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20

For those notes that are a letter of the alphabet, e.g. C, A, E, H, B (yes, that one, too) they are pronounced as the letter itself would be. Note, that English B is called H in German and English B flat is German B. A sharp is rendered as the syllable -is added to the letter name. So C♯, D♯, E♯ would be cis, dis, eis. Note that eis is pronounced e-is, not ...


14

If the original form of the name was Ruhle without an umlaut, its German pronunciation would be very similar to the word ruler in non-rhotic accents of English (which include Australian English), i.e. with two syllables, unlike rule. In the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), the pronunciation would be represented as [ˈruːlə]. If, on the other hand, it ...


13

Wir sind eine zutiefst literale Gesellschaft. Praktisch alles, was wir über Sprache zu wissen glauben, basiert auf ihrer Verschriftung. Darum ist der naive Ansatz, den die meisten Deutschsprechenden verfolgen werden, wenn man sie bittet, ein Wort rückwärts zu sprechen, der buchstabenzentrierte. Da die meisten in der 1. Klasse einige Buchstabenkombinationen ...


13

Yes, there are: Weg [veːk], weg [vɛk]. It is, however, not the capitalization itself that affects pronunciation; it just so happens that one of the words is a noun and therefore capitalized.


11

"Horicontal" is not a German word. Nor does it match any German spelling pattern, not even an imported one. The standard pronunciation for the combination "co" is "ko" as in for example "Co-Sponsor". So "horicontal" would be pronounced "horikontal". Might well be that back a hundred years ago (or more) some scholars would write it with a "c" because they ...


11

The German sequence of the basic notes (white keys on piano) is: C, D, E, F, G, A, H. The system is simple. There is no »flat« or »sharp«, just the suffixes »-es« and »-is«. And you have to keep in mind, that the German name of the English B is H. There are five exceptions, they are written in boldface. I will not talk about enharmonic, I guess you know ...


11

The article in the English Wikipedia gives two similar pronunciations /ˈɔɪlər/ (Swiss) and /ˈɔʏlɐ/ (German). I agree with them. The article even has a footnote that explains with references that English-style /ˈjuːlər/ is considered wrong, but it certainly isn’t uncommon. Unlike the variant Lennart or English Leonard, his given name Leonhard is pronounced ...


11

There is no difference in pronunciation (not in Hochdeutsch at least), and you don't need to differentiate them, since grammar orders them. That is: das dass (✗) is forbidden by grammar rules. In particular, dass requires a punctuation sign, in fact: das, dass das. Dass das; dass are possible.


9

The @ sign is typically pronounced as an English at. For the dot, you either say Punkt or nothing at all, if it is clear where the segments start. Regarding other special characters, the underscore is called Unterstrich and the hyphen Bindestrich or just Strich. (Sometimes Minuszeichen or Minus is used, i.e. minus sign, though I fail to see a good reason for ...


7

I think that passage from your textbook is neither very clear nor very complete. In German the letter r is usually pronounced with a guttural sound when it is at the beginning of a word: Raum immediately after a consonant: frisch at the beginning of a syllable: abräumen In all other cases, the r is pronounced more like ah or a schwa: warten, Finger, nur, ...


7

I tried to find dictionaries with pronunciation hints on Google Books, so that we can have references here to discuss about. Here are my findings. They all claim angeblich to be pronounced on the first syllable (which might surprise some commentors of your question): PONS Großwörterbuch Englisch: Englisch-Deutsch / Deutsch-Englisch, page 1327 Deutsches ...


7

No, säen and sehen are distinct in many dialects. The vowel in both verbs is long. Long e is rendered as [e:] while long ä is rendered as [ɛ:] in many dialects thus providing a clear distinction. You would have been correct if the verbs had short vowels. Short, stressed e is pronunced [ɛ], exactly like short, stressed ä. Furthermore, sehen is an irregular ...


7

The prerequisite for this answer is knowing how to pronounce er and sehen (which you might hear in the very first lesson of a German course). The IPA signs for the words you asked for are: for eh, [eː] long e as the [eː] in sehen for ehe (or Ehe, which is not the same), [ˈeːə]. I.e. the same long e as above and then the second e of sehen. for ...


6

No, they are pronounced differently. The reason, though, is not the "h", but the fact that "ä" and "e" are pronounced differently, although casually spoken language, especially regional accents or even dialects, may make them sound similar or even identical. The "official" pronounciations, though, are distinct. [EDIT] after the clarifications ...


6

The names Rühle/Ruehle do seem to be a bit more common in Germany than Ruhle. On the other hand, if your ancestors spelled their surname Ruehle there was no reason to change it, and if they spelled it Rühle they would most likely have transcribed this as Ruehle right upon entering the country. (PS: But as hobbs pointed out in a comment, it’s quite possible ...


