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First, note please that there is no "conjugation of würden": wird, würd(e), werden and würden are all forms of the same verb, werden. The forms with ü are past subjunctive/Konjunktiv II forms which are derived from the past tense of werden which is er wurde/sie wurden. Although this subjunctive/Konjunktiv is derived from a past tense, its meaning is present. ...


1

Indeed, these two words have a different pronunciation: er/sie/es wird [vɪrt] (Indikativ) es/sie/es würde [ˈvʏrdə] (Konjunktiv II)


0

Einerseits gibt es in Südamerika viele Menschen, die recyceln und dadurch weniger Müll produzieren . Andererseits gibt es Leute, die einfach nicht recyceln.


1

Einerseits gibt es in Südamerika viele Menschen, die "recyceln" und ihren Müll weniger macht. Andererseits gibt es Leute, die einfach nicht "recycelt". It's nearly correct. I, as a German, would link the phrases so there would only be one, but your sentences are perfectly fine. The quotation marks aren't neccessary and would probably confuse a bit. ...


12

Most of the modal verbs are so-called preterite-presents (Präteritopräsentien). A demonstrative example is the German verb wissen (though commonly not counted as modal). "Regular" verbs have an -e ending in the first person singular present and a -t ending in the third person singular present. ich gehe, er geht. However, the verb wissen has ich ...



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