# Tag Info

16

Definitely "mit". "Aus" is appropriate if the thing is made from that material. A table is "aus Holz" and a window is "aus Glas". Beer is made "aus Hopfen, Malz, Hefe und Wasser". But all these things have been transformed to become what they're now. A sandwich made "aus Fisch" would mean that the bun is made from fish, the cheese is, too and there's fish ...

13

sich freuen auf is used when you are looking forward to something, i.e. in an anticipatory context: Ich freue mich auf die Sommerferien! / Ich freue mich auf deinen Besuch. (future event) sich freuen über is used when you are excited about something, e.g. a gift or present or a general event. Ich freue mich über die Beförderung! / Ich freue mich ...

10

"auf" would be the choice here. You can find numerous examples by doing a web search for "auf www". "an" does not fit. "bei" would have a meaning of "near" or "close to" in this context which would sound weird for a web address. Edit: As suggested in the comments, "unter" is also good in this case. There is a subtle difference though: "auf" refers to the ...

9

In your example, the grammatical case of the noun „Kino“ depends on the preposition „in“. The difficulty here is that „in“ may require dative or accusative, depending on the sense of the sentence: If „in“ indicates a direction/movement, you'll have to use accusative: „Wir gehen in das Kino“ (or, commonly, „ins Kino“ - merging „in“ and „das“). „Wir ...

8

Auf den Bergen (1) literally means on top of/on some mountains, whereas In den Bergen   (2) is denoting a mountaneous region. Examples: (1) Auf dem Berg gibt es kein Gipfelkreuz. (1) Auf den Berg klettern. (1) Auf diesen Bergen gibt es kaum Bäume. (2) Wir verbringen unseren Urlaub in den Bergen. (2) Ich bin in den Bergen ...

8

This is perfectly fine. The Duden explains zu Deutsch with auf Deutsch [heißt das]. It is also mentioned in the 21st edition of the book as „das heißt auf/zu Deutsch“ (p. 210). Maybe it is considered a little old-fashioned these days, but I hear and read it quite often. I haven’t heard it as zu Englisch or in connection with other languages.

8

Duolingo is correct here. The preposition "in" can demand the accusative as well, and that isn't even a special case. It goes with the dative if it answers a "Wo?" or "Wann?" question, but the accusative for a "Wohin?" question. In the example you could think of "Wohin bist Du gekommen? - In das Zimmer.", so it's the accusative here. Other examples: Er ...

7

Die beiden Formulierungen haben unterschiedliche Bedeutungen: die Schlacht um [Objekt] Hier ist [Objekt] das Objekt, um das gekämpft wird. Wer die Schlacht gewinnt, wird Eigentümer dieses Objekts. Das kann ein Gebäude, ein Landstrich oder sogar ein ganzer Staat sein. Auch eine Schlacht um ein bestimmtes Recht (z.B. Erbfolge) ist denkbar. die Schlacht ...

7

One might add that sometimes, especially in colloquial use this phrase is used to indicate that a simplifying explanation is to come. E.g. in a presentation: "Multivariate Regressionsanalyse der Umsatzstruktur hat ergeben, dass das Geschlecht den Haupteinflussfaktor für den Erwerb von Cola Light ggu. Cola bildet. Zu Deutsch: Cola Light wird fast ...

7

You might say: Ich halte dich für meinen älteren Bruder. A German will probably understand what you mean, but there are other words for expressing this, such as: Ich betrachte dich als meinen älteren Bruder. Du bist für mich wie ein älterer Bruder. The phrase etw. für etw. halten might be better used in sentences like the following: Er ...

7

I agree with the existent answer, but partially. Actually that is region dependent. To be fair with Austria and Switzerland Ich habe dieses Buch {für · um} 20 Euro gekauft. depending where you are. Same case for verkaufen.

7

You're looking for "für" (I bought the dress in exchange for 20€). Ich kaufte das Kleid für zwanzig Euro [an]. Ich verkaufte das Kleid für dreizehn Euro.

7

Both algebraical constructs can be expressed using modulo. Factorized constructs like $F/\sigma_n$ are read F durch die symmetrische Gruppe or F (faktorisiert) nach der symmetrischen Gruppe or F modulo symmetrische Gruppe or F modulo der symmetrischen Gruppe (I haven't heard anybody say F modulo die symmetrische Gruppe but I wouldn't even bother if I ...

