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16

Bis auf wenige Verwendungen innerhalb verschiedener Mundarten, ist "Städte" der korrekte Plural. "Städt" scheint also ein Fehler im Buch zu sein.


12

"Rules" for pronunciations are merely descriptive not prescriptive. The pronounciation depends on the whole word. The numbers up until 20 were more often used than numbers greater than 20 when the German language developed. That's why the pronunciation of "vierzehn" could develop more independently from "vier" than for example "vierhundert". So, the word ...


11

I've used what I call the Maria Braun method. In the film "The Marriage of Maria Braun," the hero ask Maria, "Where did you learn English so well?" The gist of her answer was "By dating." I've dated one or two native speakers, and any number of German-Americans whose German was better than mine. This advice is not suitable for a married person unless your ...


10

I find the German section of about.com excellent. They have grammar and vocabulary lessons accompanied by exercises, but the real goodies are found in the audio lab. Try listening to the audio of "Die Bremer Stadtmusikanten" while reading the transcript! The section of "Deutsche Welle" for German learners has got audio and video as well, and you can sort ...


9

For nouns: gender and plural strong/weak noun declension (1) For verbs: past stem, complete spoken past phrase, geben, gab, habe gegeben. Furthermore, if a specific preposition is required, then it makes sense to put it there. But not so much for gehen as it could be almost anything. And then, note if there is a self reference. ...


9

Skype offers a fantastic opportunity for learning languages online. You can have free, live conversations with native speakers, and even use video for a more complete immersion experience. Learning languages with Skype is very effective. Finding a language exchange partner The first difficulty, though, is finding willing native speakers. If you’re not in a ...


8

For both 't' and 'l' the tip of the tongue is in the same spot (on the speaker's alveolar ridge, to be precise). When 't' is followed by 'l', German speakers leave the tip of the tongue in that place, merely narrowing their tongue to go from one sound to the other. Thus, the release of the plosive 't' is very close to that of 'k' in this case.


8

Prefixation is a common way to change or further precise verb meanings. According to this nice summary at Canoon.net we have separable prefixes: verb and prefix are separated on inflection. ab, an, auf, aus, bei, dar, ein, fehl, für, inne, los, nach, rück, vor, wieder, zu, zurecht, zwischen inseparable prefixes: verb and prefix are not separated. be, ...


8

This is a very good question. I can only state assumptions. I think it evolved as a quirk because it's easier to pronounce. For example, the word 'fünfzehn' (15) is sometimes pronounced 'fuffzehn', and the word 'zwanzig' (20) is sometimes pronounced 'zwanzich' (very common in northern Germany). Try to slowly pronounce the word 'vier' with a long 'i' and ...


7

Go to a German-speaking country Talk (don't just study, don't just passively listen) Drink alcohol (relieves your natural inhibition about your bad accent, grammatical mistakes, and limited vocabulary, and it's what people do when they socialize) Buy a pocket dictionary. Has to be small enough to take everywhere and pull out for reading signs and ...


7

I cannot answer definitely, since I'm a native German (and also not a German teacher), but this is my experience: Yes, you will be able to form basic German sentences and, more important, they will likely be understood, even if not immediately. No, you will not be able to form correct German sentences after a week unless you are a language wunderkind. But ...


6

What you have here is a postvocalic r -- an r that follows a vowel. Like in British English, postvocalic r in German isn't pronounced "properly", but it does change the vowel it follows and is itself realized as a vowel (see also @Veri's answer). Compare the following English word pairs for examples (and pronounce them British in your head): bee -- beer ...


6

Es wird fantastisch! The main (and only) verb of the first sentence is werden in present tense. In German, it is quite common to use the present tense to denote the future. Es wird fantastisch sein! The main verb of the second sentence is sein in future tense (Futur I, which uses werden as an auxiliary verb). Thus, both sentences are correct ...


5

I suggest watching German films. You can watch with translated subtitles first, and then try watching with the original German subtitles. (They are usually prepared for the hearing impaired - and the accuracy varies widely.) I find that helps me to connect the spoken with the written language. And you can also often find the subtitles in a simple text format ...


