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17

You can do it in every-day conversations by E-Mail or chat. But when writing a somewhat official document, you really should try to get the umlauts right. It's just a question of conformity: You want to use the language, so use it correctly. A whole different problem that will probably come up if you manage to get the umlauts in your email is encoding - if ...


17

Mit grep finde ich in einem Wörterbuch: egrep ".*[äöüßÄÖÜ].*[äöüß].*[äöüß].*[äöüß]" ~/lib/dicts/utf-german Fußgängerübergänge Größenmaßstäbe größenordnungsmäßig also 3 Vierlinge, aber leider alle mit einer Wiederholung. Längere sind nicht verzeichnet, aber da man im Deutschen beliebig lange Substantive kombinieren kann wäre "Fußgängerübergangsmörtel" ...


16

We are probably talking about then handwriting as it is taught to children in school. Before 1970 When I was at school we were taught the "Lateinische Ausgangsschrift" where we had to make strokes on the letters as shown below: Source: Wikipedia This was mainly done from historic reasons. The school handwritings derived from Sütterlin, and the "Deutsche ...


15

The German alphabet (in German "Deutsches Alphabet" or colloquial "A-B-C") is a variation of the Latin alphabet and includes 26 capitalized letters (same as in English) plus the umlauts (Ä, Ö, Ü) and (only) in Germany and Austria the "scharfes S" (ß). The ß ist not part of the alphabet in Switzerland and Liechtenstein. If you're referring to a single letter ...


13

Umlaute werden im Fraktursatz in der Regel mit nachgestelltem e wiedergegeben, wenn es sich bei dem Umlaut um Großbuchstaben (Majuskeln) handelt: Aepfel, Oeſe, Uebung Umlaute als Kleinbuchstaben werden, je nach Schrift, durch ein Trema (¨) oder durch ein übergestelltes kleines e gekennzeichnet. Historischer Nachsatz: Im Mittelalter wurde ein ...


10

I found some word with three characters (un)verhältnismäßig, Verhältnismäßigkeit Präzisionsmeßgerät (old spelling, and perhaps "zusammengesetzte Substantiv") Lückenbüßer Übergröße Müßiggänger außerplanmäßig Some more without a check in the Duden: Einflußgröße Gefäßschädigung Meßgröße Rückäußerung Rückstöße blütenübersät flächenmäßig gefühlsmäßig ...


9

Try to omit this practice as much as possible. Nur sehr geubte Leser werden diesen Satz so entziffern konnen wie er ursprunglich gedacht war. Nur sehr geuebte Leser werden diesen Satz so entziffern koennen wie er urspruenglich gedacht war. Nur sehr geübte Leser werden diesen Satz so entziffern können wie er ursprünglich gedacht war. ...


8

I learned in school that the alphabet has 26 letters, A to Z, that was in the 1970s and 80s in Germany. Somehow the umlauts and the eszet were never mentioned when the alphabet was enumerated, I suppose because they are not considered proper letters in German. As for the letter "c", we have plenty of them, but in german words they only occur in the ...


8

Several ways: Switch to a German keyboard layout. No, really. On Windows, you can (after having configured it) switch between layouts by pressing Shift+Alt, so you can just switch when writing the special characters. This way, you just have to memorize where these four keys are, not all the other differences between US and German layout. Use codes: ä, for ...


8

An easy way that requires just a little bit adjusting is using US International layout (it's what I'm using and I love it). There seem to exist different variants: With and without dead keys. Without dead keys, everything is normal, except you get lots of accented letters with AltGr, e.g., AltGr + s is ß, AltGr + p is ö, AltGr + q is ä and AltGr + y is ü. ...


8

How to handle person's names is a question that's quite common in libraries, for example. The "RAK-WB" ("Regeln für die Alphabetische Katalogisierung - Wissenschaftliche Bibliotheken") have a sophisticated system how to handle a person's name ("Ansetzung"), depending mainly on the nationality of that person. You can find more information on M. Payer's paper ...


8

Deine Grundannahme ist falsch "weihnachtlich" leitet sich nicht direkt von "der Nacht" sondern von "Weihnacht" ab. Siehe dazu: canoo Im Gegensatz dazu leitet sich "nächtlich" direkt von "Nacht" ab. Hier kommt es bei der Bildung mit dem Suffix -lich zu einer Anpassung des Stammes. Diese Stammanpassung wird bei "Weihnacht-lich" ausgelassen. Das Wörterbuch ...


7

Back in the days of typewriters this transcription was very common, it's certainly not wrong but the excuse that your computer keyboard does not have those keys is hardly valid nowadays as you can easily change the layout. So if you write a very important document and you use the transcription the recipient may take that as laziness on your part. I for one ...


