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Eigentlich ist Zustandspassiv ein irreführendender Begriff. "Die Tür ist frisch gestrichen" – hier denke ich gar nicht an Passiv, sondern an eine Aussage wie "Die Tür ist neu" – also Verb sein + Adjektiv. Natürlich kann man auch ein Adjektiv in Form des Partizips Perfekt Passiv nehmen wie lackiert, gereinigt, repariert usw. Ich glaube, mit dem Begriff ...


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The crucial point in your examples is that they are in the perfect tense. This tense implies that an occurrence in the past has consequences in the present, and that makes it important how you word things (even with semi-grammaticalised auxiliary verbs). (1) says that the act of staining was last year, and it implies that the coat is still stained. (2) ...


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You correctly found out about the two different passives are called Vorgangspassiv and Zustandspassiv. Looking at what those words mean might help. "Vorgang" is process and "Zustand" is a state. You want to point out that the coat was stained - to be stained is a process. However, when you try to point out that you coat had a stain last autumn (having a ...



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