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One of the most obvious reasons (to me) why Heine left out the article there is verse meter. The poem follows a 4-3-4-3 pattern of emphasised syllables per line. Thus, auf grüner Linde sitzt und singt should have four emphasised syllables — voilà: Auf grüner Linde sitzt und singt Concerning the possibility of leaving out the article: German, like ...


2

You could simply argue that poetry is an art and thus is not bound to strict grammar rules - But that is actually too simple. The fact is that articles are not 100% mandatory in German as they are in English. An indefinite article can be replaced by an affix to an adjective describing the substantive and taking the function of the article. Note the ...



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