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23

In Standard German, a phenomenon called terminal devoicing (Auslautverhärtung in German) affects the pronunciation of word-final (or more generally: morpheme-final) consonants. It leads to the merging of the phoneme pairs b–p, d–t, w–f, g–k and /z/–/s/ (a phoneme pair not reflected in orthography). These are typically pronounced as if the unvoiced letter ...


19

The OP seems to have a good background in syllable structure, but I'll give some background in that for those who might not. This phenomenon is known as final obstruent devoicing. An obstruent is a consonant made by constricting airflow. In German, the relevant ones are (in IPA): stops (a.k.a. plosives): /b,p/ /d,t/ /g,k/ fricatives: /v,f/ /z,s/ /ʒ,ʃ/ ...


8

They sound exactly the same, they just are spelled differently Er isst einen Hamburger. Er ist ein Hamburger. They are 2 different verbs that have 2 different meanings, that when conjugated for Er/Sie/Es sound exactly the same


6

In most cases (and true for your examples): Germanic words are pronounced /f/ loan-words (especially Latin) are pronounced /v/. In particular, true German words starting with "ver-" are pronounced /f/, but not "Verdikt", say.


6

Ich glaube nicht, dass es so ein Minimalpaar gibt. Das liegt daran, dass - wie ich glaube - [χ] und [ç] Allophone desselben deutschen Phonems sind. Ob [χ] oder [ç] gesprochen wird, hängt von dem Vokal vor dem Frikativ ab, bzw davon, ob davor überhaupt ein Vokal steht oder nicht. Meiner Beobachtung nach ist es so, dass bei einem bestimmten Wort [χ] bzw. [ç] ...


5

Drei Vorschläge, allerdings jeweils ziemlich "herbeikonstruiert" mit Deiner Idee des Diminutivs "-chen": die Stadt Aachen und Achen als Diminutiv zu A tauchen und Tauchen Kuchen und Kuhchen Eine Google-Suche nach Kuhchen fördert noch einige interessante Seiten zu Tage, so zum Beispiel eine Kuhchen benannte Plastik und das Buch "Volkstümliches in ...


5

They both end with the same /t/ sound, that's true. However, to my perception, Rat tends to be pronounced with a significantly longer a than Rad. So basically Rad /ʁat/ Rat /ʁa:t/ This is at least the case in more western standard German (Rhine/Ruhr) in compounds like Stadtrat /'ʃtatʁa:t/ vs Fahrrad /'faʁat/. The longer a-sound has the effect that the t-...


3

There are also a few examples that are homophones: Mann/man Inn/in


3

Ich stimme der Antwort von ammoQ zu: Bei Auslautverhärtungen im Wortinneren handelt es sich meistens um zusammengesetzte Wörter. Im deutschen Wiktionary steht z. B. beim Eintrag "D" (Hervorhebung von mir): Der Buchstabe D wird im Deutschen grundsätzlich [d] ausgesprochen, am Wortende und in zusammengesetzten Wörtern am Ende eines Teilwortes aber als ...


3

Handschuh and Tagfalter are composite words, so "d" resp. "g" are the last consonant of the first component. Regarding "Objekt" and "obligatorisch", I don't pronounce the b differently. I think it's unvoice in both cases.


3

Again I'm on my quest to add some IPA to this site: How Bruder is pronounced was explained here, so I'm not going to repeat that. Now for mehr. In IPA you would write: [ˈmeːɐ] The difference is that in this case, we have a stressed e and not a schwa [ə] as in Bruder. [eː] is a vowel that is produced in the front part of the mouth, whereas [ə] is in ...


3

If an -r is the final letter of a word, the it is usually pronounced similar to an short "a". Mehr is no exception to that. Mutt(e)a, Brud(e)a, Wint(e)a, meea, voa, Uua.. The proper IPA symbol is different.


2

Actually no, but lots of Germans pronounce "ist" without the "t" at the end.Generally there is absolutely no difference. You can guess the meaning from the context like Er ist/isst ein Kind. Here it is clear that it has to be "ist". Er ist/isst eine Suppe. Now it is "isst", because usually you can't be a soup :D


1

das – dass Wal – Wall Hüte – Hütte Schal – Schall Schrot – Schrott Schote – Schotte Scharen – Scharren Nute – Nutte scharen – scharren er ist – er isst Koma – Komma Amen – Ammen Halo – Hallo wir – wirr Raten – Ratten Mate – Matte Magie – Maggie :-)


1

In "isst", you put more emphasis on the i and the s is a little bit sharper than in "ist".


1

I never heard a German dialect that uses /v/ for words like ver(-)gammelt. I have lived in the west and north of Germany and in Berlin.



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