Tag Info

Hot answers tagged

12

"Vorher" (and, equivalently, "davor") means "before" or "earlier", so it's relative to some point in time that should be clear from the context. "Vorhin" means "a short time ago", so it's relative to now.


7

Both verbs are related to arbeiten, i.e. to work. Bearbeiten simply means to work on something, it's usually an open-ended process: Der Bildhauer bearbeitet den Marmorblock. Mit Photoshop kann man Bilder bearbeiten. Der Beamte konnte den Akt nicht bearbeiten. Der Verdächtige wurde vom Polizisten bearbeitet, bis er die Tat zugab. There are numerous ...


7

No they can't. This might be true for a lot of cases, but they can have subtly different meanings: Das Geld reicht zum Essen. Das Geld reicht für das Essen. The first sentence implies that whatever money the speaker gets is enough to keep her fed (while also implying that it's not enough for much else). The sencond sentence, on the other hand, ...


5

I am not sure the difference is all that clear (and sometimes simply a matter of personal preference) but yes, in most of these cases you'd use the German muss. You can, of course, reword (es ist notwendig / zwingend / verpflichtend zu ...) and have to is used literally (hat zu) as well: Der Verkehrsteilnehmer hat sich an die Straßenverkehrsordnung zu ...


5

In most cases, the two can be used interchangably. For example, I do not see a difference in meaning between: Sie gab das Signal zum Wenden. Sie gab das Signal fürs Wenden. Sie gab das Signal für das Wenden. She gave the signal to turn. Ich bin zu alt zum Fallschirmspringen. Ich bin zu alt fürs Fallschirmspringen. Ich bin zu alt für das ...


5

Ich hätte gerne This expression (usually) requires a noun following it. Ich hätte gerne drei Semmeln Ich hätte gerne einen Freund But: Ich hätte gerne gezahlt This last one is substantially different from the first two. Those first two are the subjunctive II forms of haben followed by the word gern(e) (to make the sentence more polite), and ...


5

In respect to your mood, there's no difference whatsoever. The only difference I can think of is the verb which goes with it: Gute/Schlechte Laune haben in guter/schlechter Stimmung sein Stimmung is also used for atmosphere. You wouldn't use Laune. Die Stimmung im Raum war gut. Laune can be used for a spontaneous emotional outburst, especially ...


5

Laune The word »Laune« comes from the latin word »luna« that means »the moon«. So it has the same origin as the English word »lunatic« (»Verrückter« in German), the Italian »lunatico« (engl: »moody«, ger: »launisch«) and the French »lunatique« (same meaning as the Italian word). The original meaning of »Laune« was the mood of a person, that was influenced ...


5

Please keep in mind that the meanings of bearbeiten and umarbeiten tend to blend into each other the more you're thinking of really distinctive examples; that's mainly due to special contextual and regional habits of using them, although from their basic meanings, you can quite well distinguish them. I will include überarbeiten because it is also important ...


4

Wegfahren (drive off) is focussing on a short movement from a given location without concern for a final destination, although this movement might as well be only the beginning of a longer journey. The means of transport is usually a private one, a car, motorcycle, bicycle, etc.: Fahr von dort weg, du stehst im Halteverbot. Ich fahre noch kurz ...


4

Atmung is the derived noun from the verb atmen referring to the process of breathing. Seine Atmung ist schwach (his breathing is weak) Fische sowie einige Lurche betreiben Kiemenatmung (Fish and some amphibians use gill breathing) The second sentence is slightly constructed and probably wouldn't be said that way. A better way would be to say: ...


4

Eine Auswertung von etwas means an analysis/evaluation of something, whereas eine Wertung von etwas is more like a rating/judgment/grading (to name only characteristic examples). Die Auswertungen der Testergebnisse wurden am Montag in der Lokalzeitung publiziert. Die interne Auswertung kam zu dem Ergebnis, dass... Einer der Kampfrichter lag ...


4

In my experience, lange Nacht is generally used meaning that the day(-time activity) was longer than usual. It might be working late, it might be party until late at night, or simply, as for example in lange Nacht der Museen that a place is open longer than normal. Kurze Nacht in contrast (in my experience, still) is used when you had ...


