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-3

In addition to c.p.s answer, some more units: m² and m³ 14 m² = vierzehn Quatratmeter 3,18 m³ = drei Komma eins acht Kubikmeter 3,18 m³ = drei Komma achtzehn Kubikmeter (only if there are exactly 2 digits after the comma) % (technically it's just a pseudo-unit, but as matter of Language it is a unit) 0,5 % = null Komma fünf Prozent 0,5 % = ein ...


4

As was already said, the best way — and the only way for room dimensions — to read m² would be Quadratmeter However, that doesn’t work that well with all units. Everything that relates to area, i. e. the different metres, and the old imperial units like Elle or Fuß, will work. For most other units, it’s slightly preferred to say something like ...


6

The superindex ² is pronounced quadrat. In combination with meters, you say: Quadratmeter (engl. square meter[s]) The action to take the square of a quantity is quadrieren There's an irregular power left (in the sense that it has its own name, instead of just saying hoch N), namely three: Kubikmeter There also exists the slightly more ...


-2

Diakritische Zeichen is a term covering trema, any kind of accent, cedille and other letter "ornamentation" without the letter itself.


1

If you see them on the names of heavy metal bands (Motörhead) who only want to look exotic, these are called rock dots. Edit: In German these are called Heavy-Metal-Umlaut according to Wikipedia. Also rock dots can be written as röck döts.


6

To be absolutely accurate, “Umlaut” is a technical term for the phonological/historical process which transforms - for example - /u/ to /y/. This is the only meaning recognised in the standard dictionaries (DWB, DWDS, Duden). The two dots on top of some letters are properly called “Pünktchen”. Compare this: http://www.dwds.de/?view=1&qu=Umlaut and this: ...


18

Multiple questions, multiple answers: In English, the sounds like a, e, i, o, u are called vowel sounds. Erm, technically true, but you’re forgetting y. And there are a lot more vowel sounds that just the five ‘standard’ ones. There are some twenty different vowel sounds in English if you include diphthongs (and there’s no real reason not to). I ...


11

The result of the dots, so the letter with the dots on it, is an Umlaut – literally a “resounding” – of the vowel. The dots themselves are commonly known as ä/ö/ü-Striche (or Strichelchen), depending on what word you have in mind. That’s what we, including the teachers, used in school. The term umlaut only came to my attention once I started having contact ...


3

In English the sign is called umlaut. In German is Umlaut or Trema. ö is then o mit Umlaut. Similar for the other two vowels.


12

In most cases in physics, act on sth. is translated by auf etw. wirken. So the phrase is: Der Impulsoperator p wirkt auf das Ket |ψ>. For example, in this Wikipedia article you can read: In der Impulsdarstellung wirkt der Impulsoperator multiplikativ auf Impulswellenfunktionen [...]. Another possible construction I can think of is auf etw. ...



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