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17

"Ist" is 3rd person present tense of the verb "sein", English translation "to be". "Es" is the 3rd person singular personal pronoun, English translation "it". There is no situation where you could use "ist" instead of "es". Therefore, "Mir geht ist gut" is not correct, maybe you misheard. "Meine auto ist Blau." Several issues with that sentence: "Meine" ...


17

Strictly gramatically, it has to be singular. One company. The article tells you this much. Das ist übrigens ein Bild von einer Bildagentur, vielleicht verwendet sie ein ungewöhnliches Newlinezeichen? However, in colloquial German you will usually hear Das ist übrigens ein Bild von einer Bildagentur, vielleicht verwenden sie ein ungewöhnliches ...


13

Wäre die Satzstellung anders und es stünde an erster Stelle, wäre es ein sogenanntes Expletivum, welches die Rolle eines Subjekts übernimmt, das vom Satzbau benötigt wird, aber nicht vorhanden ist: »Es wird im Vertrag stehen, dass …« In diesem Fall darf es nicht weggelassen werden, da sonst das Verb wird an erster Stelle stünde und deswegen die ...


12

"Es wird morgen ein neues Buch präsentiert." is correct. It sounds a little better when you change the word order and omit the es: "Morgen wird ein neues Buch präsentiert." Your second example: "Darüber hinaus wäre es für mich interessant, ... "Darüber hinaus wäre für mich interessant, ... zu ..." Both sentences are correct in my ...


11

Pronouns are not capitalized in German. The only exception from this rule is the formal "Sie" as you suspected. According to the "Old German Orthography" you also had to capitalize "du" when referring to the second person singular in letters. The new rule is that you can capitalize it or not – but only in letters or other correspondence like emails. Also, ...


11

Ich clearly is the grammatical subject. There are numerous cues for that: It is in nominative case; subjects usually use this case. It comes right after the verb (though this is not the strongest hint as not 100% fail proof). The verb machen is in accordance with a subject first person singular: mache. Technically it could also be conjunctive 1 ("Der Arzt ...


11

Wann is not possible. Wo is colloquially used although a stylistic mistake and shouldn't be used in written language. In der and während der would be the best solutions with während der being a little bit higher in register (this could be positive or negative, depending on the situation). Alternatives would be Könnte ich Sie am Dienstag zwischen 10 ...


11

In that sentence it is not possible to differentiate the meaning of Sie. You need either a context or the possibility to see if Sie is capitalized because of the punctuation, or because of its meaning as "formal you". For instance: — Haben Sie meine Brieftasche gesehen? Ich habe die verloren. — Möglichkeit A: Ja, sie haben Ihre Brieftasche. ...


9

In my opinion, the best form would be so daß (so dass in new orthography): Hätten Sie am Dienstag zwischen zehn und elf etwas Zeit, so daß ich Sie anrufen könnte? If you want to know when it would be the most appropriate time to call in a larger span, I’d ask one of these: Wann könnte ich Sie am Dienstag am besten anrufen? Zu welcher Zeit ...


8

It depends on the construction of your sentence. With two separate sentences, having the structure of your example, you need a simple personal pronoun (Personalpronomen), which is "sie": Vielen Dank für die Datei. Wir haben sie (uns) angeschaut. "die" would be either a demonstrative pronoun, or a relative pronoun. But to use either a demonstrative or a ...


8

The demonstrative pronouns dieser/diese/diese and jener/jene/jenes are used as demonstrative articles, as stand alone words or as a substitute for a noun. dies- refers to something that is spatially or temporally closer. jene- points to something that is spatially or temporally distant. Examples: Dieser Baum, vor dem ich stehe, ist sehr hoch. ...


8

No, it's completely ok to use "sie" or "er" when referring to objects. You will find it in many other cases, too: Soll ich Ihnen den Weg zeigen? Nein, danke, ich kenne ihn schon. To me, it sounds slightly better not to repeat the noun. An issue on its own is the duplication of "sie" in the first version, but this isn't a grammatical problem ...


8

deren or dessen are used to prevent misunderstanding concerning possessions in sentences with more than two persons or two groups of persons. In your example it actually doesn't matter, but try to figure out who are the parents of the son in this sentence: Sie haben ihre Freunde und ihren Sohn eingeladen. The son could belong to family 1 or family 2. But ...


7

I just realized the answer. Die (meisten) Pronomen dienen als Platzhalter oder Stellvertreter für ein Nomen. Canoo.net I use a Begleiterpossesivpronomen with the noun, and a Stellvertreterpossesivpronomen without a noun! Dies ist mein Auto - Dieses Auto ist meines So simple!


7

diesen und jenen are Demonstrativpronomen, and as such they are not capitalized. It does not matter whether they are the subject of your sentence. Your intuition seems to confuse the subject (Subjekt) with a noun (Substantiv) when it comes to capitalization.


