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7

Basic thoughts The basic situation has already been clarified by the previous answers. I would like to add that the first word order that comes to mind is: Ich gebe Herrn Müller das Buch. This can emphasise, the object, but usually not strongly. There are certainly other permissible word orders. The first one would be: Ich gebe das Buch Herrn ...


3

It’s not necessary to write zu because the verb geben is already a dative verb: Ich gebe Herrn Müller das Buch. If you prefer to use pronouns: Ich gebe es [the book] ihm [Mr. Müller]. If you want to write his name in the sentence, then it is: Ich gebe es Herrn Müller.


1

In your example, the dative should be placed at the end of the title, "Herr." The proper construction then is "Ich gebe es Herrn Müller." The "en" comes after the "Herr" and is contracted to "n." There is also an omitted "dem." That is, it is omitted from "Ich gebe es [dem] Herrn Muller. You don't need the additional preposition "zu" for "to," because ...


1

Du hast schon eine sehr gute Antwort erhalten, aber ich möchte auf mehr Punkte eingehen. Ja, die Konstruktion ist ähnlich zu „jemandem die Haare schneiden“. Ein vielleicht noch einfacheres Beispiel ist Ich wasche mir die Hände. (I am washing my hands.) was im Deutschen die gebräuchliche Form ist. Wenn ich stattdessen „ich wasche meine Hände“ sage, ...


0

Ja, der Dativ ist da völlig in Ordnung. Fragestellung beim Dativ: Wem fiel das Herz eine Elle tiefer herab? Dem Schneider Zu 3: Aus meiner Erfahrung ist eine solch geschwollene Ausdrucksweise nicht üblich. Ich spreche selbst Hochdeutsch und habe noch nie jemanden so sprechen hören, außer in alten Filmen oder Texten. Daraus erschließt sich die 4: "...


6

This is standard contemporary usage of the dative, no regional variety, not aging (If you disregard the "Elle" which is an ancient unit - See below for a contemporary expression). And no, it has nothing to do with the "Ersatzdativ". Dative is used here to point out it happens to him, and one of his parts is affected. This form is called Dativus possesivus ...


4

"Seit" triggers dative case, yes. But "einen Hut" does not belong to "seit" here, it belongs to "hast" (-> "haben"). Und "haben" needs accusative case. See the first part of the sentence - "ich habe einen Hut".


9

Seit is not only a preposition. It can be one, but it doesn’t have to be. If it is a preposition, it governs dative. But if it is, then its government only extends to the first noun expression following. If it were a preposition in your example, its effect would only concern du. But, as I mentioned, seit is also a temporal conjunction. In this case, it ...


3

The verb is jemandem etwas bauen, with the thing you are building being in the accusative case and the person who you are building it for in the dative case. Remember that languages that have cases (such as German) are very strict in using them and rely strongly on them to avoid ambiguity. Thus, if Jim built his daughter a sand castle, the only correct ...



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