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17

Somewhere in the transition from Middle High German to New High German, the clusters [sk], [st] and [sp] became [ʃ], [ʃt] and [ʃp], respectively, when they were in the onset of a syllable. So, in German words "st" and "sp" are pronounced [ʃt] and [ʃp] only when they occur at the beginning of a syllable. In "Einstein", this is the case; in "Kunst" it is not. ...


5

Laut Duden Online ist die Herkunft lat. tragicomedia. Insofern ist es also wirklich "Tragikomödie" und Tragik'Komödie wäre mithin als Aussprache falsch. Klingt auch sehr holprig.


5

As a general rule, "st" is usually pronounced [ʃt] at the beginning of a syllable and [st] in the middle or the end. This is analogously true for "sp" The "sp" in "Erkenntnisproblem" is not a real "sp", as this is a compound noun ("Erkenntnis-Problem"). Remark: this is not true in the southwest of Germany, where "st"/"sp" are always pronounced [ʃt]/[ʃp], ...


4

German vowels that are denoted by the same character and differ in length often differ in other qualities, too: Long vowels are more open, and short vowels are more closed. The Wikipedia entry has a table, all sounds have links to pages with sound recording. Open and closed variants are not exactly the same sounds (e.g. [ʏ] for short ü, [y] for long ü, ...


3

"Erkenntnisproblem" is constructed of two words, "Erkenntnis" and "Problem". The two words keep their pronunciation when combined. The word "Kunst" has the "st" at the end, there it stays "s-t". However in several dialects, including Swiss German, it will be spoken as "sch-t".


2

Einhundert und eintausend können immer als hundert bzw. tausend ausgesprochen werden, in der gesprochenen Sprache werden auch meist die Kurzformen verwendet, außer, man möchte die Zahl besonders betonen. Ab 1.000.000 funktioniert das nicht mehr, hier gibt es nur eine Million, eine Milliarde etc.


1

One word of consolation up front: Even natives sometimes have to ask … Your observation is correct. The differences in pronunciation are rather subtle, especially if the speaker doesn't enunciate clearly. But you have more than just articles to help you: Consider adjectives, whose form must match the noun, too. Sometimes it's just hearing it twice that ...


1

If what you mean by scientific German is the German Bildungssprache, a recorded lecture in any subject will be an ideal resource. There is a website which offers MOOCs in German and I am sure you can find more resources of this kind. If you don't care about the content and just want a lot of very beautiful, sophisticated and precise German, I recommend ...


1

Die deutsche Sprache wird nicht einheitlich ausgesprochen. Im Duden Band 6 – Aussprachewörterbuch wird die sogenannte Standardlautung (Standardaussprache) verwendet. Laut Aussprachewörterbuch sind die wesentlichen Merkmale der Standardlautung: Sie ist eine Gebrauchsnorm, die der Sprechwirklichkeit nahekommt. Sie erhebt jedoch keinen Anspruch darauf, ...


1

Falls im Duden tatsächlich [ˈbɔstɔn] stünde, würde ich deine Frage mit "ja" beantworten, aber das ist meinen Recherchen nach gar nicht der Fall. In meiner Ausgabe des Duden steht: 1 Bos|ton [...tn̩] (Stadt in England und in den USA) 2 Bos|ton, das: -s (ein Kartenspiel) 3 Bos|ton, der: -s, -s (ein Tanz) Quelle: DUDEN Die deutsche Rechtschreibung ...



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