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14

It is largely true, but there are exceptions with false etymologies or old words that have been modified a lot or words that look like the opposite Latin gender to a non-expert. For example: fenestra (Latin, female) -> Fenster (German, neutral), both mean window. arcubalista (Latin=archer, male) -> Armbrust (German=crossbow, female, false etymology ...


8

Der Duden scheint eine Antwort dafür zu haben. Nomen, die auf -ierung oder -ation enden sind von Verben, die auf -ieren enden, abgeleitet. Diese Verben stammen wohl alle aus dem Lateinischen. -ierung und -ation ändern nichts an der Bedeutung eines Wortes. Beide Endungen können synonym verwendet werden. Allerdings sind manchmal unterschiedliche ...


7

The german "branch" of Wikipedia offers a list of latin phrases, too; but i think not all of them will be commonly understood. The problem is that you often need to know the concept described by a certain phrase or its context before you can understand it. Furthermore, it depends on the subject area: certain phrases commonly used by lawyers (e.g. "culpa in ...


6

Latin and Greek were both very alive in Germany in the 19th century. This might be one reason why this kind of argumentation and also the knowledge of which latin ending belongs to which gender is still very common. (And a word like "Mensa" might even be introduced during just that very time, but that's just a guess.) A nice example of how this works in ...


3

In most cases it is really simple: You are almost NEVER forced to use any other grammar but German grammar when terms from foreign countries are embedded in German sentences. Otherwise you had to learn the grammar from every language of the world to build proper german sentences including foreign terms. A few examples: The word "Kimono" is from Japanese ...


3

Technisch gesehen kann es durchaus richtig sein, dass man die Endung austauschen kann und die Bedeutung des Wortes sich nicht ändert, dennoch gibt es Wörter, die ich niemals mit der einen oder anderen Endung verwenden würde. Des Weiteren würde ich auch - ohne weiteren Kontext - bei manchen Wörter komplett andere Vorstellungen haben, was sich dahinter ...


3

Außer den schon genannten: Passus Lapsus Usus (aber im Deutschen nur im Singular verwendet) Sexus Siehe http://www.canoo.net/


2

Als Beispiele fallen mir spontan noch Kasus und Sinus ein. Canoo hat eine recht ausgiebige Liste, leider lassen sich jedoch nicht nur die Wörter herausfiltern, die hier gefragt sind. Durch einen Klick auf Flexion kann man herausfinden, dass Abusus auch zu den Wörtern der u-Deklination gehört. Leider nimmt danach die Trefferquote bei mir zumindest ...


2

I think it's true for words with the exact same spelling, although I think the overwhelming number of loanwords have changed spelling and pronunciation in their German version. For these cases there are exceptions, for example: das Fenster - fenestra, -ae die Mauer - murus, -i


2

As Ingmar's answer already covers the usage in current times, I want to lose a few words on why the Latin declension was used in earlier times. Even until the early 18th century, Latin was the language of choice for academic purposes. The wikipedia article in German wikipedia has some nice information on that too: Generationen von Kindern lernten seit ...


2

By and large, German declination is used, in particular if there is a loan word, like Kollegium in your example. Only occasionally will you hear somebody use the "correct" Latin declination, and then usually in a professional (legal, e.g.) or academic context. Lawyers might say something like "der Brief Doktoris Mueller" (the letter of Dr. Mueller) or "die ...


1

I think that it's important to distinguish between two types: Words that were adopted into the german language in old times, maybe even during the roman empire. As the other contributors have pointed out, these words have changed and degenerated over the centuries and now have often different articles than their origins. Words that found their way into ...



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