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Diakritische Zeichen is a term covering trema, any kind of accent, cedille and other letter "ornamentation" without the letter itself.


1

If you see them on the names of heavy metal bands (Motörhead) who only want to look exotic, these are called rock dots. Edit: In German these are called Heavy-Metal-Umlaut according to Wikipedia. Also rock dots can be written as röck döts.


6

To be absolutely accurate, “Umlaut” is a technical term for the phonological/historical process which transforms - for example - /u/ to /y/. This is the only meaning recognised in the standard dictionaries (DWB, DWDS, Duden). The two dots on top of some letters are properly called “Pünktchen”. Compare this: http://www.dwds.de/?view=1&qu=Umlaut and this: ...


18

Multiple questions, multiple answers: In English, the sounds like a, e, i, o, u are called vowel sounds. Erm, technically true, but you’re forgetting y. And there are a lot more vowel sounds that just the five ‘standard’ ones. There are some twenty different vowel sounds in English if you include diphthongs (and there’s no real reason not to). I ...


11

The result of the dots, so the letter with the dots on it, is an Umlaut – literally a “resounding” – of the vowel. The dots themselves are commonly known as ä/ö/ü-Striche (or Strichelchen), depending on what word you have in mind. That’s what we, including the teachers, used in school. The term umlaut only came to my attention once I started having contact ...


3

In English the sign is called umlaut. In German is Umlaut or Trema. ö is then o mit Umlaut. Similar for the other two vowels.



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