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8

You got it almost right - it's "Das Buch des Mannes" or, more archaic, "Des Mannes Buch". This is the genitive case, which, in spoken language, is nowadays often replaced by the simpler (but in my opinion still wrong - I recommend you don't use any of these!) dative case, which would be "Das Buch vom / von dem Mann", or even worse, "Dem Mann sein Buch".


7

Counterexamples German regular, English irregular: bauen, baute, gebaut - build, built, built füttern, fütterte, gefüttert - feed, fed, fed machen, machte, gemacht - make, made, made Counter examples German irregular, English regular: bitten, bat, gebeten - beg, begged, begged (or ask) bleiben, blieb, geblieben - stay, stayed, ...


3

Having lived in Germany for 8 years, it's better for conversations to just use the wrong article instead of pause every six words and go "...der? ...die? uh...." and make the German to whom you're speaking stop and think about it, usually having to speak the whole sentence out loud to themselves before they even know themselves what the appropriate article ...


3

Es kommt darauf an. Staaten: Sofern der Staat vom Geschlecht neutrum ist, kommt immer "In" davor. (In Deutschland, In Österreich) Wenn das Geschlecht des Staates allerdings nicht neutral ist, wird der Artikel, bezogen auf den Kasus verwendet (Bspw. "In der Schweiz"). Bundesland: Normalerweise sind Bundesländer ebenfalls neutral. In deinen Beispielen ...


2

There are some rules of thumb for guessing the grammatical gender given in this answer. With these you can make an informed guess of the gender and, since you know the case, the gender is enough to give you the hopefully correct article.


2

Selbst wenn du aus dem Genus und der Stufe der Körperschaft eine Regel ableiten könntest, müsstest du diese Informationen trotzdem getrennt speichern. Da ist es wohl einfacher, gleich die entsprechende Form in einer Liste zu speichern. Der Vorteil ist, dass du dann auch gleich Ausnahmen wie "im Kanton Zürich" ("im Zürich" alleine könnte missverständlich ...


1

I advice against using the same gender for every word. It might well give the impression that you don't even try to learn and in addition makes you forget the proper case for the other genders. The alternative is to start to learn and practice a few of the linked heuristics (e.g. -ung, -heit, -chen, abstract vs. concrete) and add them. For the rest of the ...



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