7

Your version (a) is completely correct: Auf dem Tisch liegt ein Kugelschreiber, mit dem ich normalerweise schreibe. Instead of mit dem (preposition + relative pronoun), the pronominal adverb womit can be used: Auf dem Tisch liegt ein Kugelschreiber, womit ich normalerweise schreibe. It doesn't sound quite right, though (but not actually wrong ...


7

Guckst du hier! Sowohl eines als auch eins sind möglich. Der Autor hat sich möglicherweise für eines entschieden, weil es ein höheres Sprachregister ausdrücken soll.


6

No, it doesn't sound odd due to the pronoun at all. It is mildly odd due to the seeming duplication of a word (like in the sentence: Fliegen Fliegen auch nachts? - non-literal translation: Does a fly fly at night?). Practical advice in this case (condensed from @musiKk's and @bernd_k's comments and answers): "Bitte schauen Sie sich die Datei an." This ...


6

Derer kann be used instead of derjenigen (genitive of diejenigen) in sentences like Die Zahl derer, die stackexchange benutzen, könnte größer sein. Die Zahl derjenigen, die stackexchange benutzen, könnte größer sein. Die Zahl derer mit einem stackexchange-Account könnte größer sein. Die Zahl derjenigen mit einem stackexchange-Account ...


6

Was für ein... is a phrasal expression which can be used in a question to ask "what kind of". For instance: "Ich möchte Tee bestellen" "Was für einen Tee möchten Sie?" This translates into: "I would like some tea, please" "What kind of tea would you like? You can also add a verb inside it (so that it is split up), like in: "Was ...


6

In that case beide is an article (Artikelwort). Therefore it follows the declension rules of adjectives. Which rules? Well, to determine them you need to know which kind of article you have before your adjective (if any). Your case presents a definite article before your adjective and your noun, so it's weakely declined. Then you go to the table, for ...


6

Die Frage ist schon falsch gestellt. Du zitierst die völlig richtige Aussage aus Wiktionary, in der festgestellt wird, dass »man« keine weiteren Formen hat und fragst trotzdem nach dem Genitiv von »man«. Die einzig richtige Antwort lautet daher: Es gibt keinen Genitiv von »man«! Ich stelle aber die Richtigkeit der anderen Aussage aus deinem ...


5

For derer, Wiktionary gives only one example, from an AFP news story. Duden lists many more examples but they all (apparently) are made-up, with no surrounding context that could help to understand usage better. On the plus side, the Duden editors attempt to illuminate when derer is correct and when deren should be used instead. And Digitales Wörterbuch der ...


5

Über den Inhalt deiner Beispiele kann man streiten, aber grammatikalisch hast du dir ein Eigentor geschossen. Beide Sätze sagen etwas unterschiedliches aus. Dies verwendet man für alles, was einem räumlich oder zeitlich näher steht. Dies ist meine Freundin und jene ist seine Freundin. Du musst das an diesem Tag noch erledigen, was du an jenem Tag ...


5

First: To the first question. Using "der" in this context would be inappropriate, as it suggests singular: on the other Hand would "dieser" suggest the choice of one element from a variety of others, which would be inappropriate with a single dog. "Dieser" is often combined with a complement like "jener" to show a duality in between the chosen elements. ...


5

With regards to the third question, the emphasis isn't generally required, but common depending on the context. The verbal emphasis is more likely to be used when it hasn't been previously established exactly what the pronoun refers to, or as a means to strongly disambiguate (often combined with non-verbal clues). Which is another way of saying that you'd ...


5

Generally, one would use "einem". Wenn der Arzt einem das Neugeborene zum ersten Mal zeigt, fühlt man sich unendlich glücklich. I suppose people who are unhappy with the idea of "generisches Maskulinum" might say "einer", thus marking the word for gender. In the same vein, some people say "frau" instead of "man": Frau tut, was frau kann. ...


4

Perhaps because I'm a native francophone, I don't find the use of masculine and feminine pronouns in the least strange . The genders often differ between French and German (la table vs. der Tisch) but I never think of the French word when learning by heart the gender of a German noun: it would be a very silly thing to do and anyway there is no neutral in ...


4

The difference is that deren here is a demonstrative (it can also be a relative pronoun), so this can be roughly compared to the difference between them and of those in English: Er ist ihr Sohn. – He is their son. Er ist deren Sohn. – He is the son of those. Therefore the usage of deren is unusual. Right now, I can think of only three reasons to use ...


4

Oh it is quite common to use Schatz for your girlfriend or wife / children. You would always refer to her as mein Schatz as the word is masculine. When this masculine word refers to a female it is still masculine, and thus requires masculine declension of adverbs and adjectives. for the last. Schatz is more common with Girlfriend / Wife and i would deem ...



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