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15

The OP seems to have a good background in syllable structure, but I'll give some background in that for those who might not. This phenomenon is known as final obstruent devoicing. An obstruent is a consonant made by constricting airflow. In German, the relevant ones are (in IPA): stops (a.k.a. plosives): /b,p/ /d,t/ /g,k/ fricatives: /v,f/ /z,s/ /ʒ,ʃ/ ...


5

In most cases (and true for your examples): Germanic words are pronounced /f/ loan-words (especially Latin) are pronounced /v/. In particular, true German words starting with "ver-" are pronounced /f/, but not "Verdikt", say.


4

They sound exactly the same, they just are spelled differently Er isst einen Hamburger. Er ist ein Hamburger. They are 2 different verbs that have 2 different meanings, that when conjugated for Er/Sie/Es sound exactly the same


3

There are also a few examples that are homophones: Mann/man Inn/in


3

Ich stimme der Antwort von ammoQ zu: Bei Auslautverhärtungen im Wortinneren handelt es sich meistens um zusammengesetzte Wörter. Im deutschen Wiktionary steht z. B. beim Eintrag "D" (Hervorhebung von mir): Der Buchstabe D wird im Deutschen grundsätzlich [d] ausgesprochen, am Wortende und in zusammengesetzten Wörtern am Ende eines Teilwortes aber als ...


3

Handschuh and Tagfalter are composite words, so "d" resp. "g" are the last consonant of the first component. Regarding "Objekt" and "obligatorisch", I don't pronounce the b differently. I think it's unvoice in both cases.


3

Again I'm on my quest to add some IPA to this site: How Bruder is pronounced was explained here, so I'm not going to repeat that. Now for mehr. In IPA you would write: [ˈmeːɐ] The difference is that in this case, we have a stressed e and not a schwa [ə] as in Bruder. [eː] is a vowel that is produced in the front part of the mouth, whereas [ə] is in ...


3

If an -r is the final letter of a word, the it is usually pronounced similar to an short "a". Mehr is no exception to that. Mutt(e)a, Brud(e)a, Wint(e)a, meea, voa, Uua.. The proper IPA symbol is different.


1

I never heard a German dialect that uses /v/ for words like ver(-)gammelt. I have lived in the west and north of Germany and in Berlin.


1

das – dass Wal – Wall Hüte – Hütte Schal – Schall Schrot – Schrott Schote – Schotte Scharen – Scharren Nute – Nutte scharen – scharren er ist – er isst Koma – Komma Amen – Ammen Halo – Hallo wir – wirr Raten – Ratten Mate – Matte Magie – Maggie :-)


1

In "isst", you put more emphasis on the i and the s is a little bit sharper than in "ist".



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