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11

It should be zu Besuch, which is more of a fixed expression. Otherwise, yes it can be used with many nouns to express a purpose. Zum (zu dem) and zur (zu der) are contractions that are used in conjunction with words of their respective genus (zum: masculine, neutral; zur: feminine). Nominalized verbs (Putzen, Arbeiten) always have a neutral genus and are, ...


11

Nein. Die Präposition an steht je nach Verwendung entweder mit Dativ oder mit Akkusativ. Als Grundregel gilt bei solchen "Wechselpräpositionen": Antwortet die Phrase auf die Frage "wo?" (Ortsangabe - statisch), so verwendet man Dativ; Geht es um die Angabe einer Richtung ("wohin?"`- dynamisch), verwendet man Akkusativ. Im Beispiel geht es darum, dass man ...


4

Your first sentence is correct! In German it is always den Überblick behalten über etw. Second one is just grammatically wrong … You could also say Behalte deine Lebensmittel im Auge.


2

German hat not only three grammatical genders, but also four grammatical cases. The noun »Straße« is always female, but - as any noun - it can appear in any of those four cases. And the article, often together with a changed ending of the noun, depends on this grammatical case. Nominative case (Wer? oder Was? - Who? or What?): Die Straße ist lang. - The ...


2

No, it is always feminine. Just the surrounding construction requires use of dative case. References to static locations frequently do this, while directions are mostly accusative case.


1

In fact there are cases where you could use both, and it wouldn't be wrong in a grammar way, but the meaning would become slightly different, depending if you want to make the fact of cooperation more important or the subject/object. Examples: Ich wirke bei Frau Muster am Experiment mit. Ich wirke an dem Experiment zu Wortstellung mit. aber: ...



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