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14

You're right. It's an archaic variant of werden in the first and third person singular indicative preterite. As some people seem to confuse wart (form of to be) with ward, you find some information on korrekturen.de: [...] Die Form ward gibt es aber auch; es ist die ursprüngliche, heute seltene Form der 1. und 3. Person Singular Indikativ Präteritum von ...


14

Yes, this is passive, and this phrase is certainly used often in office environments. The reason for the passive voice can be to convey that in fact, nobody will read this message - neither the recipient nor their secretaries, deputies, family members or the like. Writing this in active voice ("Niemand wird Ihre Mitteilung lesen.") would sound downright ...


12

"Anflicken" is a composition of "an" and "flicken". "Flicken" means to patch something. Together with "an" it means, that the object is being enlarged. Example: DEU: Ich flicke etwas Seide an den Schal an. ENG: I patch the scarf with some silk. I am not an native English speaker. So, please excuse my mistakes. I hope I could answer your question...


12

Both "von" and "durch" indicate the "Täter" in passive. That is, the agent of the passive action. The Täter becomes the subject when you transform the passive into an active sentence. The difference between "von" and "durch" is that you use durch when the agent takes an instrumental role. So, in your two example sentences, Hans actively ate the apple, but ...


10

It is Perfekt Passiv of bauen ... Vorgangspassiv to be precise. Das Haus wird gebaut. (Präsens) Das Haus ist gebaut worden. (Perfekt) Das Haus wurde gebaut. (Präteritum) I will not give translations as the notion of the tenses in German and English are not the same. Both past forms are to an extend interchangeable. What threw you of was ...


9

It is also possible to use "Rezipientenpassiv" (bekommen + Partizip Perfekt): Ich bekomme Windows installiert Ich bekomme die Haare geschnitten


8

"Ich lasse mir Windows installieren" "Ich lasse mir die Haare schneiden" This is what I would normally say. Somewhat more formal, and probably rarely used in spoken German : "Mir wird Windows installiert" "Mir werden die Haare geschnitten ". The latter option (i.e. the passive construction) has a slightly different connotation - while ...


7

That is just how the tenses are done in German... What you try is simply not grammatically correct. I think you are getting confused by the combination of past and passive. You can say Sam wird übergangen which is present tense and passive voice. If you want to put it into past tense, "wird" becomes "wurde". Same with Sie waren ihm abgenommen ...


7

Ich stimme Matthias zu, dass der Satz korrekt aber stilistisch ungewöhnlich ist. Für mich klingt diese Konstruktion nach einem poetischen Versuch, einen bestimmten Sprechrhythmus in der indirekten Rede wiederzugeben. Sprachmelodisch ist der Satz dadurch fließender mit dem folgenden verbunden. Es war unangenehm, bestaunt zu werden und befragt. erzeugt ...


6

'Werden' actually has quite a few uses. The subtlety is that unlike English, German actually has two distinct forms of passive, normal passive and what we call 'Zustandspassiv' (state or simply static passive). "Das wird gemacht" translates to "it is being done". The action is not finished yet and is still ongoing. "Das wurde gemacht" translates to "it was ...


5

"Wollen" is same as "to want", but sometimes it can be used as "should", but to me as a native speaker this can sound distancing and arrogant. Example: Wollen Sie bitte dies zur Kenntnis nehmen. If someone would write this in an email to me I would be galled. The sentence "Der Hund will draußen bleiben." sounds to me whether someone didn't want to ...


5

Indeed, Ich werde vergessen can mean anything. You need context to tell its meaning. Here are just a couple of possible sentences in which you can use this construct. Präsens Indikativ Vorgangspassiv (allgemeine Wahrheit): Ich werde dich nie vergessen. Präsens Indikativ Vorgangspassiv (gerade im Moment): Ich glaube, die sind ohne mich losgefahren. ...


5

Well, I would say both are Perfekt Passiv mit Modalverb. So, that's a little bit tricky to explain. Short version: One sentence uses the perfect of "müssen", the other the perfect of "werden". Both sentences use the Modalverb "müssen". Both sentences use the auxiliary verb "werden" to build the passive. Präsens of the first sentence: Es muss gemacht ...


5

You're right. The form Es muss gemacht worden sein is perfekt passive with a modal verb (müssen). In this case the subjective modal verb müssen is used to express an assumption. The active form would be (for your example): Er/Sie muss es gemacht haben.