7

"auf etwas stoßen" is used if you find/discover/explore something (e.g. minerals, resources) Ich bin auf Bodenschätze gestoßen. "gegen etwas stoßen" is used if you collide with something (e.g. doors/tables/stones/windows) Er ist gegen die Tür gestoßen. "an etwas stoßen" is used if you collide with something either physically (table) or ideologically ...

7

Yes, definitely "mit". "Aus ..." would be "made of". A toy made of wood = Ein Spielzeug aus Holz A sandwich with ham = Ein Sandwich mit Schinken

6

I think what confuses you here is seeing the dative case as simply meaning indirect object. In Proto-Indo-European (PIE, the theoretical language which all European languages evolved from) there were eight cases, including the four which remain in modern German; one of the others was the locative case, used for marking the location where something takes ...

6

MIT would be best expressing contains. AUS means the major part is eg. fish, a baguette aus fish would not be bread but fish

6

Auch wenn es heißt Ich interessiere mich für... so ist Ich bin interessiert an... doch eine andere Formulierung und der Infinitiv "interessiert sein" braucht "an" einfach... weil. Das hat sich so entwickelt und nun ist "an" idiomatisch und "für" nicht (n-Gram), während es für "sich interessieren" anders ist.

6

You are looking for relative clauses that begin with a preposition. As a first step you must know which case the preposition in question requires. Then you take the relative pronoun of the correct gender, number and case. Take for example the sentence Ich habe den Teller verloren, von ??? ich essen wollte! As you can see in any dictionary of your ...

5

Ich kämpfe für X - i am X's agent. Ich kämpfe um X - X is at stake and it is not clear yet who will get X in the end. Ein sinnvolles Beispiel, in dem beides vorkommt: Ich kämpfe für Borussia Dortmund um den Pokal.

5

Very simply: No. You can sometimes do it, but here that would lead to confusion as to what was given and what was receiving. In cases where the roles are clear, either by context or their cases, you can in non-formal speak do this. als Preis wurde Mark Wurst übergeben. OR als Preis wurde Wurst an Mark übergeben. as you can see here: The an ...

5

Aus In a local sense, "aus" is the opposite of English "in/into". So it carries the idea of "out of". It is no problem to understand why it is used in context of buildings and stuff you can enter. Ich gehe aus dem Haus. However, it is not quite so obvious why it would be used for countries and cities. I think in German those are just considered ...

5

Saying "Aus der Fähre fahren" isn't quite common in german (but still valid). You would normally say "Von der Fähre fahren". The difference is "Aus der Fähre fahren" means "Driving out of the ferry" while "Von der Fähre fahren" says "Driving off the ferry" which is quite more common.

5

Ich gehe morgen ins Rathaus. This means you will enter the Rathaus, e.g. for meeting someone. Ich gehe morgen aufs Rathaus. This means you will climb up the roof.. (I am not sure about this, but it might be used for "zum Rathaus" in some parts of german-speaking regions - e.g. I think I have heard this in Bavaria..) Ich gehe morgen zum ...

5

The preposition in requires either the dative (when asking where) or the accusative (when asking where / whither). (German) in can mean both (English) in as well as into: Ich gehe im (= in dem) Wald = I walk in the forest. (I am already there.) Ich gehe in den Wald = I walk into the forest. (I am currently outside of it.) As an additional aside, ...

4

Well, some time ago it was not that rare. Just leaving this here: And supporting the last statement of the existing answer:

4

"Um" is correct here. "Tragödie um" means a tragedy about something, which is what you want to say here. The following sentence is grammatically also correct: Nach der Trägodie von ihren Eltern kehrt das Glück zurück. However, this would probably be misunderstood as the parents being the source of the tragedy and not the victims. Besides: Be ...

4

Ich trinke nicht gern Cola, weil sie so ungesund ist. Sie, die Cola. Ich trinke nicht gern Cola, weil es so ungesund ist. Es, das Trinken. So oder so: So.

4

In the following, I always assume, you want to negate a whole main clause (or its Vollverb, respectively). You can find the position of the nicht by formulating the same sentence with a single verb, then replacing the verb with the modal verb and putting Vollverb at the very end. Or with other words: Nicht has the same position as it would have, if there ...

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