5

The classical book concerning this topic is Der kleine Hey, which is also used by professional singers. As I just learned, there is also an edition with an enclosed DVD (ISBN 9783795707026), which gives an impression, how the mouth should look like etc.


5

Yes, they would. iShelf is pronounced [aɪʃɛlf] and iSelf is pronounced [aɪsɛlf]. The differing sounds [ʃ] and [s] are both part of the German phoneme repertoire and distinguishing them is essential to understand the German language. For example, the German words Busch ([bʊʃ]) and Bus ([bʊs]) or Sex ([sɛks]) and Schecks ([ʃɛks]) only differ by that sound. ...


5

Except from the example "Weg" there is no common such pair. However, capitalising things works as an emphasizer, and that does affect pronunciation somewhat; it might be slower, more majestic, etc. Douglas Adams, Dirk Gently's Holistic Detective Agency: The door was the way to... to... The Door was The Way. Good. Capital letters were always the best ...


4

Your examples are directly derived from ancient greek, where the corresponding letter Ξ was pronounced the same way and still is in modern Greek, if I may trust wikipedia. X is always pronounced /ks/ in German, no matter, where in the word, the x- special case directly linked to alphabet enumeration. You did not mention, why you mistrust the dictionaries, ...


4

In English, t and r are both produced with the tip of the tongue, but at slightly different positions. When the tongue glides back from the t position to the r position, you get something like a sh /ʃ/ in between. In German, r is either pronounced in the back of the mouth (with the uvula) or with the tip of the tongue, but in the latter case, the tongue is ...


4

Go to http://www.aussprache.at and enter at »Orthographische Suche« the word whose pronunciation you want to know. When you enter »angeblich« you will find that the six speakers (female and male voice from Austria, Germany and Switzerland) always stress the fist syllable and sometimes also the second (male voice from Austria). In the case of »ausführlich« ...


4

First of all: In German each vowel has a short and a long version, and it can be spoken closed and open, which produces different spoken sounds for the same written letter. (»Mond« and »Tonne« are written with the same letter o, but the pronunciation is not exactly the same; There are at least four different pronunciation for the letter e) Compared with ...


4

I have thought about how I can answer you without speaking, so I have searched for a few videos in which you can find your answer. Ehe (1:35 Min): https://youtu.be/1p2cTwcqt_M Eh: Like "Ehe", without the last syllable. Eher (1:30) https://youtu.be/JcmDlftUzck


4

Diese Frage hat mich auch schon beschäftigt. Bevor ich aber zu meiner »damals« gefundenen Antwort übergehe, werfen wir einen kurzen Blick auf Wiktionary: Dort werden direkt hintereinander die beiden Aussprachen U-kra-i-ne und U-krai-ne genannt, und die entsprechenden Wortreime als -ine und -eine gegeben. Beim Duden gehen sie sogar einen Schritt weiter, und ...


4

Phonetisch¹ ist der Unterschied zwischen [ˈhɛkl̩] und [ˈhɛkəl] minimal und es gibt einen fließenden Übergang, da [k] als Plosiv natürlicherweise ein Ausatmen, also zumindest ein leichtes Schwa nach sich zieht. Der Unterschied zwischen [ˈhɛkl̩] und [ˈhɛkəl] liegt also darin, ob nur ein minimales Schwa oder mehr vorliegt. Die reale Aussprache ist nah am ...


3

Sehr passend zu diesem Thema gibt es den Wikipedia-Artikel Namen auf -ow. Vereinfacht gesagt, sieht die Lage ungefähr so aus: Im Mittelalter hatten viele Orte am Wasser Namen germanischen Ursprungs, die auf -ow oder -owe endeten. Diese Endung ist mit den Wörtern Au und letztlich auch aqua verwandt und wurde im Rahmen des Lautwandels meist zu -au. Viele ...


3

The first e in "leben", "stehen" and "sehr" is a long e and thus pronounced like the "a" in "late" without the "-y" sound. The e in "pet" is a short e that you can find in the last e of "leben" and "stehen". In no case an "e" is pronounced like "i" in "Licht". In particular, "leben" and "lieben" are pronounced differently. There's normally no danger to ...


3

A very good tool is provided by http://www.aussprache.at In the Window "Suche" you can search for a word (example: search for »Chemie«). The findings are shown in the window above (for »Chemie« you find »Alchemie«, »Biochemie«, »Chemie« and »Chemielaborant«). Click on one of those findings. Left of this window you find the pronunciation written in ...


3

I do not think that the 'ks' sound is perceived as difficult by German speakers. Remember that we also have lots of 'ts' (represented by 'z') and 'pf' sounds. (There is however an Appel/Apfel dialect line.)


3

The four are actually pretty discernable once you know what you need to do. We have two variants that end in er and we have two that don’t. And we also have three variants that have an additional eh in the beginning and one that doesn’t. We can consider the cases independently: eh at the beginning means that a long [e:] is added. er at the end is ...



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