a single god is assumed. In German-speaking cultures, this currently often ...


15

This is related to the question about "dieses Jahr, diesen Sommer", with the difference that you are asking for an indefinite time. As Em1 already mentioned, it is an adverbial expression. You ask for such an expression using when (wann): Wann fand Peter die Schatzkarte? You want to answer: Ein Tag. But you answer with an indefinite time ...


14

According to Carsten Schultz' comment, there are some rules: Compound of common noun Die Elfenbeinküste » Die Küste Die Sowjetunion (or) Die UdSSR » Die Union Die Zentralafrikanische Republik » Die Republik Die Dominikanische Republik » Die Republik Die Marshallinseln » Die Insel Die Cookinseln » Die Insel Plural Die USA (or) Die Vereinigten ...


13

Die falsche Verwendung von Kommentar mit das statt der in Texten deutschsprachiger Internetseiten ist auch der Redaktion des Atlas zur deutschen Alltagssprache aufgefallen. Ein regionales Muster dieser Verwendung konnte jedoch nicht festgestellt werden.


13

This answer goes along the same lines as O. R. Mapper’s, but is too much for comments. If you so wish, the word Gott can have two meanings (see also the Duden): God – the single god in a monotheistic weltanschauung. This word behaves like a name. god – some supernatural entity. This word behaves like a regular substantive. Gott in the second meaning ...


12

Verlasse dich bei deutschen Artikeln niemals auf Regeln! Es gibt mehr Ausnahmen als Regeln. Lerne am besten bei jedem Wort das Geschlecht gleich mit. Wer von Kindesbeinen an Deutsch als Muttersprache lernt, lernt auch keine Regeln. der Teller, die Feier, das Messer. der Vater, die Mutter.


12

The German language is "rechtsköpfig" ("right-headed" instead of "left-headed"), meaning that the grammatical properties of compound words are defined by its rightmost part/morpheme (this morpheme is called the "head" of the compound). Therefore, in your example it's indeed a masculine word, der Kontroll_akt_, (der) Akt being this compound's head. ...


12

Here is a good overview of all the German articles. Der bestimmte Artikel Kasus | männlich | weiblich | sächlich | Plural ---------------------------------------------------- Nominativ | der | die | das | die Genitiv | des | der | des | der Dativ | dem | der | dem | den Akkusativ | den | die ...


11

You can use welches as pronoun: So viele Katzen! Ich mag die, welche den Hut trägt. Ich mag die, welche die Mütze trägt. Ich denke, dass das, welches das Kleid trägt, am süßesten ist. I personally don't like the use of welches though and prefer duplicate die, die. Technically nothing wrong with that. If you don't like the duplication, you may ...


11

mit dem Bus means "by bus", mit einem Bus means "in a bus". Mit dem Bus/Zug/Auto/Fahrrad is just the fixed expression meaning "by bus/train/car/bicycle". Here and in other places, dem is a definite article, but doesn't specify a particular bus, but rather buses in general. On the other hand in einem Bus would mean "in a particular, but undisclosed, bus". I ...


11

The article is always that of the container. Eine/Die Schachtel Salz Eine/Die Flasche Wein The containers are countable, so if you've got multiple containers containing anything, the article is the plural form of the containers article Viele Flaschen Wein If you want to point at a certain set of bottles containing wine, you would probably ...


11

These phrases have a different meaning: Darf ich Sie zum Kaffee/Tee einladen? means that you are inviting somebody on a later date to your home where there will be some cookies too or maybe cake. So it's comparable to english "tea time". Darf ich Sie zu einem Kaffee/Tee einladen? means that you are asking someone to drink a cup of coffee with you ...


10

Eines Tages is an adverbial qualification (Adverbiale Bestimmung). There do exist several of adverbial qualification, in that case it is a temporal adverb. Strictly speaking in that example it is an indefinite time determination and that is one of the cases where you use an Adverbialgenitiv, i.e. the adverbial qualification is given in genitive. That's why ...


10

Canoo.net stellt klar: Bei Bezeichnungen des Berufs, der Funktion, [...] einer Person steht kein Artikel, wenn die Zugehörigkeit zu einer Gruppe ausgedrückt wird. Ebenfalls häufig ohne Artikel stehen diese Bezeichnungen, wenn sie mit einem Verb und "als" verwendet werden. Man beachte aber die Einschränkung durch den Nebensatz im ersten Abschnitt ...


10

The answer to your confusion is that time complements are in accusative. To clear why that answer is not enough to cover your question let me add the following: You suppose that 'Sie ist ein Jahr alt.' is in nominative. If that were the case you are right in writing 'Sie ist ein Tag alt.' (!) since the case should be the same independent on the ...


