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1

In Standard High German (other than some southern dialects of German) [z] (voiced alveolar fricative) is an allophone of [s] (voiceless alveolar fricative) when it occurs in the onset of a syllable, that is you will never find a [s] in the beginning of a (phonological) word. Since this is a universal phonological „rule“ it is not necessary to encode this in ...


2

This is not restricted to s, it also happens for p, t, k, f resp. b, d, g, w (and I think v needs extra rules in the first place). The Wikipedia article states the rules between this switch between the lenis/fortis-variants in detail, and says this is a "typical phenomenon in German". To make things even more confusing, it works differently in different ...


1

It happens when the letter 's' comes before a vowel except at the end of the word. And of course the double 's' is also pronounced like the English 's'.


0

About the German prefix ur- a lot has been written. But what I read is not satisfying. First of all ur- has different sources. Urlaub - this ur- is connected with er- as in Erlaubnis/erlauben. Urlaub was a military term and it was the permission to leave the military service for some time. Urzeit - in most cases ur- has the meaning of "earliest/first". I ...


0

Just adding to the already excellent answers. Vater, Großvater, Urgroßvater, Ururgroßvater, Urururgroßvater. Ursprünglich kommt der Ururururururururururgroßvater aus Afrika. Die Urururururururururururgroßmutter teilen wir uns alle. Ursprünglich kommen wir alle aus dem selben Ei. Unser Ursprung ist die vor Urzeiten existierende Ursuppe. Die Ursache für den ...


-4

In mathematics, Ursprung is the point (0,0) in an two dimensional Cartesian coordinate system (plane). The point (0,0) is the intersection of the x-axis and the y-axis, the middle-point of the plane. From there the numbers go to plus-infinte and minus-infinte.


8

You are right in separating "ur-" and "Sprung". The prefix "ur-" was originally used in the meaning of "from" or "out of". The word "Sprung" did in Old German also have the meaning of "source", especially water source. Remains of this meaning is e.g. still used in words like "Springbrunnen" (fountain) - literary a well or fountain fed by a water source. ...


10

I think you're almost there. You're correct about "Ur" and "Sprung", but the latter is also related to "entspringen" (originate, rise up, spring up) and the english word "spring" as the season everything "starts". If you leap, you have the connotation of "starting something new", as you consciously initiate a process which can't be stopped easily.



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