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0

"Dürr" is used more regarding vegetation and agriculture. I would say ... "Eine große Dürre kam über das Land." "A great drought came upon the land." Means: There was no rain and so they had problems to grow food. If you're not sure then use rather "trocken". Makes more sense in most cases and is more general.


2

Just to add something that has not been remarked yet, mathematically, Ordnung can also be used to express to power of a polynomial. Such as 2n^2 - 1 would by a "Polynom 2. Ordnung". Scientifically it is commonly used to imply categorization, in general language it is usually used to imply either tidyness (of a room for example) or political stability (as ...


5

Ordnung: generally order in the sense of non-chaos also: taxonomical order (category) Reihenfolge: order as in a sequence or a queue; first, second, third,..


3

"Reihenfolge" is used when you want to express that one thing comes after the other other in a certain way. "Die Reihenfolge der Bearbeitung ist folgendermaßen ..." means "The order of processing is as follows ..." "Ordnung" can be used as a synonym. Not sure if it would suit everywhere. "Die Ordnung der Bearbeitung ist folgendermaßen ..." would sound ...


1

The word “ändern” refers to "changing" something by adding something different or leading someone in a new direction. In essence, you are changing the "mix," rather than the underlying object. This is sometimes referred to as "retail" change. On the other hand “verändern” has the connotation of changing something by replacing what's already there. In the ...


-2

Both versions are correct, and both versions are Standard German. In German German (official language* in Germany, Luxembourg and Belgium) the correct term is: Lisa lernt etwas an einer Schule. Markus geht zur Schule. (zur = zu der) *offical language means: laws and other legal documents are written in this language, and this language is taught in ...


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'sollen' is the verb in infinitive and 'sollten' its in past tense and it goes like this: ich sollte du solltest er / sie / es sollte wir sollten ihr solltet sie sollten


-2

An der Schule means standing beside the school and in der Schule means inside the school.


6

Since you mentioned you know that sollten is the past tense (Präteritum) of sollen, I'm going to focus on the difference between the indicative and the subjunctive. The best way to understand the difference between sollen (present) and sollten (subjunctive, called Konjunktiv II in German) is to translate them as "have to" and "should", respectively. Die ...


1

You already gave the correct translations, but I try to summarize it in one sentence: I can be untidy and almost sloppy when working a lot, but having time I can be precise and nitpicking. I don't know, if that is what you had in mind. I would differentiate the words in english like that: unordentlich: untidy by the means of unsorted, not ...


12

dünn: anything that has a small diameter, i.e. is thin; antonym: dick; if in doubt use this word schlank: mostly restricted to slim humans and other slender living beings, and parts thereof like Bein ‘leg’ and Zweig ‘twig’, sounds healthier than dünn (Schlankheitskur ‘slimming cure’, seemingly related to Schlange ‘snake, queue’ ); antonym: füllig; if used ...


0

The three words refer to the degree of effort or skill on the part of the actor that brought about the result. Ausfallen literally means to "fall out." That is to turn out "randomly." Geraten also means to "turn out," but is largely a result of effort or skill. Gelingen is to succeed. It is a result (mostly) of one's making. "The cake turned out well." "...


2

"Irgendeine" refers to "any" chosen at random, e.g. by the roll of dice. "Beliebige" refers to "any" chosen at discretion. You are making a decision. In your example, "Add one mana of any color to your mana pool," the correct word would be beliebige, because you are playing Magic, a game involving strategy, more than chance. On the other hand, if you were ...


0

To "erkundigen nach" is to "ask about" in a general way that leaves some discretion to the answerer. To "fragen nach" is to ask a question in a specific or direct way (which some people consider less polite), that leaves little discretion to the answerer. To use your example: Erkundigen nach dem Weg. (To ask for directions, generally. The answerer is being ...


1

Sich fühlen refers to what you feel inside. Ich fühle mich glücklich. I feel happy (inside). Fühlen means what you feel outside, translated by others as "to sense." Ich fühle die Winde. I feel the wind.


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Gelingen is the easy one. It means "succeed". As such it should not need great explanations. Ausfallen emphasises the final outcome of a process. Wie ist seine Entscheidung ausgefallen? The other two would be wrong here. Geraten This is extremely hard to pin down, but I would say it emphasises the process far more than ausfallen. Although they ...


1

ausfallen This word has several meanings and its use as a translation of "turn out" probably is not the most common. I think it's mostly used as a synonym for unusual or something special ("Das ist ein ausgefallener Kuchen") or if something planned doesn't take place ("Das Konzert ist ausgefallen" or "Der Zug ist ausgefallen"). As a translation of "turn ...


0

I can only tell subjectively as a native speaker. The only ausfallen (meaning geraten) use case that comes to my mind is when trying on clothes: Wie sitzt die Hose? Sie fällt sehr groß aus. Geraten and gelingen make sense especially when something is manually made or you have direct influence on it: Der Kuchen ist gut geraten! Der Kuchen ist dir ...


5

Fühlen can either take transitive form with a direct object - "Ich fühle die Sonne auf meiner Haut" be reflexive with an adverb - This is how you feel - "Ich fühle mich heute schlecht" Only in colloquial German you can use the reflexive form without an adverb or an adverbial construct. Er fühlte sich heute nicht und ist heim gegangen That one is a ...


4

fühlen really means to sense. If you want to express a feeling, you'll have to use sich fühlen. Consequently you can't say "ich fühle traurig", only "ich fühle mich traurig" is correct.