10

Both solutions are correct, but they have different meanings. It depends on what you want to say: either ... She is in the garden and there she is planting herbs. Maybe she is planting them into little pots, or into the ground. You don't know into what she is planting them. You know just that she is in the garden while she is doing this: Sie pflanzt ...


10

What jarnbjo said is true, however I would like to add to that and expound on your second example: I like ice cream, chocolate and cake. Ich mochte ein Eis, eine Schokolade und eine Torte. These are not correct translations of each other. I assume you're writing from an English keyboard and wanted to write "möchte" instead of "mochte" -- "I'd ...


9

Although grammaticaly not correct, articles are sometimes omitted when the number of words is critical, e.g. on signs. Also in transcripts and logs, articles may be ommitted sometimes. Here's an example for a sign: It would be correct to say: Wenn der Hund kommt, ... However, these are rare exceptions. In spoken language and in all other forms of German ...


9

I second deceze's comment on your question. Der (nominative, masc.) and der (dative, fem.) are just homophones that are the result of the declination of the article. German definite articles grew out of the old demonstrative forms dër, diu, daz and have also been used as relative pronouns. There are even more cases (no pun intended) of articles that cline ...


9

Your word order is a little bit awkward, but the articles are in this case not required in German either: Ich habe im Sommer immer T-Shirt und Jeans an. ... is a perfectly correct sentence. I would also have used the verb "tragen" instead of "anhaben": Ich trage im Sommer immer T-Shirt und Jeans.


8

"Theater" is Greek, and Latin and Greek words (which don't identify persons or animals) have a tendency to get the neutral gender: das Theater das Museum das Gymnasium das Fenster das Konklave das Partikel (physikalisch) das Tabernakel das Kolosseum das Auto(mobil) chemische Elemente auf "-ium" Of course there are many ...


8

We can literally translate this example to reveal the usage of "das" in the example given as demonstrative pronoun: Who is it? Martha, is that you?


8

Die Butter Hier handelt es sich um ein Lehwort aus dem griechischen βούτυρον, bzw. dem lateinischen butyrum. Vielleicht war daher das Geschlecht des Wortes nie ganz klar. Siehe dazu auch folgende Fragen hier: Do Latin loanwords conserve their gender? For new words which are often nouns who sets the gender? In unterschiedlichen Regionen Deutschlands ...


8

Ich fahre Bus can mean both: I am a bus driver or I ride in a bus. It depends on the context. If you say Ich fahre den Bus or Ich fahre einen Bus you are the driver. The sentence Ich fahre mit einem Bus means normally you ride on a bus. But depending on the context, it could also mean you are the driver. If it is clear you drive, then the sentence Ich ...


8

Wie schon anderswo erklärt, kann „danken“ ein Dativ- und ein Akkusativobjekt haben, um auszudrücken, wem und wofür gedankt wird. Dort wo wir heute den Akkusativ benutzen, wurde laut Grimm (Punkt 3) im Mittelhochdeutschen und noch darüber hinaus bis ins 16. Jahrhundert der Genitiv verwandt. Dies scheint sich in der Wendung „Danke der Nachfrage“ erhalten zu ...


8

In geschriebener Sprache wird ein Vorname wie Lisa (ohne weiteres Attribut) ohne Artikel gebraucht. 1 Kennst du Lisa? In der gesprochenen Umgangssprache gebraucht man den Artikel aber doch. 2 Kennst du die Lisa? Hat der Name Attribute (Adjektiv, Relativsatz, etc), muss der Artikel gebraucht werden, weil wir dann von einer näher bestimmten Lisa ...


7

There's no rules as long as I know, according to the Wikipedia article about German grammar: In addition, German assigns gender to nouns without natural gender, in fairly arbitrary fashion. For example, the three common pieces of cutlery all have different genders: das Messer ("knife") is neuter, die Gabel ("fork") is feminine, and der Löffel ("spoon") ...


7

This is a very subtle point of German grammar that native speakers don't necessarily get right. It is most often discussed in connection with John F. Kennedy's speech in Berlin. Ich bin Berliner. Ich bin ein Berliner. 1 is what I could say because I am living in Berlin. I might also say it if I lived elsewhere but had been born in Berlin, or had grown up ...


7

In both cases I would tend to avoid the proposed phrases. For the first example: mit Verletzungen an Mund und Nase sounds somewhat better. mit verletztem Mund und Nase would also be viable in my opinion, since the mere existence of a nose is unquestionable and occuring in this sentence clearly indicates it also to be covered by verletztem. The ...



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