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1

The sentence is a good example of how we can introduce several levels of uncertainty in a statement. The doctor who wrote this managed to include 5 of them: Es ist eine Osteonekrose. Es ist eventuell eine Osteonekrose. Eine Osteonekrose kommt eventuell in Betracht. Auch eine Osteonekrose kommt eventuell in Betracht. Auch eine ...


2

There is nothing in this sentence that requires the use of the subjunctive. Kommt auch eine Osteonekrose in Betracht? is a correct sentence with the same meaning. However, since the question implicitly suggests that whoever is asked has overlooked or wrongly excluded the possibility of an osteonecrosis, I would often use a Konjunktiv II of politeness ...


2

As rogermue correctly pointed out, Konjunktiv II is used to express a possibility. The fragment presented in the question is either a question or part of a statement. (It is not a stand-alone statement because the verb needs to be in the second place of the sentence in a statement.) Question: Käme eventuell auch eine Osteonekrose in Betracht? ...


-1

By "käme in Betracht" (past subjunctive) a remote possibility is expressed, meaning "something might be possible".


2

I don't see anything special in this sentence. "könne" relates to "Das waren Erwartungen, nachdem die Euphorie der Revolution verflogen war.", basically the same as in: Er erwartet, dass es noch schlimmer kommt: die aufgepumpte Bundesrepublik könne sich rückwärts entwickeln, zu einem neualten Reich des Bösen. "könne" is indirect speech triggered by ...


2

I do not think you can. The Konjuntiv in the latter paragraph rather seems to be a continuation of a quotation in the former paragraph, although it is not marked as one. If no author is given, I would assume that the article's author is trying to express a general sentiment he felt at the time in the form of a fictional quote.


1

In Middle High German, Konjunktiv Präsens (I) was used differently; (Jaeckh 2011) mentions "goal-oriented contexts (wishes, demands, intentions)" or potentiality (page 11). Some of this has survived, like commands: Wer noch Karten will, melde sich. (jussive mood) Seien Sie vorsichtig! (jussive mood used as imperative) Seien wir nicht so streng! ...


2

There are three Konjunktiv forms in German: Konjunktiv I, Konjunktiv II and the "würde"-Konjunktiv. The main purpose of Konjunktiv I is in reported speech; you are asking for the conditional use: Here you have to take Konjunktiv II or the "würde"-Konjunktiv. (I'm listing the Konjunktiv I forms just for completeness.) The main verb in your sentence is ...


1

The exact same thing happens in English. One would say: Let ψn(x) be the characteristic function of the Hamiltonian operator Ĥ. This has a different meaning than: ψn(x) is the characteristic function of the Hamiltonian operator Ĥ.



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