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It is not entirely uncommon to inflect wägen like a regular verb (Duden), i.e.: wägen, wägte, gewägt This allows for a differentiation to both verbs wiegen, which can only be inflected as follows: in the sense of to weigh: wiegen, wog, gewogen, wöge in the sense of to sway or to rock: wiegen, wiegte, gewiegt


1

Yes, it would be mostly context. The same thing is true for pairs like du liest and du ließt – although those two are different tenses. It helps that wägen is usually used as abwägen or erwägen, however abwiegen also exists … So we’re almost back to the context argument.


4

Usage of tenses in English and German is different, so while the English present perfect tense and the German Perfekt are formed in a very similar manner, you should not equate them. Generally, the German Perfekt and Präteritum (or whatever you like to call them) express the same thing, using one or the other does not express a difference in meaning. So ...



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