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In cooking books one uses the shortest form possible. So the normal sentence "Man muß Nudeln kochen, dann Schinken schneiden, dann ..." gets the shorter form with infinitives: Nudeln kochen, Schinken schneiden etc.


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You can see it that way: Nudeln kochen, ... is a description of the procedure to be followed, which gives all the information needed, if you would like to cook according to this recipe. It is not essential to write it as a command, the description will do.


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In recipes, instructions and so on, the infinitive can be used instead of the imperative form. That's why the verb is at the end of the sentence, as usual for infinitives. As you say, the command form would be Kochen Sie die Nudeln! Schneiden Sie den Schinken in Streifen! ... (note the pronoun), but this is often perceived as too strong for ...


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You are talking about two things: Word order If you say »Koche Nudeln!«, then this theoretically is the sort form of »Du koche Nudeln!« or »Koche du Nudeln!« (but both sentences are unusual). This is because in »Koche Nudeln!« there is no subject. The subject is »du«. (It's the same in English: The subject in »Cook noodles!« is the omitted word »you«.) ...


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Der Infinitiv kann in vielen Sprachen den Imperativ ersetzen, z.B. im Spanischen. (No fumar = nicht rauchen.) Es erscheint mir ziemlich offensichtlich, wie es dazu kommt: Hier muss man die Einfahrt freihalten. Oder in Sprachen, die kein passendes Äquivalent zum unpersönlichen man haben, vielleicht auch: Wer in dieser Straße parken will, muss die ...


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Do you mean "to pay" when saying "zahlen"? Then I'd write the following: Ich habe schon 2 mal versucht zu bezahlen.



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