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11

Like @Em1 said, this is the subjunctive form. Cf. the English version: Holy be Thy name Thy kingdom come Thy will be done That is, this is not supposed to be statement of facts, but of wishes.


0

I'd suggest using Canoo - they have conjugation tables for a lot of verbs.


1

There are free to use dictionary sites like Pons that will find both trifft and traf. It's usually not a problem to indentify the prefix of a seperable verb, because unlike a preposition it won't be followed by a noun. So you get "Das trifft zu", but "Ich gehe zum Bäcker".


2

Even though this is not part of the question I'd like to point out that "Sportfilm" is a noun and therefore has to be written in uppercase. Now regarding your claim: If you refer to the movie itself it should be "Er" and "Der" as Martin Peters wrote. But referring to the movie using "der" is kind of clumsy. If you instead vaguely refer to the action of ...


0

"Er" is correct, since it is "der Film".


8

There are two main classes in German verb conjugation: Strong verbs are verbs that form their past tense with ablaut (singen - sang - gesungen); weak verbs are verbs that form their past tense with a dental suffix (leben - lebte - gelebt). The phenomenon that you describe (vowel change in present singular) is primarily one that occurs in strong verb ...


0

I remember several reasons: ancient methods to express grammatical functions (inflection), which remained within the language, but are not productive anymore (singen, sang, gesungen vs. verlinken, verlinkte, verlinkt) highly productive words such as sein, which are used very often and are prone to change phenomena such as the Präteritopräsentia, where ...


2

It's the same concept as in the English or French languages, some verbs just are different. Usually the concerned verbs are more commonly used in language and/or of older origin. Examples: German: Sein: Ich bin, Du bist, Er ist, Wir sind, Ihr seid, Sie sind English: To be: I am, You are, He is, We are, You are, They are French: ...


1

Laut Duden – Das große Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache sowie Duden – Deutsches Universalwörterbuch wird das Perfekt des Verbs „erfolgen“ mit dem Hilfsverb „ist“ gebildet. Die grammatischen Angaben stehen in spitzen Klammern: er|fọl|gen 〈sw. V.; ist〉 [mhd. ervolgen = erreichen; refl. = sich zutragen]: als Folge von etw. geschehen, eintreten, ...



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