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Sehr interessante Frage! Zer- und eressen Ich wollte schon vermuten, dass das Zusatz-g einfach daher stammt, dass ge-essen schwer zu sprechen ist, dann sind mir viele andere e-Verben eingefallen, zum Beispiel geebbt, abgeebbt … Soviel zu meiner schönen Theorie. Dann habe ich mich an eine Con erinnert, auf der es ein Nudelsuppen-Wettessen gab, und mein ...


5

erlernen is an interesting derivation of lernen - or better a "specification". While lernen can be used to express learning pretty much anything, erlernen is almost exclusively used with regard to learning a skill or job and thus also implies a certain level of complexity of the subject that has been learned. (The term x-handwerk is also used very often in ...


10

In this case the difference is not related to tenses. Erlernen and lernen are two different verbs. More often than not er can be identified with a (non-separable) prefix that implies to do the things until the goal is reached ("Vorsilbe, die eine zielgerichtete Handlung ausdrückt"). Hence, erlernen is to learn something until you master it, while lernen ...


6

The word order in your first example puts an emphasis on what happened to your teeth: Ich habe meine Zähne zu putzen vergessen Ich habe meine Zähne zu Hause vergessen Ich habe meine Zähne grün angemalt und sie anschließend fotografiert If you reorder to "ich habe vergessen", the emphasis shifts to the fact that you forgot something: Ich ...


5

This is an instance of the "end-weight principle" at work. German often has to spread out the verb phrase around its complements, but with an entire nested verb phrase, it's permissible and in fact much preferred to extract it and put it at the end. This is for general cognitive reasons (it is easier to deal with one task at a time than with two ...



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