New answers tagged subjunctive
The sentence is a good example of how we can introduce several levels of uncertainty in a statement. The doctor who wrote this managed to include 5 of them: Es ist eine Osteonekrose. Es ist eventuell eine Osteonekrose. Eine Osteonekrose kommt eventuell in Betracht. Auch eine Osteonekrose kommt eventuell in Betracht. Auch eine ...
There is nothing in this sentence that requires the use of the subjunctive. Kommt auch eine Osteonekrose in Betracht? is a correct sentence with the same meaning. However, since the question implicitly suggests that whoever is asked has overlooked or wrongly excluded the possibility of an osteonecrosis, I would often use a Konjunktiv II of politeness ...
As rogermue correctly pointed out, Konjunktiv II is used to express a possibility. The fragment presented in the question is either a question or part of a statement. (It is not a stand-alone statement because the verb needs to be in the second place of the sentence in a statement.) Question: Käme eventuell auch eine Osteonekrose in Betracht? ...
By "käme in Betracht" (past subjunctive) a remote possibility is expressed, meaning "something might be possible".
I don't see anything special in this sentence. "könne" relates to "Das waren Erwartungen, nachdem die Euphorie der Revolution verflogen war.", basically the same as in: Er erwartet, dass es noch schlimmer kommt: die aufgepumpte Bundesrepublik könne sich rückwärts entwickeln, zu einem neualten Reich des Bösen. "könne" is indirect speech triggered by ...
I do not think you can. The Konjuntiv in the latter paragraph rather seems to be a continuation of a quotation in the former paragraph, although it is not marked as one. If no author is given, I would assume that the article's author is trying to express a general sentiment he felt at the time in the form of a fictional quote.
In Middle High German, Konjunktiv Präsens (I) was used differently; (Jaeckh 2011) mentions "goal-oriented contexts (wishes, demands, intentions)" or potentiality (page 11). Some of this has survived, like commands: Wer noch Karten will, melde sich. (jussive mood) Seien Sie vorsichtig! (jussive mood used as imperative) Seien wir nicht so streng! ...
There are three Konjunktiv forms in German: Konjunktiv I, Konjunktiv II and the "würde"-Konjunktiv. The main purpose of Konjunktiv I is in reported speech; you are asking for the conditional use: Here you have to take Konjunktiv II or the "würde"-Konjunktiv. (I'm listing the Konjunktiv I forms just for completeness.) The main verb in your sentence is ...
The exact same thing happens in English. One would say: Let ψn(x) be the characteristic function of the Hamiltonian operator Ĥ. This has a different meaning than: ψn(x) is the characteristic function of the Hamiltonian operator Ĥ.
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