-1

If I am not wrong, then in this context, there is no difference in meaning or grammar, only the syntax is different. "wurde" in this context is often only a short form of "bin ... geworden". Also when using "wurden" as "became", "bin ... geworden" might signalize a more active than passive situation. This means, that one might think that the speaker might ...


8

The difference is about the same as in English. Etwas reservieren means that you express your interest in it, blocking it for other people who are also interested. Such a Reservierung most of the time is only valid for a certain period of time. Etwas buchen means that you make a definitive statement about your interest. Most of the time this is a binding ...


10

Buchen often includes a higher grade of commitment, maybe even already paying for it. If you buchen something, it normally is yours - if you reservieren it, you often only prebooked it. Sometimes you then need to get it in a certain time or you loose your Reservierung. Reservieren is very often used in context of seats (like in theaters or trains) or when ...


5

"Beurteilen" is often way more conclusive and authoritative. Der Schüler kann seine Leistung einschätzen, der Lehrer muss sie beurteilen. It may be worth stressing, "Beurteilen" has "Urteil" in it. "Urteil", in its most fundamental occurrence, means "verdict". Hence, when verdicts and formal evaluations are concerned, it is strongly preferred. ...


2

I guess they mostly can be used interchangeably, but they are not exactly the same. Einschätzen contains the word estimate, so it doesn't sound as definitely as a Beurteilung. After someone had a test and doesn't know his result yet, it would be more natural to ask: Wie schätzt Du Dein Ergebnis ein? than "Wie beurteilst Du Dein Ergebnis?" - because ...


4

Es kommt darauf an, welche Voraussetzung man annimmt: Wenn sich eine Sache von einer anderen unterscheidet, dann hat sie bezüglich eines oder mehrerer Kriterien keine Gemeinsamkeit mit einer anderen Sache. Wichtig ist, dass es auch sein kann, dass sich beide Dinge in allen Eigenschaften unterscheiden können. Beispiel Ein Auto unterscheidet sich von ...


0

Although both terms usually mean to turn things on, "Einschalten" can also be used for persons or departments when they are brought into something. Like: Er hat einen Rechtsanwalt eingeschaltet. Die Polizei hat sich eingeschaltet. Das Amt für Migration schaltet sich ein. You could not use anschalten for this purpose. If you want to turn ...


3

Zwei wichtige Unterschiede sind: Unterscheiden kann auch transitiv verwendet werden: Ich unterscheide verschiedene Farbtöne. Abweichen wird häufig für Wege (oder im übertragenen Sinn auch Lösungswege) verwendet und impliziert ein Normal, also einen Standardweg oder ein theoretischen Wert, von dem der tatsächlich eingeschlagene Weg bzw. gemessene Wert ...


2

Allgemein kann man abweichen und unterscheiden synonym verwenden. unterscheiden ist ein wenig stärker, meistens kommt es auf den Kontext an. abweichen (tech.) wird z.B. verwendet, wenn gemessene Werte nicht in einem Toleranzbereich liegen oder vorgegebene Werte nicht exakt erreichen. abweichen (naut.) wird verwendet, wenn z.B. ein Schiff den ...


0

While I also consider anschalten and einschalten as mostly synonymous (no difference in your examples), I'd like to add the following Anschalten has a (rarely used) additional meaning, which I would consider as technical term and which relates to the equally rarely used substantive Anschaltung: This means, to add some device to an already existing ...


0

I just happened upon a good contrasting pair: Hillary ist schlechter als Trump. Hillary is less skilled/able than Trump. or Hillary is more evil than Trump. Hillary ist schlimmer als Trump. Hillary has worse consequences than Trump. (i.e., electing Hillary would be worse for America or the world than electing Trump.) Never mind the politics of the ...


4

"Seit" triggers dative case, yes. But "einen Hut" does not belong to "seit" here, it belongs to "hast" (-> "haben"). Und "haben" needs accusative case. See the first part of the sentence - "ich habe einen Hut".


9

Seit is not only a preposition. It can be one, but it doesn’t have to be. If it is a preposition, it governs dative. But if it is, then its government only extends to the first noun expression following. If it were a preposition in your example, its effect would only concern du. But, as I mentioned, seit is also a temporal conjunction. In this case, it ...


9

Die amtlichen deutschen Rechtschreibregeln behandeln zusammengesetzte Verben in den §§ 33 mit 35. Da es sich auf keinen Fall um eine untrennbare Zusammensetzung handelt (»Er führt zusammen« und nicht »Er zusammenführt«) und da der Verbstamm nicht sein ist, ist § 34 hier relevant. § 34: Partikeln, Adjektive, Substantive oder Verben können als Verbzusatz ...


2

Du hast völlig recht, und der Duden bestätigt das.


0

"Vor" can be translated as "ago." And refers to a single "point in time." "Seit" can be translated as "for." And refers to "since the time period, up to the present. Ich habe vor einem Monat in Graz gewohnt. I lived in Graz one month ago. Ich habe seit einem Monat in Graz gewohnt. I've lived in Graz for one month, continuing to the present since then.


4

In addition to detailed answers here, sometimes a picture is worth a thousand words. Vor Ich bin vor 3 Jahren nach Zürich gezogen. I moved to Zurich 3 years ago. –> This was a single event that happened at a specific point in the past. I’m just relating it to the present by saying “3 years ago” and not “in 2009”. seit Ich wohne seit 3 Jahren in ...


1

Tense does matter here. When referring to a specific point in time in the past vor: use it like you would use ago in English. (20 yrs ago … / Vor 20 Jahren …) if something began in the past and is still going on (specific point in time) seit: use it like you would use since in English. (since 1958 … / seit 1958 …) if something began in the past and is ...



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