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11

if there's something wrong with my capacity of learn German.. Nope, there is nothing wrong with it. IMO it is always more difficult to understand a language in spoken form compared to reading in it. It just takes a bit of time to get used to the sound and the flow of it. There are some (rather general) things, that you could consider to get used to ...


10

If you want to learn some formulas as Guten Tag, Auf Wiedersehen, Danke, Bitte, Ja, Nein, and so on, I think you can do it in one week. Whether you can call this "to learn German" is another question. There are books available that promise "Learn German/English in thirty hours" - that is throwing sand in your eyes. They mean thirty lessons of German/English ...


9

For nouns: gender and plural strong/weak noun declension (1) For verbs: past stem, complete spoken past phrase, geben, gab, habe gegeben. Furthermore, if a specific preposition is required, then it makes sense to put it there. But not so much for gehen as it could be almost anything. And then, note if there is a self reference. ...


6

Learning other languages as a way to learn German is actually just a good way to learn those other languages. If you want to learn German, then go for it. You should have a sense for your specific learning style and start with your comfort zone. Then push yourself into other areas. If the hearing intimidates you, start with reading and then move to ...


6

Most aspects of the language haven't changed since 1957, but some details have. If these details are crucial to you, you should use a newer text book, if not, feel free to use the one from 1957: Spelling: Reformed Orthography from 1996 changed in 2004 Pronounciation: Some endings have changed their standard pronounciation, e.g. -er Grammar: Former ...


6

The two verbs ansehen and anschauen are near-identical synonyms. They are, in fact, identical as to their denotations. People may disagree, however, as to the equivalence of their connotations. For example, when we hear or read anschauen we simultaneously hear or read a faint echo of the noun Anschauung in the back of our mind. There is ...


5

You could order the magazine "Deutsch Perfekt". I think it's indeed PERFECT for learning German as it offers a great mixture of articles about current issues about politics, culture etc. (The level of the articles varies from easy to demanding and the most important vocabulary of each text is always translated in a box). Furthermore, it offers excersises ...


5

Yes the two verbs are synonyms which mean exactly the same. I can't think of an example in which one of the verbs would mean different things. Perhaps the activity of watching a movie can be expressed better with anschauen instead of ansehen, but it's not a mistake to use ansehen either.


4

Besides TestDaF, three tests I've heard of: Contrary to TestDaF, which is standard even worldwide, DSH (Deutsche Sprachprüfung für den Hochschulzugang) varies from university to university. And the name explains what it is. The certificates of Goethe-Institut: Universities ask for a C1 or C2 level. An option, which I don't know if is valid in Germany, is ...


3

Zum Lesen von Onlinematerial kann man den Chromium-Webbrowser verwenden. Für diesen gibt es eine Erweiterung, dict.cc, so dass man ein Wort markiert, rechts clickt, das Kontextmenü mit dem Eintrag dict.cc öffnet sich, click, und schon ist man beim Wörterbucheintrag mit diesem Wort. Für Firefox gibt es eine Erweiterung, bei der man das Wort einfach markiert, ...


3

I do this too. I read German news sites and de.wiki articles, then I alt-tab to Google Translate (or your preferred translator, like LEO or babelfish or whatever) for the words I don't know. I found a couple tricks helpful. First, you also need to do some vocabulary building directly if you are either very new to German or you are very rusty. Babbel has ...


3

Anschauen and Ansehen have an identical meaning. If you use anschauen or ansehen is mostly dependent on the region where you are. For me anschauen is more directed to the object while ansehen is a bit more general.


2

Wir haben hier schon so etwas, nämlich unseren: German Language and Usage Chat Dort kann jeder, der die Mindestreputation von 20 Punkten erreicht hat, nach Lust und Laune auf Deutsch oder auf Englisch debattieren und diskutieren. Man muss sich nur treffen. Es gibt kein festes Thema und keine "off topic" Diskussionen, außer, dass es im weitesten Sinne um ...


