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9

There is none, it's a plural word. If you want to talk about a single holiday, as it were, you'd use Ferientag or Urlaubstag. Very often people will say that they are taking a day off (nehmen sich einen Tag Urlaub) or using some comp time (Zeitausgleich nehmen). The word directly derives from the Latin "feriae", which already was a plural-only word.


2

No, I'm afraid that there is no simple rule that covers all cases. For some words there are even multiple diminuatives in use (sometimes regional variants, sometimes with slightly different meaning). For the example of Magd, where your attempt also fails, Austrian German (i.e. the 39th edition of the "Österreichisches Wörterbuch") lists Mäderl as well as ...


3

What I found till now is: One approximation to get the root word: Remove -lein, -chen, -erl, -ette from the end of the word. Replace ä with a, ü with u, ö with o.If the word is a "zusammengesetztes Hauptwort" only replace the letters of the "Hauptwort" at the end. Add -e, -er, -en or nothing to the end of the word. This does not cover all possibilities. ...


1

enter link description hereYou can use Kärtchen in singular and plural. It´s a diminutive form. In german it´s a Diminutiv (Verniedlichungsform, Verkleinerungsform) This form is build from a noun and a suffix like: -lein, -chen, -ette, -erl. The word Kärtchen comes from Karte Singular: die Karte   ==> das Kärtchen ...


22

One reason you are having difficulties finding an adequate dictionary entry is because Kärtchen is what is known as a diminutive form. One of the diminutive endings -chen or -lein, when added to nouns, makes the modified noun smaller, cuter, or (less often) laughable. (Unfortunatley for many words one of the two diminuitives is much more common than the ...


2

I love the word Fernweh. Wanderlust means the desire to travel. Fernweh elevates that urge to a need. Others say it is the opposite of homesickness. That means one feels sick when at home too long; lethargic and sad. A person who has Fernweh feels best when not at home. There is magic in being completely separated from one’s cultural and personal ...



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