New answers tagged dative
The genitive forms of the pronouns are "meiner", "deiner", "seiner", "ihrer", "seiner", "unser", "euer", "ihrer", so it's "anstatt seiner". Note, however, that all the genitive forms are relatively uncommon in colloquial speech.
I think you have (at least) three possibilities here: You take the genitive of the personal pronoun (male, singular) which is seiner: Anstatt seiner habe ich sie gewählt. Since nobody uses the genitive form seiner in every-day speech, you can use the dative form ihm; my guess is that is the most common version but prescriptivists won't like it: Anstatt ...
I'm not an expert, however mit is a preposition that always requires the dative. The sentence in the textbook is correct: Mit heißem Tee
I'm sure Duden knows what he says. But I would avoid "eine Tasse heißen Tees". That reminds me too much of the language of Schiller, two hundred years ago. And I would also avoid "eine Tasse heißem Tee". That sounds very awkward to me. I would simply say "Ich möchte einen heißen Tee", to avoid the problem with adjective + noun after a noun describing ...
Both examples are correct. The second one is considered elevated or refined language. Duden – Richtiges und gutes Deutsch, 6. Aufl. Mannheim 2007: Substantivierte Adjektive und Partizipien nach Mengenangaben stehen gewöhnlich im Genitiv: (…) Dagegen weisen singularische Substantive nach Mengen- und Maßangaben heute gewöhnlich denselben Kasus wie ...
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