2

I'm currently using an old-fashioned grammar book. I simply read the particular rule and do the exercises. It's a very traditional book with no fancy figures, just text organized in categories. I follow it pedantically. But before I was able to avoid getting bored with this method, I had to understand how the German language works (it's quite different with ...


2

As others said, the best way to come to terms with the idiocrasies of a language is to learn that language. my personal experience suggests that exposure to lots (lots) of vocabulary is preferable to exposure to lots of grammar. however, experience also tells me (and this is supported by results in linguistic research) that success in learning a foreign ...


2

The problem with vocabulary is, that either too few words are included, or the dictionary is too big and too hard to navigate. It's hardly viable to include such dictionary on every page, since the same words would repeat, and sometimes you don't know just that word the authors supposed you know, and therefore hadn't included it. Much more helpful for you ...


2

There is no such resource for your special case. You can verify this by searching the internet, for instance with these search words learn deutsch online verb tenses examples or Deutsch lernen Verb Zeitformen Übungen. Instead you will find lots of good online learning tools, which either explain you the tenses and give only some examples, or give you verb ...


2

I'll recommend the test by the "Institut für Testforschung und Testentwicklung" in Leipzig: http://www.itt-leipzig.de/static/startseiteeng.html You can find alternatives if you search the Internet for "Wortschatztest".


1

There is a series of books that does what you're describing. The books are by Elisabeth May and are called the German Reader series; they are found in Amazon's Kindle section. The chapters start with a list of vocabulary words that will be used in that chapter. The author calls it the "ALARM" method (Approved Learning Automatic Remembering Method). Fair ...


1

You might be interested in an "Interlinear translation", where a translated English text is printed just beneath the German text. I found a self-published one of "Demian" by Hermann Hesse, which is a good read anyway. Another good method is to find a German translation (or even better, a German original) of a book you know well in English, such as The ...


1

Check out this set at Memrise: http://www.memrise.com/course/47458/100-most-common-german-verbs-used-in-all-tenses/ I'm not sure about downloading offline or not, and I personally prefer to do them on the computer, but it's very helpful for constructing those really crazy verb tenses.


1

The main problem most likely is that your brain cannot easily create the framework for new grammars, so when you pick up a new language you first understand it via "software-decoding", i.e. thinking about structure and making sense of it as opposed to "hardware decoding", which would be the intuitive understanding of how the words relate to each other that ...


1

It depends on the context you are preparing for. If you need it for professional business, and there will be a lot of written communication, go with the newest books. Same goes for academic, because of the recent changes to spelling, etc. However, if you are going on vacation and need to know how to order food or arrange transportation, you will manage ...


1

There have been multiple changes in spelling rules between 1990 and about 2005. This included raw spelling (i.e. Schifffahrt instead of Schiffahrt) but also changes in capitalization and setting commas. I would strongly suggest to use a book later than 2005 for learning current german, although for colloquially talking, the differences are not that big.


1

I'll answer this question using the first thing that came to my mind: Write down everything that stuns you. By that I mean: You don't need to write down things that are already clear to you. If you are already sure that Mutter is female, why should you write down the gender explicitly? Keep as little information on the cards as possible.


1

I have been a member of Livemocha for a while. I tried their tutoring service but didn't like it much. It was also quite expensive. My best advice would be to look around on various forums, and see if you can find someone to tutor you over Skype for a reasonable cost. You might also check here: http://www.wyzant.com/german_tutors.aspx


1

I write the following without any formal knowledge of language, but German is my mother tongue. I will try to give you some examples how they could be used. Many terms like "in das" have abbreviations. These abbreviations are rather used than to spell it out. Especially in spoken language, but I would also say in written language. in, im = in dem, ins = ...


1

memrise.com -- Start to read easy german articles, everytime you come to word you don't know, look it up and start creating a deck on memrise (get a dictionary that has spoken versions and upload the audio, trust me, that helps). Practice with that deck and keep reading. Obviously, getting immersed in the language by getting to know germans and traveling to ...



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