5

Collected Answers: about.com -They have lessons of grammar and vocabulary accompanied by exercises, but the real goodies are found in the audio lab. Try listening to the audio of "Die Bremer Stadtmusikanten" while reading the transcript! Babbel - Cheap online learning and an iPhone app Deutsche Welle - for German learners has got audio and video, and you ...


5

I've used Babbel for learning German, Swedish and French with pretty good success. I'm currently fluent in Swedish and speak pretty decent German and French.


5

You could order the magazine "Deutsch Perfekt". I think it's indeed PERFECT for learning German as it offers a great mixture of articles about current issues about politics, culture etc. (The level of the articles varies from easy to demanding and the most important vocabulary of each text is always translated in a box). Furthermore, it offers excersises ...


4

I went through half of volume 1 (out of 2 volumes) of FSI's German Basic Course as a complete beginner. Advantages Spaced repetition to great effect. I probably remember every single word from this course. The drills are well-designed, too. No fluff. The course focuses on learning, and wastes no time on silly tasks and stories. Clean. I really enjoyed ...


4

There are a lot of such prefixes: ein-, zu-, aus-, er-, zer-, ent-, ver-, vor-, nach-, gegen-, durch-, weiter-, über-, unter-, auf-, ge-, herein-, heraus-, hinein-, hinaus-, weg- and others. There is a certain logic behind them, however you need to learn which combinations are possible. E.g. for schlafen you have einschlafen, ausschlafen, entschlafen, ...


4

German forms the future tense with werden. Werden also means to become. Seeing it that way helps to understand why sein is superfluous here. Morgen werde ich 20. I'll turn 20 tomorrow. The literal translation would be: Tomorrow I become 20. which is actually a proper statement. German expresses the future that way. It is a different mind set if ...


3

Read a lot and write a lot. Listen a lot and speak a lot. Encourage people to correct you and let them know that you appreciate it whenever they do correct you. Find any topic that interests you personally, and read about it in German; that will force you to look up words and expressions, and you will easily memorize them because you have learned them in ...


3

One thing I've found useful is to listen to German music. Some bands I can think of right off are die Prinzen, Rosenstolz, Wir Sind Helden, Blumchen, and die Wise Guys. Obviously, you can go to youtube and search for music videos, but you can also go to last.fm (and probably lots of other internet radios) and type in "German music" and hear all sorts of ...


3

I recorded an example how to pronounce it: https://soundcloud.com/splattne/pronunciation-of-lernst There are two slightly different ways: with a (almost) silent r with an explicit r (I guess that's difficult if you're not a native speaker; also, not so common nowadays)


3

I think it depends on whether you speak some special kind of dialect or not. I am from Austria, and we often pronounce the /r/-sound like an /a/-sound -> leanst. Unfortunately, I can't give you more information about this specific questions.


3

Try reading the newspaper, the articles are short, and have pictures, which will help with context. Some German radio stations available online


3

Something I've found effective with language learning at a beginner level is looking for Disney songs on You Tube. They're generally good idiomatic translations and it's easy subject matter that you may well be familiar with. Comparing the lyrics to work out where the translations are quite literal and where something has been said in a very different way ...


3

There is a classification scheme for judging how good your foreign language skills are and what you are able to achieve at each level. Many organisations give classes to enable you to reach a certain level, and there is learning material available tailor-made for this purpose. I suggest you browse such material to find out which vocabulary and which grammar ...


2

If cost is not important, I really recommend the Goethe Institut Fernlernen programs. They are computer-based and you have 6 months to complete each level. They focus on reading, grammar, and vocabulary, but there is listening comprehension involved and the voice recognition system allows you to practice speaking. You need to be self-motivated, and it is ...


2

Start learning German in your own country. Universities and their language centers are usually a good place to learn in a small class with a pace suitable for fast learning. As soon as you can, try to find a tandem partner exchange student at your university. Find resources on the internet, find chat partners on the net, join our community on this site ...



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