5

It depends a little, on how exactly you interpret the "will have" in the English sentence. In numerous languages, future tense is often used to express modality/possibility. Here is an example in English and German: "Wo ist meine Brille?" "Die wird auf dem Schreibtisch sein." Where are my glasses? They will (probably) be on the ...


5

The form „etwas will getan sein“ (something needs to be done) is correct. Duden – Deutsches Universalwörterbuch, 5. Aufl. Mannheim 2003: wollen (…) f) <in Verbindung mit einem 2. Part. u. »sein« od. »werden«> drückt aus, dass etw. eine bestimmte Bemühung, Anstrengung o. Ä. verlangt; müssen: etw. will gekonnt sein; dieser Schritt will ...


4

Im gesprochenen Deutsch wird im Grunde kein Imperfekt verwendet, das Perfekt ist da das allgemeine Vergangenheitstempus. Andererseits vermeidet man im Gesprochenen auch gerne das Passiv, es ist eher Schriftdeutsch mit Anklängen von "Behördendeutsch". Was macht ein Sprecher stattdessen? Aktiv, wenn derjenige "Täter", der etwas tut, wichtig ist (die ...


4

These are semantically completely different expressions: gefragt sein is a fixed expression, a trope, if you will, which means to be in demand On the other hand gefragt werden is directly derived from fragen - ask and means being asked


4

We have lots of fun is translated as Es macht uns viel Spaß or Wir haben viel Spaß. This is not a passive construction - neither in your English samples nor in the translation.


4

Definitely humorous. "Wollen" is a modal verb but it always signals intent. There are phrasings that use it differently Die Hausaufgaben wollen gemacht sein. The homework has to be done/is to be done. Even this sounds quite a lot like "want to" to me, but anyway, this seems different to the dog example though as "bleiben" isn't passive at all.


4

The reflexive constructions you cite (sich finden, sich lesen) are used commonly in everyday speech in these contexts. Das Buch liest sich sehr schnell. is even more common than the passive alternative Das Buch kann schnell gelesen werden.. The reflexive construction you make up (sich schicken) just doesn't exist. The passive construction is to be used ...


4

Both Tobias and guidot make important points: “anflicken” does imply that the result is extended in some way, and it does imply some imperfect character of the result. However, neither “patch” nor “apply” seem entirely satisfactory to me. I’d amend guidot’s translation to "Often a patch of purple is affixed to important starts…”. That does not capture the ...


3

My translation of this would be: "Often a patch of purple is applied to important starts and meaningful promises... [to improve total appearance or detract from the uglier parts]". "Flicken" also means mending, so the German translation implies some provisional, non-perfect character of the result.


3

First of all, your German sample text does not end in a relative clause (as your translation does) but is a sequence of to main clauses. To make it a relative clause, it should read Ich habe für euch ein Tutorial gebastelt, das sich gewünscht wurde. But still, it sounds weird (and does so because the "no passive" rule applies). The only way to make it ...


3

That's passive voice in perfect tense: Das Haus ist 1924 gebaut worden. The house has been built in 1924. Passive in past tense would be Das Haus wurde 1924 gebaut. The house was built in 1924. As to why this passive structure uses "worden" instead of "geworden", here's an explanation I found in a forum post: Die Wäsche ist ...


3

Yes, it is passive, and you can very well use the passive if the agent is known: Die Kathedrale wurde von Gaudi gebaut. is perfectly valid German, although I'd usually prefer the active voice in such cases.


3

Yes, it is passive. And yes, it is correct. Just because the agent is known doesn't mean they must be mentioned, does it?


3

As mentioned in guidots answer, "flicken" means "mend". Now "an-" has the same origin as the english "ad-" and a very similar meaning. You could translate "anflicken" with "amend" then because in the process of adding "ad-" at the front of mend, the "d" got dropped. But this does not reflect the meaning of the german word. "amend" has become "add" too much. ...


3

Aus dem Namen lässt sich zweierlei herleiten: Das (grammatikalische) Subjekt des Satzes handelt nicht selbst, sondern es ist/kann Gegenstand einer Handlung sein. Stichwort passiv. Grammatikalisch liegt aber keine gewöhnliche Passivkonstruktion vor Partizip II + Personalform von werden bzw. sein beim Zustandspassiv. (Sonst könnte man ja -ersatzform ...



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