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It's a modal particle. (→English) Unlike "normal" adverbs (gut können), modal particles don't directly describe the verb (ja können?), but the speaker's relation to the action. Among other things, they can describe expectations/assumptions, as ja does here. In this context, it modifies the verb können somewhat like this: Alright, then it is ...


4

I often use the modal 'ja' as a way to suggest to the other that there is an agreement between us on the topic I'm talking about, or on a premise to a conclusion I'm drawing. The emotional quality of the 'ja' is defined by exactly what that topic/conclusion is. It always introduces a degree of emotion or at least subjectivity into a sentence otherwise ...


1

"ja" is normally a positive reaction to a question as "yes". But in German "ja" has a lot of other uses, not possible with English yes. Examples: Das ist ja nicht wahr!- Das ist ja gelogen! - Das ist ja falsch! Formerly such words were called Füllwörter, filling words, but that's rather a stopgap, it doesn't help a learner in any way. Today one uses terms ...


1

Es gibt ja nicht nur ein einziges Deutsch. Es gibt mehrere deutsche Sprachen (um genau zu sein: Varietäten der deutschen Sprache), und zu diesen gehören unterschiedliche Instanzen die das Regelwerk festlegen, weswegen diese Varietäten auch tatsächlich unterschiedliche Regeln haben. Ein Beispiel: Der Satz »Ich habe den Schweinsbraten gesalzen« wäre in ...



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