6

ä → ae ö → oe ü → ue Ä → Ae Ö → Oe Ü → Ue ß → ss (or SZ) The SZ is only for words in capitals (and I think for old spelling). Für LaTeX-Nutzer gibt es auch die Umschreibung "a, "o, "u, bzw. "A, "O, "U (bzw. \"a, \"o, \"u, bzw. \"A, \"O, \"U) You are also asking for a kind of official link. Maybe Din 5007 helps a bit. That's a norm for sorting. An "ä" ...


6

Wikipedia: The umlaut diacritic, consisting of two dots above the vowel [...] Here are the new and old notation of umlauted vowels: Also worth reading: Diaeresis (diacritic): [...] umlaut is a diacritic that consists of two dots ( ¨ ) placed over a letter [...] When it comes to handwriting: In modern handwriting, the umlaut sometimes ...


6

Ä There's no obvious difference in pronouning Ärzte or Ärmel. As for ätzend, the ä is slightly more "e-like" than the usual ä, as it is a short vowel. Ä is close in pronounciation to the a in that or cap - an a pronounced more "e-like". Ö Is pronounced like the u in purse or the e in Perth. EDIT: It is possible to practice the ö by forming an o with your ...


5

We could use the Unicode sign for a Diaresis and combine it with attributes underline or strike for the desired effect: ¨ Example for strike attribute


5

Under Linux, most layouts have the letter ß on AltGr+S. The most notable exception is the German keyboard itself. Here, AltGr+S generates the letter ſ, also know as „long s“.


5

Here is wikipedia's take on the question. Following those rules would sort your list as Beethoven, Dörfener, Dorfer,de Maizière, Mustermann, von Neumann . [So sad you're last, John! But you remain my hero in 20th century mathematics :-). More seriously, the Hungarians call him Neumann János: they put family names before first names, and of course John ...


5

On Mac OS X you can use: Alt+S = ß Alt+U then A = ä Alt+U then E = ë Alt+U then U = ü (Tested on a UK layout keyboard)


4

Only if your keyboard doesn't let you enter umlauts. (Even with a US keyboard, you can enter umlauts. Hold down the left alt key and type "129" on your numeric keypad to get the u-umlaut. Learn the numbers for them all, put them on a little post-it note, and stick it to your keyboard. there's only 4 letters in the German alphabet that don't exist in the ...


4

In case of Zufall -> zufällig you create an adjective from a noun. Some hints when you can shift you find on canoo.net. When you add the suffixes -erig, -ern, -ig, -isch or -lich to a noun you can shift. But not always (gewaltig, schaumig). If you have an adjective and add a suffix, then shifting is possible for -ig and -lich. See again on canoo.net. For ...


4

It's a lot easier on US Mac keyboards to get the umlauts—just use the Option key + u to get an umlaut, then type the vowel you want under it: [Option + u, o] gives ö, and [Option + s] gives the "ß." However, I have seen a number of German friends and colleagues write emails to me using the "ue" instead of "ü." So while the new style is inarguably ...


4

This seems like a hyphen rather than a dash. There are some more hyphens beside the ASCII hyphen-minus in Unicode: U+002D (hyphen-minus) + U+0308 = -̈ U+2010 (hyphen) + U+0308 = ‐̈ U+2011 (non-breaking hyphen) + U+0308 = ‑̈ On my system (and on any system with a proper implementation of OpenType), all three should work as expected. For this application, ...


3

Ich habe hier zwei Programme vorgestellt, die unter Windows bei der Eingabe solcher Zeichen helfen: ac'tivAid Forte und AllChars. Beide sind sehr leicht erlernbar.


3

It is the same as yours. 26 letters and in the same order. The Umlaute ä, ö, ü where seen as modifications of a, o, u by Diakritisches Zeichen and ß was not seen as full member of the Alphabet. The exact classification was a bit vague. Later at university (mathematical linguistic) there was a strict differentiation between character set and alphabet. ...


3

Die Umschreibung mittels e ist eine Besonderheit. Tatsächlich sind ä, ö und ü völlig eigenständige Buchstaben. Sie entstanden früher aus den Digraphen ae, oe und ue, indem das e in gebrochener Schreibschrift geschrieben wurde das e diakritisch über den vorausgehenen Vokal geschrieben wurde das Gebroche-Schreibschrift-e unsauber geschrieben wurde, sodass ...


3

It is not easy to explain the special vowels of German, which traditionally are called Umlaute. But I remember having explained the articulation of ü to an American young man. My explanation was as follows: Say a long /i/ and keep your tongue in this i-position, i. e. the tongue is near the palate. Now round your lips strongly and push your lips forward as ...


3

Historically the modal verbs derive from the perfect tense which took over a meaning referring to present time. That's why the forms of the modal verbs don't follow the normal pattern. German wissen, not exactly a modal verb, has a similar conjugation in present tense. It is connected with the Latin perfect vidi - I have seen. If you have seen something ...


2

Or, which is the easiest way and quite often used in Germany, too (e.g. when the font doesn't include them, or - only ß - when writing in capital letters): ä = ae ü = ue ö = oe ß = ss ;)



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