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So, your questions is about confirmation and geographical specification. Well, that's easy: Yes, that's true. (Almost) Everywhere.1 Jenes is indeed less commonly used. Wortschatz-Portal lists ~4830 entries. Dieses, in comparison, has more than 186k entries. Some people consider jenes as 'archaic' or at least 'too formal'. It's definitely rare in ...


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Both "dieser/diese/dieses" and "jener/jene/jenes" are demonstrative pronouns. "Demonstrare" is Latin for "to show/indicate". Der/die/das does not always and cannot always show/indicate (and help distinguish things in the process). They certainly have a lot in common with der/die/das. I will try to point out their differences. Between das and dieses ...


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I would use "genau" when the other person gets a point I tried to make and "stimmt" when I agree to a statement I haven't thought about previously. "Er konnte es nicht tun, weil er ihn ja eigentlich liebt." - "Weil er Lukes Vater ist." - "Genau!" vs. "Man sollte alles einmal probieren. Du weißt ja schließlich nicht, wieviel Zeit du hast." - ...


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Near Frankfurt, my personal impression: No, dieser/e/es are stronger than der/die/das (when used as demonstrative pronoun). They cannot be exchanged without changing the nuance. No, again it depends on strength. Yes. No, I can't remember having seen this. When using der/die/das, it's usually by intonation or additional words: Ich möchte nicht den Kuchen, ...



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