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16

Das heutige Deutsch hat im Großen und Ganzen eine Stammform weniger als das Urgermanische und Althochdeutsche und auch z. B. als das moderne Isländische, das in dieser Hinsicht das ursprüngliche germanische Muster bewahrt (ich verwende es hier anstelle des Standardaltnordischen, das es genauso gut getan hätte). Im Isländischen sehen wir beispielsweise immer ...


13

One feature of Indo-European was that verbs were working in 2 directions. For instance the word to become/bekommen... In German, bekommen means that you get something. So something is moving toward you. In English, you are moving toward something (on an abstract level). So each language has picked one interpretation. Another example is the word to make . ...


8

fehlen and empfehlen do not derive from the same base (fehlen). The verb fehlen derives from the old form vælen or vēlen, which means to miss (a target). Empfehlen on the other hand derives from the verb fel(a)han, which means to sow or to entrust. finden and empfinden do derive from finden, that's why they share the same conjugation.


8

Germans would not be annoyed but amused. It sounds funny and reminds of toddler's typical mistakes. And there won't be a comprehension problem. But if those mistakes still happen after you've lived in Germany for a year, people would start to wonder why you're not able to get it finally...


8

I respectfully disagree. There is logic; the verb beauftragen is constructed from the noun Auftrag with the prefix be-, and the noun element Auftrag is not affected by the variation of the verb. Similarly: beeinflussen from Einfluss, beinhalten from Inhalt, beanspruchen from Anspruch.


7

If you're looking for a logical answer, you're out of luck :) But in general, it's like this: the younger a verb is, the more likely it will be a regular one - which is true for English, too, btw. You usually can't tell whether a verb is going to be regular or irregular when looking at it for the very first time - you'll just have to memorise the lists, ...


7

Ähnliche Unterschiede finden sich auch in anderen germanischen Sprachen und Svenska Akademiens Ordbok hat eine etwas ausführlichere Erklärung der vermutlichen Etymologie. Eine möglich Erklärung ist, dass die Formen ursprünglich auf verschiedene Wurzeln zurückzuführen sind und nicht einfach unterschiedliche Formen vom gleichen Stamm sind. Eine zweite ...


5

There are more examples, but they are of the same type (etymologically unrelated, as Thorsten Dittmar explained for fehlen/empfehlen): (zurück)weichen (ich wich (zurück)) vs. einweichen (ich weichte ein) (er)ringen (ich (er)rang) vs. beringen (ich beringte) (er)schallen (es (er)scholl) vs. beschallen (ich beschallte) There are also verbs that follow ...


5

I know this isn't an answer to the question, but I'd still like to contribute the following. Another example for the same phenomenon is hängen. The transitive verb takes regular forms: Er hängt seinen Mantel in den Schrank. Er hängte seinen Mantel in den Schrank. Er hat seinen Mantel in den Schrank gehängt. The intransitive form takes ...


3

The verb erschrecken is one of a few examples where there exist both the strong and the weak conjugation and this difference carries meaning. (There are other examples where switching between strong and weak may occur without change of meaning, for example ich fragte may be ich frug in older texts or *ich frägte in some dialects). A similar phenomenon can ...


3

Well, if the suggestion of elena is OK for you, I would recommend to use the Wortschatz-Portal der Uni Leipzig. Wort: kam Anzahl: 150853 Häufigkeitsklasse: 6 (d.h. der ist ca. 2^6 mal häufiger als das gesuchte Wort) Wort: ging Anzahl: 108980 Häufigkeitsklasse: 7 (d.h. der ist ca. 2^7 mal häufiger als das gesuchte Wort)


1

Try this one: List of german verbs


1

There are several examples for this phenomenon, e.g. schlagen vs veranschlagen, or even two declinations for the same verb (but with different meanings), e.g. hängen or schleifen. As already mentioned, there is no "logic" behind this.



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