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3

I tried to find an explanation for the apparently strange statement of your teacher, I hope you get what I mean: Am Anfang hat Judith schlecht Spanisch gesprochen. Could be translated as: At the beginning (or at first) Judith had spoken in a poor/bad Spanish This statement does not necessary means she had Problems with the language itself, for example ...


0

It means, she spoke it poorly/badly, had no skills.


1

Whilst not being a particulary elegant solution, yes, you can use schlecht in that context. I’d still prefer something like: Am Anfang hatte Judith Probleme mit der spanischen Sprache. as your solution is very basic and its not necessary to dodge having problems.


3

The party which was prepared to celebrate her expected (pre-) election victory: was her Party. So Auf ihrer Feier refers to this party and simply means At her party


1

On her party. Feier = party, celebration, ceremony Lisa lädt all ihre Freundinnen zu ihrer Geburtstagsfeier ein. Lisa invites all her friends to her birthday party. Zur Feier des fünfzigjährigen Bestehens der Firma war auch der Bundespräsident geladen. The Federal President was invited to the celebration of 50 years existence of the company. ...


2

Ein Teutonismus ist ein Begriff, der nur im deutschländischen Standarddeutsch vorkommt, also im deutschschweizerischen und im österreichischen Standarddeutsch nicht. Ein Germanismus ist ein ursprünglich deutscher Begriff, der in andern Sprachen vorkommt. Das Nomen Schippe ist ein Regionalismus aus Norddeutschland, also umgangssprachlich, und deshalb ...


6

It's neither of the two. The particle eben (see in particular meaning 1 there) is used here to put a little emphasis on the sentence and to mark it as a conclusion or summary of what has said before. You could think of it as "and so it is" or "that's why".


6

The construction is idiomatic but it is not a set phrase and it is not limited only to durations (and not even to the past). Examples: Meine Schulzeit ist schon ihre fünfzig Jahre her. Der Mann wird schon seine vierzig Jahre alt sein. Die Feier wird sicherlich ihre hundert Euro kosten. Er läuft jede Woche so seine dreißig Kilometer. ...


1

Weak nouns with +n in GenSg (and possibly Akk and Dat as well) are masculine. Miene is a feminine noun. All of these have no inflection endings except for +n in DatPl (if possible) in contemporary standard German. In older and local varieties of German they may well have suffixes, though, especially +n after schwa -e and especially if used without a ...


5

The Deutsches Wörterbuch says that the plural is used to emphasize the diversity and vividness of the moving face ("im plural, das mannigfaltige und lebendige in dem bewegten gesichte hervorhebend"), and gives various examples: wenn er solch freundlich ansinnen durch rauhe und unbarmherzige minen von sich gestoszen hätte. wenn dir ein mann, den du nicht ...


2

You are right, that the plural is not used very often. Gute Miene zum bösen Spiel machen shows this. On the other Hand, the noun Mienenspiel clearly indicates the same plural. As chirlu points out, these could simply happen one after the other, but in keine Miene verziehen also suggest several. So I would conclude, that today most ...


2

The text does not necessarily mean that the different face expressions have to occur simultaneously. It is possible, and realistic, I think that they can come up within a few seconds or one second. Then, the plural makes sense.


7

I think it would best translate to This was some thirty years ago. This usage of seine describes an approximate date and I feel like nowadays it is only rarely used in written text. I can only speak for the Eastern part of Austria, where I live, where it is used in day-to-day speech.



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