3

raten: more advise than recommend. With a bit of certainty, “I know what is best, do X”. (Be sure to use a dative object (whom do you advise, wem rätst du etwas) or it can mean guess.) empfehlen: recommend. More subjective than “raten”, ”I like Y best, try that”. anraten, zuraten: sound old-fashioned. Seldom used nowadays. Also beraten: counsel, advise. ...


2

While c.p. is right with the usage of hätte gerne. I would like to add something. möchte and würde is in this context the same. It's just the difference of being more polite or not. You could say. Ich möchte gerne zahlen. Or. Ich würde gerne zahlen. The same you could say with hätte: Ich hätte gerne die Rechnung. hätte: Ich hätte ...


2

Auswertung means, literally, extracting a useful, significant result from a clutch of data: Die Auswertung der Daten des Flugschreibers ergab, dass der Höhenmesser des Flugkapitäns fehlerhaft gewesen war. Die Umfrage war nicht fachgerecht durchgeführt worden und wurde daher nicht ausgewertet. Wertung basically means estimating the worth or merit ...


2

The basic meaning of verarbeiten is to use raw materials to produce something more elaborate, where the focus lies on the transformation of substances to a new substance: Sie verarbeitete die Zutaten zu einem Kuchenteig. This meaning has also been applied to psychological processes of coping with traumatic experiences, as they, too, imply a development ...


2

Müssen is most common; e.g. Ich muss zur Schule gehen. Jemand hat etwas zu tun implies somebody makes you do it or dictates you do it: Sie haben nicht zu fragen, sondern zu gehorchen. Need to would be translated as brauchen, as in Ich brauche einen Stift / I need a pen. In this form it's least strong and more a request or desire. I need to ...


1

In English, a clear distinction is made between must and other verbal forms that are used to indicate requirements. In German, this distinction is not so strict. For example, in contracts, standards, and technical documents written in English, the verbal form shall is used to indicate requirements strictly to be followed in order to conform to the document ...


1

"müssen" is more like an informal word in German. It always has a simple, even childish or naive touch to it, more so when it is used without a verb, like so: "Ich muss aufs Klo." = "I need to go to the toilet" "Ich muss in die Schule." = "I have to go to school" Other examples: "Ich muss Hausaufgaben machen." = "I've got homework to do." "Ich muss ...


1

"das ist" = "this (or that) is", "es ist" = "it is". Use as in English.


1

When you are talking about your own mood, Laune and Stimmung have subtle differences in meaning. Stimmung is probably closer to the English meaning, while Laune tends to imply a more short-term spontaneous thing. The English word "lark" seems to capture the meaning a bit better. However, Laune is also used negatively: "Ich habe schlechte Laune" = I am in a ...


1

The meaning is rather different. The principal difference in connotation is in the focus on different elements of the situation. "verarbeiten" focuses on the experiencer. The notion is that some experienced something that is hard to bear; after "verarbeiten", that individual hopes to be able to function as well as before, or at least better than directly ...


1

Actually it seems for me a similar distinction as between evaluation (very closely corresponding to "Auswertung") and valuation (weakly corresponding to "Wertung"). The first one is any sort of looking at numbers/material/statistics and drawing conclusions, while the second is determining the value of something or ranking.


1

The literal meaning of both self-conscious and selbstbewusst is awareness of oneself. A priori this can go either way, depending on your opinion of yourself. Let's consider the extreme cases for clarity. If you think of yourself as worthless, you'll end up self-conscious when being aware of yourself. If you think a great deal of yourself it'll make you ...


1

Atmung Das ist ein Vorgang, der meist wie folgt verstanden wird: Die Muskulatur des Brustkorbs und das Zwerchfell vergrößern und verkleinern in einem sich ständig wiederholenden Zyklus das Volumen der Lunge, wodurch Luft durch die Luftröhre ausgepresst (ausgeatmet) und eingesaugt (eingeatmet) wird. Diese muskuläre Tätigkeit, und auch das Ein- und Ausströmen ...


1

Die beiden Begriffe kann man von zwei Enden des Spektrums kommend betrachten. Atmung Ist der medizinisch-technische Begriff, der den physiologischen Prozess des Luftholens mit seinen Parametern wie Intensität, Geschwindigkeit und Frequenz betrachtet. "Atmung" ist viel enger im Anwendungsbereich als "Atem" Atem Hat einen wesentliche weiteren ...



Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible