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9

Der Weihnachtsmann, so wie wir ihn heute kennen, hat eine lange Vorgeschichte und wurde durch Personen, Sagen, Mythen, geschichtliche Ereignisse und auch Firmen geprägt. Der Ursprung des Weihnachtsmannes geht auf den legendären Bischof Nikolaus zurück, der im 4. Jahrhundert in der Stadt Myra in der heutigen Türkei lebte. Dieser Bischof wurde ...


8

To attack the premise of the question: What are the arguments for substituting ß with sz? A lot of things happened to German spelling since the appearance of the letter eszett. In particular, the aspects of German spelling due to which it made sense to use sz where we now use ß ¹ are long gone. So, while the eszett bears the letters s and z in name, this ...


8

Coincidence? If you look closer at the data, there is no noticeable decrease in the use of "gern", but a substantial peak in the usage of "gerne". If you go even further back with the statistics, you can also see that the usage pattern change again in the 18th and early 19th century. At least in 1946 and 1947, several reprints of books and material from ...


5

Bach used a German spoken at his time (1685-1750) which is considered as Neuhochdeutsch but it is not spoken any more today. Nevertheless it is still understood. In addition to this a lot of changes to grammar and spelling were done for rhyming so that stanzas fit to the melody. Example: O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden, voll Schmerz und voller Hohn, ...


4

Die Schreibung von Schmied mit ie geht wohl laut Grimms Wörterbuch auf den Beginn des 19. Jahrhunderts zurück: "... die ursprüngliche kürze des stammvocals von schmied erscheint im früheren nhd. durchgehends gewahrt. Maaler 358a, Hulsius 286b, Schottel 1404, Stieler 1879 und Wachter 1443 bieten schmid, Frisch 2, 208a daneben auch schmied, das er für die ...


4

If you read a capitalized text, you don't expect to substitute letters in your head: you just read the letters. If you see -SS-, you read it in the same way as -ß-: as a voiceless s [s]. If you see -SZ-, you read it as a combination of -s- and -z-: [sts]. So STRASZE wouldn't be read as it should and this confuses. The SS inSTRASSE is read in the same way ...


4

Interestingly, the Grimm dictionary doesn't have any etymology on Ache, while it does for Bach ahd. pah pl. pechî altsächsisch beki, biki der verwandtschaft zwischen bach und πηγή [~pege] wurde schon sp. 1051 gedacht. and Aue ahd. ouwa [...] deutlich aber hängt ouwa zusammen mit aha flusz, goth. ahva, lat. aqua [...] On dwds.de, one finds ...


4

The claim comes from the fact that Proto-Indo-European has a glaring lack of sounds said to be a voice bilabial stop */b/ (this would also include that sound in initial position in a word). The reflex of this sound would be /p/ in Germanic languages (and further changed to the sound /pf/ in certain places in certain German dialects). There is a lot of truth ...


4

Religious verses in a language of around 1750. This language will hardly help you to read a novel, newspapers or to understand everday German.


3

Historically the modal verbs derive from the perfect tense which took over a meaning referring to present time. That's why the forms of the modal verbs don't follow the normal pattern. German wissen, not exactly a modal verb, has a similar conjugation in present tense. It is connected with the Latin perfect vidi - I have seen. If you have seen something ...


3

Glaube nicht, dass solche Posen speziell auf deutsche Dichter zu beziehen sind. Siehe Michelangelos Skulptur Lorenzo di Medici oder Dürers Melancholia. Nachdenkliche Gestik ist eine menschliche Körperhaltung, die nicht erst seit dem 18. Jahrhundert beobachtet wurde.


3

habe auf wikipedia folgendes gefunden: Borussia, Preußen Ein besonders häufiges Beispiel für einen Regionalbegriff im Vereinsnamen. Das Wort Borussia stammt aus dem Lateinischen und bedeutet Preußen. Oft deuten diese Namen darauf hin, dass die Vereine von preußischen Soldaten oder Polizisten gegründet wurden. Bei Borussia Dortmund ist dies jedoch ...


2

This is not restricted to s, it also happens for p, t, k, f resp. b, d, g, w (and I think v needs extra rules in the first place). The Wikipedia article states the rules between this switch between the lenis/fortis-variants in detail, and says this is a "typical phenomenon in German". To make things even more confusing, it works differently in different ...


2

Aue, Au f. ‘flaches, feuchtes, am Wasser gelegenes Wiesenland, (Fluß)niederung’, ahd. ouwa (10. Jh.), mhd. mnl. ouwe, mnd. ouwe, ō, ōge ‘Wasser(lauf), Insel (im Fluß), feuchtes Wiesenland’, aengl. īeg, īg, anord. ey, schwed. ö ‘Insel’ setzen germ. awjō (aus agwjō) ‘Aue, Insel’ voraus. Die substantivierte germ. Adjektivableitung bedeutet eigentl. ‘die zum ...


2

As rogermue already pointed out, these verbs once were past tense forms: Verbs that had a shift were past tense forms gained a present tense meaning like muss/müssen are called preterite presents or Präteritopräsentien and most of these verbs are the modals that you gave. In former times, there was a difference in singular and plural for strong past tense ...


1

Just a small addendum: The phrase "Der Dativ ist dem Genitiv sein Tod" has become very popular again within the last years. One of the more popular ambassador of this oppinion is a journalist called Bastian Sick, who writes his columns entitled "Zwiebelfisch", published on the german magazine Spiegel. The phrase itself is kind of a wordplay as it ...


1

In Standard High German (other than some southern dialects of German) [z] (voiced alveolar fricative) is an allophone of [s] (voiceless alveolar fricative) when it occurs in the onset of a syllable, that is you will never find a [s] in the beginning of a (phonological) word. Since this is a universal phonological „rule“ it is not necessary to encode this in ...


1

It happens when the letter 's' comes before a vowel except at the end of the word. And of course the double 's' is also pronounced like the English 's'.


1

Das hat nichts mit Deutschland oder Deutsch zu tun. Deshalb wirst du dir auch leichter tun, wenn du weiter rauf nach Skandinavien schaust. Die englische Wikipedia hat mich auf Sinterklaas gebracht, der der Ursprung zu sein scheint. Das geht weiter als nur in das 17. Jahrhundert zurück. Allerdings ist der Weihnachtsmann in manchen Ländern, z.B. Österreich, ...


1

Lacking the distinction between lower and upper case spelling in a spoken conversation, I guess most people would instead indicate the difference using emphasis: Ich hätte gern ein Paar Socken. Ich hätte gern ein paar Socken. If you emphasize the number, by melody and also by introducing a short pause after it, you stress the fact that you are speaking ...


1

Strictly speaking "Fraktur" only refers to one of several Blackletter typefaces (called "gebrochene Schriften", broken fonts, in German). They are still used for street signs in some places or the occasional logo, masthead or headline, but apart from that have no place in contemporary German typography. Most younger people find it difficult to read (it's ...



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